Gold Ounce 2010 Libertad, Coin from Mexico - detailed information

Gold Ounce 2010 Libertad, Coin from Mexico
CoinGold Ounce 2010 Libertad

La Casa de Moneda de México (the Mexican Mint) was established in 1535 and is the oldest mint in the Americas. Apart from manufacturing all the circulation coinage for Mexico, the mint also strikes coins in the internationally popular one ounce of gold format. The best known of these is the Libertad series of bullion coins, which has been issued in a number of sizes in gold since 1981 and in silver 1982.

The Libertad gold ounce (onza in Spanish) was one of the first formats introduced in 1981. The obverse of the coin depicts the Coat of Arms of Mexico: a Mexican golden eagle perched on a prickly pear cactus, devouring a rattlesnake. The reverse design is based on the 1921 gold Centenario, a coin issued to mark the centennial of Mexican independence (Libertad means Liberty in Spanish); it depicts the winged Nike (Victory, or Victoria in Spanish) - the statue which tops The Angel of Independence monument in Mexico City (built in 1910); in the background the volcanoes Popocatépetl and Iztaccihuatl are seen.

Libertad coins do not have a fixed face value; they are accepted as currency and guaranteed by Banco de México based on the market value of their precious metal content (similarly to the South African Krugerrand).

MintMexican Mint Mint MarkMo Total Mintage4,600
Obverse
Mexico / Gold Ounce 2010 Libertad - obverse photo

The obverse of the coin shows at its centre the Coat of Arms of Mexico, which depicts a Mexican (golden) eagle perched on a prickly pear cactus, facing left, devouring a rattlesnake. The cactus is on a pedestal immersed in the Aztec symbol for water. Below, a wreath of oak and laurel leaves tied at its centre with a ribbon representing the flag of Mexico.

The design is rooted in the legend that the Aztec people would know where to build their city once they saw an eagle eating a snake on top of a lake. To the people of Tenochtitlan (the pre-European capital), this symbol had strong religious connotations, and to the Europeans it came to symbolise the triumph of good over evil (with the snake sometimes representative of the serpent in the Garden of Eden).

Around above, the legend ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS, meaning United Mexican States in Spanish - which is the full official name of Mexico.

Within a plain border, surrounding the Coat of Arms and the inscription is a wide rim in which there are ten more depictions of the Coat of Arms of Mexico, illustrating the different styles it had throughout its history (the oldest depicted on top is the prototype of the symbol as seen in the 1541 Codex Mendoza, then in chronological order clockwise).

Obverse Inscription ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Reverse
Mexico / Gold Ounce 2010 Libertad - reverse photo

The reverse of the coin shows at its centre the statue of Nike (the Greek goddess of Victory, in Spanish: Victoria) from the Angel of Independence monument in Mexico City - commonly known simply as The Angel. She is represented as a young bare-breasted winged woman holding a laurel wreath in her outstretched right hand, and a broken chain (a symbol of freedom) in her left hand. Visible below the figure is the pedestal which tops the monument.

The volcanoes Popocatépetl and Iztaccihuatl can be seen in the background.

Around above, interrupted by the wings of the angel, the inscription 1 ONZA ORO PURO 2010 LEY .999 (one troy ounce of pure gold with purity 99.9%, issued in 2010).

The Mo mint mark of the Mexican Mint (large letter M above which a small o) is in the upper right field.

The rim is plain.

Reverse Inscription 1 ONZA ORO PURO 2010 LEY .999
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

Mintage comprised of 4,000 bullion coins plus 600 proofs.

See also

Coins in the Libertad bullion range issued in 2010 include:
- 1 oz Gold (1 Onza Oro Puro), Libertad 2010
- 1/2 oz Gold (1/2 Onza Oro Puro), Libertad 2010
- 1/4 oz Gold (1/4 Onza Oro Puro), Libertad 2010
- 1/10 oz Gold (1/10 Onza Oro Puro), Libertad 2010
- 1/20 oz Gold (1/20 Onza Oro Puro), Libertad 2010
- 1 kg Silver (1 kg Plata Pura), Libertad 2010
- 5 oz Silver (5 Onzas Plata Pura), Libertad 2010

Gold Ounce 2010 Libertad: Known varieties
Variety Proof
Mintage Issued: 600 (included in total)
In Set Libertad Serie Oro / Acabado Espejo / 2010 (Libertad Gold Series - Proof), mintage 500
5 coins: 1 Onza Oro, 1/2 Onza Oro, 1/4 Onza Oro, 1/10 Onza Oro, 1/20 Onza Oro
All (27) coins of type: Gold Ounce (1 oz)
Coin NameMintageSymbolLegend
Gold Ounce 1981 Libertad 596,000 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Ounce 1991 Libertad 109,193 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Ounce 1992 Libertad 46,281 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Ounce 1993 Libertad 73,881 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Ounce 1994 Libertad 1,000 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Ounce 2000 Libertad 2,370 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Ounce 2002 Libertad 15,000 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Ounce 2003 Libertad 500 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Ounce 2004 Libertad 3,000 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Ounce 2005 Libertad 3,250 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Ounce 2006 Libertad 4,520 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Ounce 2007 Libertad 3,000 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Ounce 2008 Libertad 1,300 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Ounce 2009 Libertad 6,800 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Ounce 2010 Libertad 4,600 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Ounce 2011 Libertad 4,100 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Ounce 2012 Libertad 3,000 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Ounce 2013 Libertad 2,750 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Ounce 2014 Libertad 4,300 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Ounce 2015 Libertad 5,300 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Ounce 2016 Libertad 6,200 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Ounce 2017 Libertad 1,500 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Ounce 2018 Libertad 4,050 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Ounce 2019 Libertad 3,250 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Ounce 2020 Libertad 1,600 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Ounce 2021 Libertad 2,050 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
Gold Ounce 2022 Libertad 3,700 Coat of Arms of Mexico ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS
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Gold Ounce 2010 Libertad: Details
CountryMexico
CurrencyMexican Peso (New)
Coin TypeGold Ounce Libertad
Issued2010
SymbolCoat of Arms of Mexico
Face Value(varies) (x Peso)
Total Mintage4,600
CurrentYes
Material0.999 Gold
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationCoin Alignment (Axis 6)
Size34.500 mm
Thickness2.500 mm
Mass31.1035 g
OCC IDAPVZ-OYRC-QAVD-ELMD
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Gold Ounce 2010 Libertad: Photos
ImageDetails
2010 Mexico 1 oz Gold Libertad BU
Copyright: APMEX
Source
2010 Mexico 1 oz Gold Libertad BU
Copyright: APMEX
Source
Gold Ounce 2010 Libertad: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsMexico KM# 675