Maundy Penny (Pre-decimal), Coin Type from United Kingdom - detailed information

Maundy Penny (Pre-decimal), Coin Type from United Kingdom (issued 1817 - 1970)
Coin TypeMaundy Penny (Pre-decimal)

The Maundy Penny coin is the smallest denomination of Maundy money - coins specially minted in varying (but always small) mintage for ceremonial purposes and not intended as circulating currency. They are usually handed by the British monarch in person to selected deserving individuals once every year. They are issued in "prooflike" condition and usually remain in it, especially the more recent ones. Each recipient receives two purses: a red one with ordinary coins, and a white purse containing a particular amount (which varies every year) made up of one, two, three and four pence Maundy coins. Since the amounts are not always divisible by ten, the number (and mintage) of the respective denominations differ; in other words, they cannot always all be cleanly combined into a number of full sets. Note also that the coins are initially in purses; the sets that appear on the market are made from these later, and are not issued as sets by the Royal Mint.

The Royal Maundy is an ancient ceremony which has its origin in the commandment Christ gave after washing the feet of his disciples on the day before Good Friday. The commandment (also known as a "mandatum" from which the word Maundy is derived) "that ye love one another" (John XIII 34) is still recalled regularly by Christian churches throughout the world. The ceremony of washing the feet of the poor which was accompanied by gifts of food and clothing can be traced back to the fourth century.

Maundy money has remained in much the same form since 1670, and the coins used for the Maundy ceremony have traditionally been struck in sterling silver, save for the brief interruptions of King Henry VIII’s debasement of the coinage and the general change to 50% silver coins in 1920. The sterling silver standard (92.5%) was resumed following the Coinage Act of 1946. The current reverse was designed by Jean Baptiste Merlen in 1822 and has been issued every year since then with only minor modifications.

As there is no record of any denomination higher than one penny (then struck for circulation in silver) being used in the Maundy gift before 1731, sets from before then are most likely ordinary circulation strikes. At that time, coins used for the Maundy money distribution were indistinguishable from those struck for circulation. It was not until 1752 that coins not struck for circulation were used for the Maundy distribution. In a time when little silver was being struck by the Royal Mint, the coins distributed might bear a previous year's date.

To evade statutory prohibitions on the striking of silver coin during the Napoleonic Wars, all Maundy pieces issued from 1800 to 1815 bear the date 1800, though most were struck later. When the date was finally changed in 1816, after the prohibition ended, the size of the coins was slightly reduced, as the Royal Mint implemented a change from striking 62 shillings of silver coin from one troy pound of sterling silver to 66 shillings.The last year in which no Maundy coins were struck was 1821.

In 1689, the Royal Mint began using a design for the reverse of the four low-denomination silver coins depicting a crowned numeral. The designer is unknown (Richard Lobel, in his catalogue of British coins, suggests the artist was George Bower, an employee of the Royal Mint whose medals bear similar characteristics), but his work has endured, in a revised form, for over three hundred years. In 1822 an amended reverse was introduced, and has been struck every year since then in all four denominations.

The 1822 reverse design, which places the crowned numeral within an oak wreath was done by Jean Baptiste Merlen. This design is still struck each year, though the crown was altered in 1888, as was the appearance of the numeral "2" on the twopence. These changes were made by Royal Mint engraver Leonard Charles Wyon.

The original composition of the coins was sterling (0.925) silver. In common with all British silver coins, the fineness was reduced to 0.500 in 1921. In 1947 silver was removed from all circulating British coinage in favour of cupronickel, but as it was felt to be inappropriate to strike Maundy coins in base metal, their fineness was restored to 0.925.

On Decimal Day 15 February 1971, the pound sterling became decimalised, with 100 new pence instead of 20 shillings of 12 pence (240 pence) in a pound. No change was made to the design of the Maundy pieces, and all Maundy pieces, both pre- and post-Decimal Day are deemed denominated in new pence, more than doubling the face value of the pre-1971 pieces. The series continues as a decimal penny.

Obverse
United Kingdom / Maundy Penny (Pre-decimal) - obverse photo

Effigy of the ruling British monarch, legend (in Latin).

Obverse Inscription Legend of the ruling monarch
Reverse
United Kingdom / Maundy Penny (Pre-decimal) - reverse photo

Within an open oak wreath, the numeral value 1 [penny].

Above the value, St Edward's Crown. Named after Saint Edward the Confessor, it has been traditionally used to crown English and British monarchs at their coronations since the 13th century (with a two-century gap between 1689 and 1911).

Divided by the value, the date of issue: [year].

Reverse Inscription 1 [year]
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone
Coin Type: Maundy Penny (Pre-decimal) - (152) Coins (Page 2 of 2)
Coin NameReverseObverseDetails
Penny 1919 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1919 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,524
Penny 1920 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1920 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,460
Penny 1921 (Maundy) Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,542
Penny 1922 (Maundy) Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,609
Penny 1923 (Maundy) Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,726
Penny 1924 (Maundy) Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,672
Penny 1925 (Maundy) Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,670
Penny 1926 (Maundy) Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,762
Penny 1927 (Maundy) Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,681
Penny 1928 (Maundy) Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,642
Penny 1929 (Maundy) Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,761
Penny 1930 (Maundy) Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,724
Penny 1931 (Maundy) Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,759
Penny 1932 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1932 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1932 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,835
Penny 1933 (Maundy) Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,872
Penny 1934 (Maundy) Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,887
Penny 1935 (Maundy) Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,928
Penny 1936 (Maundy) Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,323
Penny 1937 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1937 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1937 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,325
Penny 1938 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1938 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,275
Penny 1939 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1939 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,234
Penny 1940 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1940 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,277
Penny 1941 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1941 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1941 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,253
Penny 1942 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1942 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,231
Penny 1943 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1943 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,239
Penny 1944 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1944 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,259
Penny 1945 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1945 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,355
Penny 1946 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1946 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1946 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,365
Penny 1947 (Maundy) Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,375
Penny 1948 (Maundy) Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,385
Penny 1949 (Maundy) Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,395
Penny 1950 (Maundy) Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,405
Penny 1951 (Maundy) Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,468
Penny 1952 (Maundy) Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,012
Penny 1953 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1953 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1953 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,050
Penny 1954 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1954 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,088
Penny 1955 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1955 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,036
Penny 1956 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1956 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,100
Penny 1957 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1957 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1957 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,168
Penny 1958 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1958 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,112
Penny 1959 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1959 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,118
Penny 1960 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1960 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,124
Penny 1961 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1961 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,200
Penny 1962 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1962 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,127
Penny 1963 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1963 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,133
Penny 1964 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1964 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,215
Penny 1965 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1965 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,143
Penny 1966 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1966 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,206
Penny 1967 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1967 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1967 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 986
Penny 1968 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1968 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 964
Penny 1969 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1969 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,002
Penny 1970 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1970 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1970 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 980
Showing 101 to 152 of 152 Coins.
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Maundy Penny (Pre-decimal): Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
From1817
To1970
Face Value1 (x Penny)
CurrentYes
Material0.925 Silver
DesignerJean Baptiste Merlen
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationCoin Alignment (Axis 6)
Size11.000 mm
Mass0.470 g
Maundy Penny (Pre-decimal): Photos
ImageDetails
Coin - Penny, George III, Great Britain, 1818
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George III reverse (1817 - 1820).
Source
Coin - Penny (Maundy), Elizabeth II, Great Britain, 1957
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Queen Elizabeth II (1954 - 1970).
Source
Coin - Penny (Maundy), Elizabeth II, Great Britain, 1957
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Source
Coin - Penny, George III, Great Britain, 1818
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George III (1817 - 1820).
Source
Coin - Penny, George IV, Great Britain, 1826
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George IV (1822 - 1830).
Source
Coin - Penny (Maundy), William IV, Great Britain, 1836
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King William IV (1831 - 1837).
Source
Great Britain 1868 penny KM-727
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Queen Victoria, Young Head (1838 - 1887).
Source
Great Britain 1893 penny KM-775
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Queen Victoria, Veiled Head (1893 - 1901).
Source
Coin - Penny (Maundy), George V, Great Britain, 1932
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George V (1911 - 1936).
Source