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Information about mint: Soho Mint

Mint nameSoho Mint
LocationHandsworth, West Midlands
CountryUnited Kingdom
Dates1788 - 1850

Soho Mint was created by Matthew Boulton in 1788 in his Soho Manufactory in Handsworth, West Midlands, England. A mint was erected at the manufactory containing eight machines, to his own patent design, driven by steam engine, each capable of striking 70 to 84 coins per minute.

In 1797 the first, and only, copper twopenny and the first penny coins were produced under contract although the smaller denominations did not follow until later. These coins were comparatively large, having a broad raised rim with the inscription pressed below the surface and became known as the cartwheel pennies. Over 45 million were minted in two years.

In addition to copper domestic coins, silver coins were made for some of the colonies, and various medals and trade tokens were struck.

After the demise of the Soho Mint some of the machinery was bought at auction, in 1850, by the new Birmingham Mint of Ralph Heaton II.

Known mint marks of Soho Mint:
No mint mark

No mint mark.


On British halfpenny and penny coins with the seated Britannia design, the Soho Mint had the word SOHO in tiny letters on the rock to the right of th figure.

1 main coin types minted predominantly or exclusively at Soho Mint:
Bahamas, British Crown Colony / Penny (1806 - 1806)
7 coins minted at Soho Mint:
CountryCoinMintageMint mark
Kingdom of Ireland Six Shillings 1804 unknown No mint mark
United Kingdom Five Shillings 1804 unknown No mint mark
Bahamas, British Crown Colony Penny 1806 120,000 (120000) No mint mark
United Kingdom Penny 1806 unknown SOHO
Bahamas, British Crown Colony Penny 1807 (proof only) unknown No mint mark
United Kingdom Penny 1807 unknown SOHO
United Kingdom Penny 1808 (Proof only) unknown SOHO