Gold Twentieth-Ounce Libertad, Coin Type from Mexico - detailed information

Gold Twentieth-Ounce Libertad, Coin Type from Mexico (issued 1991 - )
Coin TypeGold Twentieth-Ounce Libertad

La Casa de Moneda de México (the Mexican Mint) was established in 1535 and is the oldest mint in the Americas. Apart from manufacturing all the circulation coinage for Mexico, the mint also strikes coins in the internationally popular one twentieth of an ounce of gold format. The best known of these is the Libertad series of bullion coins, which has been issued in a number of sizes in gold since 1981 and in silver since 1982.

The Libertad twentieth-ounce of gold (1/20 onza in Spanish) was added to the range in 1991. The obverse of the coin depicts the Coat of Arms of Mexico: a Mexican golden eagle perched on a prickly pear cactus, devouring a rattlesnake. The reverse design is based on the 1921 gold Centenario, a coin issued to mark the centennial of Mexican independence (Libertad means Liberty in Spanish); it depicts the winged Nike (Victory, or Victoria in Spanish) - the statue which tops The Angel of Independence monument in Mexico City (built in 1910); in the background the volcanoes Popocatépetl and Iztaccihuatl are seen.

The design was changed from the "Type 1" Libertad (called just "Libertad" by the Bank of Mexico) to "Type 2" Libertad ("New Libertad") in 2000; the difference is that Victoria is seen on the later coins from an angle and not from the front as before.

Libertad coins do not have a fixed face value; they are accepted as currency and guaranteed by Banco de México based on the market value of their precious metal content (similarly to the South African Krugerrand).

Obverse
Mexico / Gold Twentieth-Ounce Libertad - obverse photo

The obverse of the coin shows at its centre the Coat of Arms of Mexico, which depicts a Mexican (golden) eagle perched on a prickly pear cactus, facing left, devouring a rattlesnake. The cactus is on a pedestal immersed in the Aztec symbol for water. Below, a wreath of oak and laurel leaves tied at its centre with a ribbon representing the flag of Mexico.

The design is rooted in the legend that the Aztec people would know where to build their city once they saw an eagle eating a snake on top of a lake. To the people of Tenochtitlan (the pre-European capital), this symbol had strong religious connotations, and to the Europeans it came to symbolise the triumph of good over evil (with the snake sometimes representative of the serpent in the Garden of Eden).

Around above, the legend ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS, meaning United Mexican States in Spanish - which is the full official name of Mexico.

The border is toothed, with staggered sizes of the teeth.

Obverse Inscription ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Reverse
Mexico / Gold Twentieth-Ounce Libertad - reverse photo

The reverse of the coin shows at its centre the statue of Nike (the Greek goddess of Victory, in Spanish: Victoria) from the Angel of Independence monument in Mexico City - commonly known simply as The Angel. She is represented as a young bare-breasted winged woman holding a laurel wreath in her outstretched right hand, and a broken chain (a symbol of freedom) in her left hand. Visible below the figure is the pedestal which tops the monument.

The volcanoes Popocatépetl and Iztaccihuatl can be seen in the background.

Around above, interrupted by the wings of the angel, the inscription 1/20 ONZA ORO PURO [year] LEY .999 (one twentieth of a troy ounce of pure gold with purity 99.9%).

The Mo mint mark of the Mexican Mint (large letter M above which a small o) is in the upper right field.

The border is plain.

Reverse Inscription 1/20 ONZA ORO PURO [year] LEY .999
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone
Coin Type: Gold Twentieth-Ounce Libertad - (25) Coins
Coin NameMintageSymbolLegend
Gold Twentieth-Ounce 1991 Libertad 10,000 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Twentieth-Ounce 1992 Libertad 63,858 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Twentieth-Ounce 1993 Libertad 10,000 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Twentieth-Ounce 1994 Libertad 10,000 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Twentieth-Ounce 2000 Libertad 5,300 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Twentieth-Ounce 2002 Libertad 5,000 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Twentieth-Ounce 2003 Libertad 800 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Twentieth-Ounce 2004 Libertad 4,000 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Twentieth-Ounce 2005 Libertad 3,600 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Twentieth-Ounce 2006 Libertad 3,520 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Twentieth-Ounce 2007 Libertad 1,700 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Twentieth-Ounce 2008 Libertad 1,300 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Twentieth-Ounce 2009 Libertad 2,600 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Twentieth-Ounce 2010 Libertad 2,100 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Twentieth-Ounce 2011 Libertad 3,600 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Twentieth-Ounce 2013 Libertad 950 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Twentieth-Ounce 2014 Libertad 1,300 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Twentieth-Ounce 2015 Libertad 1,800 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Twentieth-Ounce 2016 Libertad 5,000 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Twentieth-Ounce 2017 Libertad 1,600 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Twentieth-Ounce 2018 Libertad 3,500 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Twentieth-Ounce 2019 Libertad 2,500 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Twentieth-Ounce 2020 Libertad 950 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Twentieth-Ounce 2021 Libertad 1,350 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Twentieth-Ounce 2022 Libertad 2,300 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
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Gold Twentieth-Ounce Libertad: Details
CountryMexico
CurrencyMexican Peso (New)
Sub-type ofGold Twentieth-Ounce (1/20 oz)
From1991
Face Value(varies) (x Peso)
CurrentYes
Material0.999 Gold
Designer
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationCoin Alignment (Axis 6)
Size13.0000 mm
Thickness0.6500 mm
Mass1.5551 g