Holy Roman Empire / Emperor Rudolf II, Archduke of Lower and Upper Austria as Rudolf V

Holy Roman Empire - Emperor Rudolf II, Archduke of Lower and Upper Austria as Rudolf V (12 October 1576 - 20 January 1612)

Rudolf II was Holy Roman Emperor (1576-1612), King of Hungary and Croatia (as Rudolf I, 1572-1608), King of Bohemia (1575-1608/1611) and Archduke of Austria (1576-1608). He was a member of the House of Habsburg.

Rudolf's legacy has traditionally been viewed in three ways: an ineffectual ruler whose mistakes led directly to the Thirty Years' War; a great and influential patron of Northern Mannerist art; and an intellectual devotee of occult arts and learning which helped seed what would be called the scientific revolution.

Rudolf died in 1612, nine months after he had been stripped of all effective power by his younger brother, except the empty title of Holy Roman Emperor, to which Matthias was elected five months later. In May 1618 with the event known as the Defenestration of Prague, the Protestant Bohemians, in defense of the rights granted them in the Letter of Majesty, began the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648).

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Emperor Rudolf II, Archduke of Lower and Upper Austria as Rudolf V: Details
CountryHoly Roman Empire
From12 October 1576
To20 January 1612
Personal Information Archduke Rudolf II (V of Austria), Holy Roman Emperor
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Country Details
NameHoly Roman Empire
From800
To1806
WikiSee Wikipedia page
FlagFlag of Holy Roman Empire