Information about effigy: Liberty, Mercury

Liberty, Mercury
United States / One Dime 1940 Mercury

This portrait of Miss Liberty was developed for the so-called "Mercury dime" - a ten-cent coin struck for circulation by the United States Mint from late 1916 to 1945. Designed by Adolph Weinman and also referred to as the Winged Liberty Head dime, it gained its common name because of the obverse depiction of a young Liberty - identifiable by her winged Phrygian cap - was confused with the Roman god Mercury.

By 1916, the dime, quarter, and half dollar designed by Mint Chief Engraver Charles E. Barber had been struck for 25 years, and could be replaced by the Treasury, of which the Mint is a part, without Congressional authorisation. Mint officials were under the misapprehension that the designs had to be changed, and held a competition among three sculptors, in which Barber, who had been in his position for 36 years, also took part. Weinman's designs for the dime and half dollar were selected.

Weinman's portrait depicts Miss Liberty with a wreath of tight curls, wearing a traditional pileus, or Liberty cap; the depiction of the pileus as a winged cap has provoked comparisons with Roman Republic denarii. Weinman wrote that he considered the winged cap to be a symbol of "liberty of thought".

The coin continued to be minted until 1945, when the Treasury ordered that a new design, featuring recently deceased president Franklin Roosevelt, take its place. The Mercury dime was minted again but in gold for its centenary in 2016.

The design is now used on the obverse of the American Palladium Eagle.

Liberty, Mercury - Example/s on coins
United States / One Dime 1940 Mercury

Liberty Head (Mercury) on a 1940 Dime

United States / One Dime 1940 Mercury

The "Mercury" type of depiction of Miss Liberty was created for the one dime denomination, issued in 90% silver between 1916 and 1945.

Liberty, Mercury - showing 27 of 27 coins
NameMintageLegend
One Dime 1916 Mercury 32,894,080 LIBERTY IN · GOD WE · TRUST 1916
One Dime 1917 Mercury 91,962,000 LIBERTY IN · GOD WE · TRUST 1917
One Dime 1918 Mercury 68,654,800 LIBERTY IN · GOD WE · TRUST 1918
One Dime 1919 Mercury 54,529,000 LIBERTY IN · GOD WE · TRUST 1919
One Dime 1920 Mercury 92,021,000 LIBERTY IN · GOD WE · TRUST 1920
One Dime 1921 Mercury 2,310,000 LIBERTY IN · GOD WE · TRUST 1921
One Dime 1923 Mercury 56,570,000 LIBERTY IN · GOD WE · TRUST 1923
One Dime 1924 Mercury 37,940,000 LIBERTY IN · GOD WE · TRUST 1924
One Dime 1925 Mercury 36,577,000 LIBERTY IN · GOD WE · TRUST 1925
One Dime 1926 Mercury 40,508,000 LIBERTY IN · GOD WE · TRUST 1926
One Dime 1927 Mercury 37,662,000 LIBERTY IN · GOD WE · TRUST 1927
One Dime 1928 Mercury 31,041,000 LIBERTY IN · GOD WE · TRUST 1928
One Dime 1929 Mercury 35,734,000 LIBERTY IN · GOD WE · TRUST 1929
One Dime 1930 Mercury 8,613,000 LIBERTY IN · GOD WE · TRUST 1930
One Dime 1931 Mercury 6,210,000 LIBERTY IN · GOD WE · TRUST 1931
One Dime 1934 Mercury 30,852,000 LIBERTY IN · GOD WE · TRUST 1934
One Dime 1935 Mercury 85,147,000 LIBERTY IN · GOD WE · TRUST 1935
One Dime 1936 Mercury 112,850,260 LIBERTY IN · GOD WE · TRUST 1936
One Dime 1937 Mercury 80,757,512 LIBERTY IN · GOD WE · TRUST 1937
One Dime 1938 Mercury 35,834,456 LIBERTY IN · GOD WE · TRUST 1938
One Dime 1939 Mercury 102,692,642 LIBERTY IN · GOD WE · TRUST 1939
One Dime 1940 Mercury 108,131,654 LIBERTY IN · GOD WE · TRUST 1940
One Dime 1941 Mercury 263,847,114 LIBERTY IN · GOD WE · TRUST 1941
One Dime 1942 Mercury 315,494,658 LIBERTY IN · GOD WE · TRUST 1942
One Dime 1943 Mercury 324,059,000 LIBERTY IN · GOD WE · TRUST 1943
One Dime 1944 Mercury 343,124,000 LIBERTY IN · GOD WE · TRUST 1944
One Dime 1945 Mercury 241,295,000 LIBERTY IN · GOD WE · TRUST 1945
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Royal Mint
Royal Mint
Liberty, Mercury: Details
Year1916
CountryUnited States
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Liberty, Portrait
From 1793