The Lordship of Ireland (Irish: Tiarnas na hÉireann), sometimes referred to retroactively as Norman Ireland, was a period of feudal rule in Ireland between 1177 and 1542 under the King of England, styled as Lord of Ireland. The lordship was created as a Papal possession following the Norman invasion of Ireland in 1169 - 1171. As the lord of Ireland was also the king of England, he was represented locally by a governor, styled between 1660 - 1922 as the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
Ostensibly, the lordship extended throughout all of Ireland. However, in reality, the king's rule only ever extended to parts of the island. Areas under English rule expanded and retreated over time. Many areas remained separate and outside English rule until the 16th century.
The fluid political situation and feudal system allowed a significant amount of practical autonomy for the Hiberno-Norman nobility, who carved earldoms out for themselves and had almost as much authority as some of the native Gaelic kings. The period was brought to a close by the creation of the Kingdom of Ireland in 1542.
|Reign / Rule||From||To||Coins Issued|
|King John, Lord of Ireland||May 1177||19 October 1216|
|King Henry III, Lord of Ireland||19 October 1216||16 November 1272|
|King Edward I, Lord of Ireland||16 November 1272||7 July 1307|
|King Edward II, Lord of Ireland||7 July 1307||25 January 1327|
|King Edward III, Lord of Ireland||25 January 1327||21 June 1377|
|King Richard II, Lord of Ireland||21 June 1377||30 September 1399|
|King Henry IV, Lord of Ireland||30 September 1399||20 March 1413|
|King Henry V, Lord of Ireland||20 March 1413||31 August 1422|
|King Henry VI, Lord of Ireland (first reign)||31 August 1422||4 March 1461|
|King Edward IV, Lord of Ireland (first reign)||4 March 1461||3 October 1470|
|King Henry VI, Lord of Ireland (second reign)||3 October 1470||11 April 1471|
|King Edward IV, Lord of Ireland (second reign)||11 April 1471||9 April 1483|
|King Edward V, Lord of Ireland||9 April 1483||26 June 1483|
|King Richard III, Lord of Ireland||26 June 1483||22 August 1485|
|King Henry VII, Lord of Ireland||22 August 1485||21 April 1509|
|King Henry VIII, Lord of Ireland||21 April 1509||15 February 1542|