Information about mint: Royal Mint

Royal Mint (886 - present)

The Royal Mint is the body permitted to manufacture, or mint, the coins of the United Kingdom. The Royal Mint originated over 1100 years ago, producing coins for England and eventually Great Britain.

Since 2010 it has operated as Royal Mint Ltd, a company owned by HM Treasury, under an exclusive contract to supply all coinage for the UK. Royal Mint Ltd is 100% owned by HM Treasury, though the latter delegates shareholder responsibilities to the Shareholder Executive.

As well as minting coins for the UK, The Royal Mint also mints and exports coins to many other countries and produces military medals, commemorative medals, and other such items for governments, schools and businesses, being known as the world's leading exporting mint.

Responsibility for the security of the site falls to the Ministry of Defence Police, who provide an armed contingent.

In 1968 The Royal Mint began to move its operations from Tower Hill in the City of London to Llantrisant, Mid Glamorgan, Wales, and has operated on a single site in Llantrisant since 1980. At Llantrisant it holds an extensive collection of coins dating from the 16th century onwards, housed in eighty cabinets made by Elizabeth II's cabinet maker, Hugh Swann. The site occupies 38 acres (15 ha) and employs 765 people.

The annual Trial of the Pyx assays coins produced for the UK government for size, weight and chemical composition.

The Royal Mint also manufactures bullion products under "The Royal Mint Refinery" brand. The Royal Mint Refinery marque dates back to 1852. Operated for more than 100 years by N.M. Rothschild and Sons, it became an established brand with a strong reputation for handling much of the gold and silver bullion sent to London from across the globe for processing under the RMR label. Royal Mint Refinery became a trustworthy name that survived the First and Second World Wars and served an ever evolving bullion market until production ceased in 1968. The Royal Mint Refinery brand was revived by The Royal Mint in 2015, when it stared issuing gold and silver bars. The range was later expanded to minted bars carrying themes from the bullion coinage ranges of the Royal Mint (e.g. Britannia, James Bond etc.).

Coin Types predominantly or exclusively minted by: Royal Mint (194)
CountryCurrencyCoin TypeFromTo
England Pound Sterling (England) Angel (5.65 g gold) 1465 1642
England Pound Sterling (England) Gold Crown (3.11 g) 1526 1662
England Pound Sterling (England) Unite / Broad (9 g gold) 1604 1662
England Pound Sterling (England) Guinea (8.385 - 8.53 g gold) 1663 1707
England Pound Sterling (England) Crown (Pattern) 1663 1663
England Pound Sterling (England) Two Guineas (16.77 - 17.07 g gold) 1664 1707
Great Britain Pound Sterling (Great Britain) Halfpenny (Pattern) 1707 1799
Great Britain Pound Sterling (Great Britain) Farthing 1707 1799
United Kingdom Pound Sterling (pre-decimal) Half Guinea 1801 1813
United Kingdom Pound Sterling (pre-decimal) Third Guinea 1801 1813
United Kingdom Pound Sterling (pre-decimal) Crown 1801 1965
United Kingdom Pound Sterling (pre-decimal) Penny (Pre-decimal) 1806 1970
United Kingdom Pound Sterling (pre-decimal) Halfpenny (Pre-decimal) 1806 1970
United Kingdom Pound Sterling (pre-decimal) Farthing 1806 1956
United Kingdom Pound Sterling (pre-decimal) Guinea 1813 1813
United Kingdom Pound Sterling (pre-decimal) Halfcrown 1816 1970
United Kingdom Pound Sterling (pre-decimal) Shilling 1816 1970
United Kingdom Pound Sterling (pre-decimal) Sixpence 1816 1970
United Kingdom Pound Sterling (pre-decimal) Maundy Fourpence (Pre-decimal) 1817 1970
United Kingdom Pound Sterling (pre-decimal) Maundy Threepence (Pre-decimal) 1817 1970
United Kingdom Pound Sterling (pre-decimal) Maundy Twopence (Pre-decimal) 1817 1970
United Kingdom Pound Sterling (pre-decimal) Maundy Penny (Pre-decimal) 1817 1970
United Kingdom Pound Sterling (pre-decimal) Sovereign (Pre-Decimal) 1817 1968
United Kingdom Pound Sterling (pre-decimal) Half Sovereign (Pre-decimal) 1817 1953
United Kingdom Pound Sterling (pre-decimal) Crown (Pattern) 1817 1817
United Kingdom Pound Sterling (pre-decimal) Twopence (Circulating) 1817 1848
Ionian Islands Ionian Obol Two Oboli 1819 1819
Ionian Islands Ionian Obol Two Lepta 1819 1820
United Kingdom Pound Sterling (pre-decimal) Five Sovereigns (Pre-decimal) 1820 1937
United Kingdom Pound Sterling (pre-decimal) Double Sovereign (Pre-decimal) 1820 1937
Ionian Islands Ionian Obol One Lepton 1821 1862
United Kingdom Pound Sterling (pre-decimal) Third Farthing 1827 1913
United Kingdom Pound Sterling (pre-decimal) Half Farthing 1828 1868
Ionian Islands Ionian Obol Thirty Lepta 1834 1862
United Kingdom Pound Sterling (pre-decimal) Threepence, Circulating 1834 1970
United Kingdom Pound Sterling (pre-decimal) Three Halfpence 1834 1870
United Kingdom Pound Sterling (pre-decimal) Fourpence 1836 1888
United Kingdom Pound Sterling (pre-decimal) Quarter Farthing 1839 1868
United Kingdom Pound Sterling (pre-decimal) Florin (Two Shillings) 1848 1970
United Kingdom Pound Sterling (pre-decimal) Decade and Florin (Pattern) 1848 1926
United Kingdom Pound Sterling (pre-decimal) Quarter Sovereign (Pre-decimal pattern) 1853 1853
United Kingdom Pound Sterling (pre-decimal) Twopence (Pattern) 1859 1859
United Kingdom Pound Sterling (pre-decimal) Penny (Pattern) 1859 1894
United Kingdom Pound Sterling (pre-decimal) Halfpenny (Pattern) 1859 1859
British Honduras British Honduras Dollar One Cent 1885 1973
United Kingdom Pound Sterling (pre-decimal) Double Florin 1887 1890
British Honduras British Honduras Dollar Fifty Cents 1894 1971
British Honduras British Honduras Dollar Twenty Five Cents 1894 1973
British Honduras British Honduras Dollar Ten Cents 1894 1970
British Honduras British Honduras Dollar Five Cents 1894 1973
British West Africa British West African Pound One Penny 1907 1958
British West Africa British West African Pound One-tenth Penny 1907 1957
Australia Australian Pound Florin (Pattern) 1909 1909
British West Africa British West African Pound Halfpenny 1911 1952
British West Africa British West African Pound Two Shillings 1913 1952
British West Africa British West African Pound One Shilling 1913 1952
British West Africa British West African Pound Sixpence 1913 1952
British West Africa British West African Pound Threepence 1913 1957
United Kingdom Pound Sterling (pre-decimal) Sixpence (Pattern) 1926 1926
Palestine (British Mandate) Palestine Pound One Hundred Mils 1927 1942
Palestine (British Mandate) Palestine Pound Fifty Mils 1927 1942
Palestine (British Mandate) Palestine Pound Twenty Mils 1927 1944
Palestine (British Mandate) Palestine Pound Ten Mils 1927 1947
Palestine (British Mandate) Palestine Pound Five Mils 1927 1947
Palestine (British Mandate) Palestine Pound Two Mils 1927 1947
Palestine (British Mandate) Palestine Pound One Mil 1927 1947
New Zealand New Zealand Pound Half Crown 1933 1965
New Zealand New Zealand Pound Florin 1933 1965
New Zealand New Zealand Pound Shilling 1933 1965
New Zealand New Zealand Pound Sixpence 1933 1965
New Zealand New Zealand Pound Threepence 1933 1965
Fiji Fijian Pound Florin 1934 1965
Fiji Fijian Pound Shilling 1934 1965
Fiji Fijian Pound Sixpence 1934 1967
Fiji Fijian Pound Penny 1934 1968
Fiji Fijian Pound Halfpenny 1934 1954
New Zealand New Zealand Pound Crown 1935 1953
United Kingdom Pound Sterling (pre-decimal) Threepence (Pattern) 1937 1937
United Kingdom Pound Sterling (pre-decimal) Farthing (Pattern) 1937 1937
New Zealand New Zealand Pound Penny 1940 1965
New Zealand New Zealand Pound Halfpenny 1940 1965
Fiji Fijian Pound Threepence 1947 1967
Nigeria Nigerian Pound Two Shillings 1959 1959
Nigeria Nigerian Pound Shilling 1959 1962
Nigeria Nigerian Pound Sixpence 1959 1959
Nigeria Nigerian Pound Threepence 1959 1959
Nigeria Nigerian Pound One Penny 1959 1959
Nigeria Nigerian Pound Halfpenny 1959 1959
Bahrain Bahraini Dinar One Hundred Fils 1965 present
Bahrain Bahraini Dinar Fifty Fils 1965 present
Bahrain Bahraini Dinar Twenty Five Fils 1965 present
Bahrain Bahraini Dinar Ten Fils 1965 present
Bahrain Bahraini Dinar Five Fils 1965 present
Bahrain Bahraini Dinar One Fils 1965 1966
New Zealand New Zealand Dollar Two Cents 1967 1988
New Zealand New Zealand Dollar One Cent 1967 1988
Bahrain Bahraini Dinar Five Hundred Fils (Silver) 1968 present
Bahrain Bahraini Dinar Ten Dinars 1968 present
United Kingdom Pound Sterling Ten Pence 1968 present
United Kingdom Pound Sterling Five Pence 1968 present
Showing 1 to 100 of 194 coin types.
Coins struck by: Royal Mint (6,504)
CountryYearNameMintageMint Mark
England 1485 Angel of King Henry VII, 1485 - 1509 unknown No mint mark
England 1509 Angel of King Henry VIII, 1509 - 1547 unknown No mint mark
England 1604 Unite of King James I, Second Bust, 1604 - 1606 unknown No mint mark
England 1605 Unite of King James I, Fourth Bust, 1605 - 1615 unknown No mint mark
England 1613 Unite of King James I, Fifth Bust, 1613 - 1619 unknown No mint mark
England 1613 Gold Crown of King James I, 1613 - 1619 unknown No mint mark
England 1625 Unite of King Charles I, 1625 - 1642 unknown No mint mark
England 1662 Broad 1662 King Charles II 3,400 No mint mark
England 1663 Guinea 1663 King Charles II, First Bust unknown No mint mark
England 1663 Guinea 1663 King Charles II, Second Bust unknown No mint mark
England 1663 Petition Crown 1663 12 No mint mark
England 1663 Reddite Crown 1663 12 No mint mark
England 1664 Two Guineas 1664 King Charles II unknown No mint mark
England 1664 Guinea 1664 King Charles II, Second Bust unknown No mint mark
England 1664 Guinea 1664 King Charles II, Third Bust unknown No mint mark
England 1665 Two Guineas 1665 King Charles II unknown No mint mark
England 1665 Guinea 1665 King Charles II unknown No mint mark
England 1666 Two Guineas 1666 King Charles II unknown No mint mark
England 1666 Guinea 1666 King Charles II unknown No mint mark
England 1667 Guinea 1667 King Charles II unknown No mint mark
England 1668 Guinea 1668 King Charles II unknown No mint mark
England 1669 Guinea 1669 King Charles II unknown No mint mark
England 1670 Guinea 1670 King Charles II unknown No mint mark
England 1671 Two Guineas 1671 King Charles II unknown No mint mark
England 1671 Guinea 1671 King Charles II unknown No mint mark
England 1672 Guinea 1672 King Charles II, Third Bust unknown No mint mark
England 1672 Guinea 1672 King Charles II, Fourth Bust unknown No mint mark
England 1673 Two Guineas 1673 King Charles II unknown No mint mark
England 1673 Guinea 1673 King Charles II, Third Bust unknown No mint mark
England 1673 Guinea 1673 King Charles II, Fourth Bust unknown No mint mark
England 1674 Guinea 1674 King Charles II unknown No mint mark
England 1675 Two Guineas 1675 King Charles II unknown No mint mark
England 1675 Guinea 1675 King Charles II unknown No mint mark
England 1676 Two Guineas 1676 King Charles II unknown No mint mark
England 1676 Guinea 1676 King Charles II unknown No mint mark
England 1677 Two Guineas 1677 King Charles II unknown No mint mark
England 1677 Guinea 1677 King Charles II unknown No mint mark
England 1678 Two Guineas 1678 King Charles II unknown No mint mark
England 1678 Guinea 1678 King Charles II unknown No mint mark
England 1679 Two Guineas 1679 King Charles II unknown No mint mark
England 1679 Guinea 1679 King Charles II unknown No mint mark
England 1680 Two Guineas 1680 King Charles II unknown No mint mark
England 1680 Guinea 1680 King Charles II unknown No mint mark
England 1681 Two Guineas 1681 King Charles II unknown No mint mark
England 1681 Guinea 1681 King Charles II unknown No mint mark
England 1682 Two Guineas 1682 King Charles II unknown No mint mark
England 1682 Guinea 1682 King Charles II unknown No mint mark
England 1683 Two Guineas 1683 King Charles II unknown No mint mark
England 1683 Guinea 1683 King Charles II unknown No mint mark
England 1684 Two Guineas 1684 King Charles II unknown No mint mark
England 1684 Guinea 1684 King Charles II unknown No mint mark
Great Britain 1707 Halfpenny 1707 (Pattern) unknown No mint mark
Ireland, Kingdom of 1723 One Farthing 1723 unknown No mint mark
Isle of Man 1733 One Penny 1733 60,000 No mint mark
Isle of Man 1733 Half Penny 1733 96,000 No mint mark
Isle of Man 1786 Half Penny 1786 unknown No mint mark
United Kingdom 1801 Half Guinea 1801 unknown No mint mark
United Kingdom 1801 Third Guinea 1801 unknown No mint mark
United Kingdom 1802 Half Guinea 1802 unknown No mint mark
United Kingdom 1802 Third Guinea 1802 unknown No mint mark
United Kingdom 1803 Half Guinea 1803 unknown No mint mark
United Kingdom 1803 Third Guinea 1803 unknown No mint mark
United Kingdom 1804 Half Guinea 1804 unknown No mint mark
United Kingdom 1804 Third Guinea 1804 unknown No mint mark
United Kingdom 1805 Half Guinea 1805 unknown No mint mark
United Kingdom 1806 Half Guinea 1806 unknown No mint mark
United Kingdom 1806 Third Guinea 1806 unknown No mint mark
United Kingdom 1808 Half Guinea 1808 unknown No mint mark
United Kingdom 1808 Third Guinea 1808 unknown No mint mark
United Kingdom 1809 Half Guinea 1809 unknown No mint mark
United Kingdom 1809 Third Guinea 1809 unknown No mint mark
United Kingdom 1810 Half Guinea 1810 unknown No mint mark
United Kingdom 1810 Third Guinea 1810 unknown No mint mark
United Kingdom 1811 Half Guinea 1811 unknown No mint mark
United Kingdom 1811 Third Guinea 1811 unknown No mint mark
United Kingdom 1813 Guinea 1813 unknown No mint mark
United Kingdom 1813 Half Guinea 1813 unknown No mint mark
United Kingdom 1813 Third Guinea 1813 unknown No mint mark
British Guiana 1816 Quarter Guilder 1816 unknown No mint mark
United Kingdom 1816 Halfcrown 1816 unknown No mint mark
United Kingdom 1816 Shilling 1816 unknown No mint mark
United Kingdom 1816 Sixpence 1816 unknown No mint mark
United Kingdom 1817 Fourpence 1817 (Maundy) 1,386 No mint mark
United Kingdom 1817 Threepence 1817 (Maundy) 1,584 No mint mark
United Kingdom 1817 Twopence 1817 (Maundy) 2,376 No mint mark
United Kingdom 1817 Penny 1817 (Maundy) 10,000 No mint mark
United Kingdom 1817 Sovereign 1817 3,235,239 No mint mark
United Kingdom 1817 Half Sovereign 1817 2,080,197 No mint mark
United Kingdom 1817 Halfcrown 1817 Large Head 8,092,656 No mint mark
United Kingdom 1817 Halfcrown 1817 Small Head 8,092,656 No mint mark
United Kingdom 1817 Shilling 1817 23,031,360 No mint mark
United Kingdom 1817 Sixpence 1817 10,921,680 No mint mark
United Kingdom 1817 Crown Pattern 1817 The Three Graces unknown No mint mark
United Kingdom 1817 Threepence 1817 (Circulating) unknown No mint mark
United Kingdom 1817 Twopence 1817 (Circulating) unknown No mint mark
United Kingdom 1817 Penny 1817 (Silver, circulating) unknown No mint mark
United Kingdom 1818 Fourpence 1818 (Maundy) 1,188 No mint mark
United Kingdom 1818 Threepence 1818 (Maundy) 1,584 No mint mark
United Kingdom 1818 Twopence 1818 (Maundy) 2,376 No mint mark
United Kingdom 1818 Penny 1818 (Maundy) 9,504 No mint mark
Showing 1 to 100 of 6,504 coins.
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Royal Mint: Details
From Year886
CountryUnited Kingdom
LocationLlantrisant, Wales
Web(official site)
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Mint Marks used by: Royal Mint
Letter B

Between 1968 and 1970, the Royal Mint struck coins for Switzerland to supplement the capacity of Swissmint in a period when much of Swiss currency was being changed from silver to copper-nickel. Consistent with Royal Mint tradition, these coins had no mint mark. However, according to some sources there was an exception in 1969 when some 1 Franc coins were struck by the Royal Mint but carrying Swissmint's mark B. For additional information and detailed discussion, see (in German):

[Article] Ruedi Kunzmann: "Die Silbermünzenkrise der Schweiz von 1968 und die Tätigkeit der Royal Mint, London". In: Schweizer Münzblätter. Vol. 50, Nº 200, 2000, ISSN 0016-5565, p. 68-72. [PDF]

Letters PL

Letters PL (abbreviated from "Percussa Londinio" in Latin, meaning "struck at London").

Located:
- after the word PENNY on the reverse of Australian One Penny coins
- above the date on Australian Sixpence coins
- above the the words THREE PENCE, in the folds of the ribbon of the "stalks of grain" Australian threepence coins

No mint mark

With very few exceptions, coins minted by the Royal Mint do not have a mint mark.

R.M.R

The Royal Mint Refinery marque is used by the Royal Mint on its range of bullion products which are not legal tender.

Royal Mint Logo

On its bullion products, the Royal Mint uses its full logo as a mint mark.