United Kingdom: Coin Type Double Florin - detailed information

United Kingdom: Coin Type Double Florin (issued 1887 - 1890)
Coin TypeDouble Florin

The double florin (4/-) was one of the shortest-lived British coin denominations ever, only being produced during four mint years, between 1887 and 1890. The silver coin weighed 22.6 grams (0.80 oz) and was 36 millimetres (1.4 in) in diameter.

The obverse side of the coin shows a portrait of Queen Victoria wearing a veil, with the inscription "VICTORIA - DEI GRATIA" (Victoria - By the grace of God), while the reverse side shows four cruciform-crowned shields bearing the emblems of England (x2), Scotland, and Ireland, with sceptres between the shields, in the style of Charles II's gold coins designed by John Roettiers; the inscription on the reverse reads, "FID DEF BRITT REG date".

The coin was introduced as part of a short-lived attempt at decimalisation of the currency, after an earlier attempt had spawned the florin. Since it is equivalent to 20 new pence, the coin was not demonetised as part of the 1971 decimalisation. The coins are not likely spent, though, as the silver content of each coin is worth far more than 20 pence.

The coin acquired the nickname of "Barmaid's Grief" due to its similarity to the slightly larger crown coin (worth 5 shillings, 25% more than the double florin), as neither coin was marked with its denomination and both used an identical portrait of Queen Victoria on the obverse.

The Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1649 - 1971 says: "A new denomination, the double florin, was introduced in 1887 but was not popular, perhaps because of there being no need for the four shilling value coin as well as the five shilling crown, neither showing the denomination and distinguishable only by the slight difference in size and shape of the reverse. The double florin was issued only for four years."

Some coins minted in 1887 (the first year) had a Roman 'I' instead of an Arabic '1' in the date. This went unnoticed for a time until corrected, allowing the balance of the mint run to be produced with the correct date. These two variations are worth approximately the same, making the series more interesting for collectors.

Some coins dated 1888 and 1889 have an inverted Arabic 1 instead of the second I in VICTORIA as the result of a broken punch.

Obverse

Bust of Queen Victoria facing left wearing the small imperial crown, long veil falling behind her head, pearl necklace and earring, Ribbon and Star of the Garter and the badge of the Imperial Order of India; in small raised letters on the bust truncation, the artist's initials J.E.B. (for Joseph Edgar Boehm); around, VICTORIA DEI GRATIA.

Obverse InscriptionVICTORIA DEI GRATIA
Reverse

Four crowned shields arranged to form a cross about the Star of the Garter, top and bottom bear the arms of England, right Scotland, left, Ireland; between the shields ar four sceptres, two surmounted with an orb, one with a thistle and one with a harp; around, BRITT: REG: 1887 FID: DEF:, the date being divided by the crown above the top English shield.

Reverse InscriptionBRITT: REG: [Year] FID: DEF:
EdgeMilled
Edge InscriptionNone
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Double Florin: Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
From1887
To1890
Face Value4 (x Shilling)
CurrentNo (demonetised 1970)
Material0.925 Silver
Designer
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationReversed (Coin Alignment, Axis 6)
Size (mm)
Mass (g)22.6207
Double Florin: Photos
ImageDetails
Great Britain 1887 double florin
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Proof (Arabic 1 in date).
Source
Great Britain 1887 double florin
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Proof.
Source