Information about King Afonso II of Portugal

King Afonso II of Portugal (23 April 1185 - 25 March 1223)

Afonso II, or Affonso (Archaic Portuguese), Alfonso or Alphonso (Portuguese-Galician) or Alphonsus (Latin version), nicknamed "the Fat" (Portuguese o Gordo), King of Portugal, was born in Coimbra on 23 April 1185 and died on 25 March 1223 in the same city. He was the second but eldest surviving son of Sancho I of Portugal by his wife, Dulce, Infanta of Aragon. Afonso succeeded his father on 27 March 1211.

Since military issues were not a government priority, Afonso established the state's administration and centralized power on himself. He designed the first set of Portuguese written laws. These were mainly concerned with private property, civil justice, and minting. Afonso also sent ambassadors to European kingdoms outside the Iberian Peninsula and began amicable commercial relations with most of them.

King Afonso II of Portugal reigned in...
Reigned asIn CountryFromToCoins Issued
Dom Afonso II (King Afonso II) Flag of Portugal, Kingdom of Portugal, Kingdom of 26 March 1211 25 March 1223
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