Since 2006, Germany has issued a special 2 Euro coin from a Bundesland (province) every year, depicting an important object from that region. The theme of the 2012 German 2 Euro is the state of Bayern (Bavaria).
Bavaria (German: Bayern), officially the Free State of Bavaria (German: Freistaat Bayern), is a state in the south-east of Germany. With an area of 70,550.19 km2, Bavaria is the largest German state by land area, comprising roughly a fifth of the total land area of Germany. Bavaria's main cities are Munich (its capital and largest city and also the third largest city in Germany), Nuremberg, and Augsburg. The design of the Bavaria €2 coin features the famous Neuschwanstein Castle near Füssen.
Germany has five mints which strike circulation coins; they are distinguished by their mint marks - A for Berlin, D for Munich, F for Stuttgart, G for Karlsruhe and J for Hamburg. The set contains five coins with the same design, each struck by a different mint and with its respective mint mark. The quality is BU (Brilliant Uncirculated), which in German is called Stempelglanz.