Ceylon (now named Sri Lanka) is an island country in South Asia, located about 31 kilometres off the southern coast of India.
During the Napoleonic Wars, Great Britain, fearing that French control of the Netherlands might deliver Sri Lanka to the French, occupied the coastal areas of the island (which they called Ceylon) with little difficulty in 1796. In 1802 by the Treaty of Amiens the Dutch part of the island was ceded to Britain, and became a crown colony.
After the Kandyan Wars and the signing of the Kandyan Convention in 1815 the island recognized the King of England as the King of Kandy, hence the British Monarch. This ended 2357 years of Sri Lankan monarchy. The Monarchs of Ceylon lasted from 1815 to 1972.
Between 1948 and 1972, Ceylon (Sinhala: ලංකා ඩොමීනියන් රාජ්යය Lanka Dominian Rajyaya) was a Dominion in the Commonwealth of Nations. In 1948, British Ceylon was granted independence as Ceylon. In 1972, Ceylon became a republic within the Commonwealth, and its name was changed to Sri Lanka.
|Reign / Rule||From||To||Coins Issued|
|King George III||10 March 1815||29 January 1820|
|King George IV||29 January 1820||26 June 1830|
|King William IV||26 June 1830||20 June 1837|
|Queen Victoria||20 June 1837||22 January 1901|
|King Edward VII||22 January 1901||6 May 1910|
|King George V||6 May 1910||20 January 1936|
|King Edward VIII||20 January 1936||11 December 1936|
|King George VI||11 December 1936||6 February 1952||1|
|Queen Elizabeth II||6 February 1952||22 May 1972|