Empress Meishō (明正天皇 Meishō-tennō) was the 109th Imperial ruler of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
Her reign lasted from 1629 to 1643.
In the history of Japan, Meishō was the seventh of eight women to become empress regnant. The six who reigned before her were Suiko, Kōgyoku/Saimei, Jitō, Gemmei, Genshō and Kōken/Shōtoku. Her sole female successor was Go-Sakuramachi.