Information about effigy: Imperial Crown - St Edward's Crown and the Tudor Crown

Imperial Crown - St Edward's Crown and the Tudor Crown
Australia / Two Dollars 2013 Coronation (Purple)

St Edward's Crown is named after Saint Edward the Confessor, one of the last Anglo-Saxon kings of England (1042 - 5 January 1066). It has traditionally been used to crown English and British monarchs at their coronations since the 13th century (with a two-century gap between 1689 and 1911).

The Tudor Crown, also known as Henry VIII's Crown, was the state crown of English monarchs from around the time of King Henry VIII until it was destroyed during the Civil War in 1649. It was described by the art historian Sir Roy Strong as "a masterpiece of early Tudor jeweller's art", and its form has been compared to the crown of the Holy Roman Empire.

The heraldic depictions of the Royal Crown have undergone many changes in their form and enrichment, and have alternated between representing St Edward's Crown and the Tudor Crown. On coinage, the royal crown is used to mark symbols related to the British monarchy - for example, to crown the monarch's monogram, or the value on some denominations.The symbol is used mostly on coinage of the United Kingdom, but also on colonial (British Empire) and Commonwealth coinage as well - such as the Australian sovereign series.

The crown began to assume its present form in the reign of King Henry V. Henry V's crown consisted of a jewelled circlet heightened by four crosses pattée alternating with eight fleurs-de-lis in pairs, and two arches springing from behind the crosses and supporting at the top a mound and cross (similar to an orb). In some reigns additional arches were used, and the number of crosses pattée and fleurs-de-lis was varied. By the reign of King Charles I the royal crown was depicted similarly to the Tudor crown which had four crosses pattée alternating with four fleurs-de-lis, and also four arches rising almost to a point, the arches being studded with pearls. After the restoration of the monarchy, King Charles II based the royal crown on the new St Edward's Crown, which had four crosses pattée alternating with four fleurs-de-lis, but the number of arches was reduced to two and the curvature of the arches being depressed at the point of intersection. On this pattern the royal crown was depicted until the second half of the reign of Queen Victoria.

While various crown symbols had been used for this purpose for many years previously, in 1880 after Queen Victoria became Empress of India it was felt that the heraldic crown should be given an imperial form (it was now the Imperial Crown), and this was effected by making the arches semi-circular joined at the top with the mound and cross. The new design was never intended to represent any actual physical crown and its depiction was never officially standardised at the time, although in shape it bears a close resemblance to both the Imperial State Crown and the small diamond crown of Queen Victoria. As a result of this change the depiction of the crown was very much "at the mercy" of the artist and many variants emerged. After the accession of King Edward VII the War Office raised the issue of a standardised design for use by the army. The king decided on the "Tudor" or "imperial" crown design, and henceforth only this depiction of the crown was used.

In 1952 Queen Elizabeth II requested the design be replaced with a representation of the St Edward's Crown which she wore at her coronation. Many, though not all, of the derived designs around the world were updated to match. Maundy coinage for example was not updated, and continued with the 1880 design depicting the Tudor crown (rounded on top, without the depressions of St Edward's crown).

Following the death of Queen Elizabeth II, the design of King Charles III's royal cypher was announced on 27 September 2022, which featured the Tudor crown rather than the St Edward’s Crown. According to the College of Arms, this depiction would henceforth be used in representations of the Royal Arms, badges and military uniforms. It is also represented on coinage depicting the King's royal cypher, and features on his crowned effigy.

Imperial Crown - St Edward's Crown and the Tudor Crown - Example/s on coins
Australia / Two Dollars 2013 Coronation (Purple)

St Edwards Crown on Australian $2

Australia / Two Dollars 2013 Coronation (Purple)

St Edwards Crown is the central motif of the second Australian coloured circulation coin, marking the 60th anniversary of the Coronation of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.

Imperial Crown - St Edward's Crown and the Tudor Crown - showing 100 of 1,423 coins (Page 1 of 15)
CountryNameMintageLegend
United Kingdom Twopence 1817 (Maundy) 2,376 GEORGIVS III DEI GRATIA 1817
United Kingdom Threepence 1817 (Maundy) 1,584 GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA 1817
United Kingdom Penny 1817 (Maundy) 10,000 GEORGIVS III DEI GRATIA 1817
United Kingdom Fourpence 1817 (Maundy) 1,386 GEORGIVS III DEI GRATIA 1817
United Kingdom Threepence 1817 (Circulating) unknown GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA 1817
United Kingdom Threepence 1818 (Circulating) unknown GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA 1818
United Kingdom Threepence 1818 (Maundy) 1,584 GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA 1818
United Kingdom Penny 1818 (Maundy) 9,504 GEORGIVS III DEI GRATIA 1818
United Kingdom Twopence 1818 (Maundy) 2,376 GEORGIVS III DEI GRATIA 1818
United Kingdom Fourpence 1818 (Maundy) 1,188 GEORGIVS III DEI GRATIA 1818
United Kingdom Fourpence 1820 (Maundy) 990 GEORGIVS III DEI GRATIA 1820
United Kingdom Threepence 1820 (Maundy) 1,320 GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA 1820
United Kingdom Threepence 1820 (Circulating) unknown GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA 1820
United Kingdom Penny 1820 (Maundy) 7,920 GEORGIVS III DEI GRATIA 1820
United Kingdom Twopence 1820 (Maundy) 1,584 GEORGIVS III DEI GRATIA 1820
United Kingdom Fourpence 1822 (Maundy) 2,970 GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
United Kingdom Penny 1822 (Maundy) 12,000 GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
United Kingdom Twopence 1822 (Maundy) 5,940 GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
United Kingdom Threepence 1822 (Maundy) 3,960 GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
United Kingdom Threepence 1823 (Maundy) 2,640 GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
United Kingdom Fourpence 1823 (Maundy) 1,980 GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
United Kingdom Penny 1823 (Maundy) 13,000 GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
United Kingdom Twopence 1823 (Maundy) 3,960 GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
United Kingdom Twopence 1824 (Maundy) 3,168 GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
United Kingdom Fourpence 1824 (Maundy) 1,584 GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
United Kingdom Penny 1824 (Maundy) 9,504 GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
United Kingdom Threepence 1824 (Maundy) 2,112 GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
United Kingdom Twopence 1825 (Maundy) 3,960 GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
United Kingdom Threepence 1825 (Maundy) 3,432 GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
United Kingdom Fourpence 1825 (Maundy) 2,376 GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
United Kingdom Penny 1825 (Maundy) 8,712 GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
United Kingdom Shilling 1825 Third Issue 2,459,000 GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA · 1825 ·
United Kingdom Sixpence 1826 Third Reverse 689,040 GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA · 1826 ·
United Kingdom Fourpence 1826 (Maundy) 2,376 GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
United Kingdom Penny 1826 (Maundy) 8,712 GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
United Kingdom Threepence 1826 (Maundy) 3,432 GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
United Kingdom Shilling 1826 6,352,000 GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA · 1826 ·
United Kingdom Twopence 1826 (Maundy) 3,960 GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
United Kingdom Shilling 1827 574,000 GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA · 1827 ·
United Kingdom Twopence 1827 (Maundy) 3,960 GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
United Kingdom Threepence 1827 (Maundy) 3,168 GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
United Kingdom Fourpence 1827 (Maundy) 2,772 GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
United Kingdom Penny 1827 (Maundy) 7,920 GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
United Kingdom Sixpence 1827 166,320 GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA · 1827 ·
United Kingdom Twopence 1828 (Maundy) 3,960 GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
United Kingdom Sixpence 1828 15,840 GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA · 1828 ·
United Kingdom Fourpence 1828 (Maundy) 2,772 GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
United Kingdom Threepence 1828 (Maundy) 3,168 GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
United Kingdom Penny 1828 (Maundy) 7,920 GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
United Kingdom Fourpence 1829 (Maundy) 2,772 GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
United Kingdom Penny 1829 (Maundy) 7,920 GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
United Kingdom Shilling 1829 879,000 GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA · 1829 ·
United Kingdom Sixpence 1829 403,920 GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA · 1829 ·
United Kingdom Twopence 1829 (Maundy) 3,960 GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
United Kingdom Threepence 1829 (Maundy) 3,168 GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
United Kingdom Fourpence 1830 (Maundy) 2,772 GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
United Kingdom Threepence 1830 (Maundy) 3,168 GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
United Kingdom Penny 1830 (Maundy) 7,920 GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
United Kingdom Twopence 1830 (Maundy) 3,960 GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
United Kingdom Fourpence 1831 (Maundy) 3,564 GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Penny 1831 (Maundy) 10,000 GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Shilling 1831 (Proof only) unknown GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Threepence 1831 (Maundy) 3,960 GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Sixpence 1831 1,340,195 GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Twopence 1831 (Maundy) 4,752 GULIELMUS IIII D:G: BRITANNIAR: REX F:D:
United Kingdom Twopence 1832 (Maundy) 3,564 GULIELMUS IIII D:G: BRITANNIAR: REX F:D:
United Kingdom Penny 1832 (Maundy) 8,712 GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Fourpence 1832 (Maundy) 2,574 GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Threepence 1832 (Maundy) 2,904 GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Threepence 1833 (Maundy) 2,904 GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Penny 1833 (Maundy) 8,712 GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Fourpence 1833 (Maundy) 2,574 GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Twopence 1833 (Maundy) 3,564 GULIELMUS IIII D:G: BRITANNIAR: REX F:D:
United Kingdom Threepence 1834 (Maundy) 2,904 GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Shilling 1834 3,223,000 GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Fourpence 1834 (Maundy) 2,574 GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Threepence 1834 (Circulating) 401,016 GULIELMUS IIII D:G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Twopence 1834 (Maundy) 3,564 GULIELMUS IIII D:G: BRITANNIAR: REX F:D:
United Kingdom Three Halfpence 1834 800,000 GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Penny 1834 (Maundy) 8,712 GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Sixpence 1834 5,892,480 GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Threepence 1835 (Circulating) 491,040 GULIELMUS IIII D:G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Three Halfpence 1835 634,000 GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Shilling 1835 1,449,000 GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Fourpence 1835 (Maundy) 2,574 GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Sixpence 1835 1,555,320 GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Threepence 1835 (Maundy) 2,904 GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Penny 1835 (Maundy) 8,712 GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Twopence 1835 (Maundy) 3,564 GULIELMUS IIII D:G: BRITANNIAR: REX F:D:
United Kingdom Three Halfpence 1836 158,000 GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Threepence 1836 (Maundy) 2,904 GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Sixpence 1836 1,987,920 GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Threepence 1836 (Circulating) 411,840 GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Shilling 1836 3,568,000 GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Twopence 1836 (Maundy) 3,564 GULIELMUS IIII D:G: BRITANNIAR: REX F:D:
United Kingdom Fourpence 1836 (Maundy) 2,574 GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Penny 1836 (Maundy) 8,712 GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Threepence 1837 (Maundy) 2,904 GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Sixpence 1837 506,880 GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Twopence 1837 (Maundy) 3,564 GULIELMUS IIII D:G: BRITANNIAR: REX F:D:
Showing 1 to 100 of 1,423 Coins.
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