Peter the Great (Russian: Пётр Великий, transliterated Pyotr Velikiy), Peter I (Russian: Пётр I) or Peter Alexeyevich (Russian: Пётр Алексеевич) ruled the Tsardom of Russia and later the Russian Empire from 7 May (O.S. 27 April) 1682 until his death in 1725, jointly ruling before 1696 with his elder half-brother, Ivan V. Through a number of successful wars, he expanded the Tsardom into a much larger empire that became a major European power. He led a cultural revolution that replaced some of the traditionalist and medieval social and political systems with ones that were modern, scientific, Westernised and based on the Enlightenment. Peter's reforms made a lasting impact on Russia, and many institutions of Russian government trace their origins to his reign.
Peter implemented sweeping reforms aimed at modernizing Russia. Heavily influenced by his advisers from Western Europe, Peter reorganized the Russian army along modern lines and dreamed of making Russia a maritime power. On 22 October 1721, soon after peace was made with Sweden, he was officially proclaimed Emperor of All Russia.
His full imperial title was:
By the grace of God, the most excellent and great sovereign prince Pyotr Alekseevich the ruler of all the Russias: of Moscow, of Kiev, of Vladimir, of Novgorod, Tsar of Kazan, Tsar of Astrakhan and Tsar of Siberia, sovereign of Pskov, great prince of Smolensk, Tversk, Yugorsk, Permsky, Vyatsky, Bulgarsky and others, sovereign and great prince of Novgorod Nizovsky lands, Chernigovsky, of Ryazan, of Rostov, Yaroslavl, Belozersky, Udorsky, Kondiisky and the sovereign of all the northern lands, and the sovereign of the Iverian lands, of the Kartlian and Georgian Kings, of the Kabardin lands, of the Circassian and Mountain princes and many other states and lands western and eastern here and there and the successor and sovereign and ruler.
|Reigned as||In Country||From||To||Coins Issued|
|Царь Иван V и Царь Пётр I (Tsar Ivan V and Tsar Peter I), joint rule||Russia, Tsardom of||7 May 1682||8 February 1696|
|Царь Пётр I (Tsar Peter I), single rule||Russia, Tsardom of||8 February 1696||2 November 1721||2|
|Император Пётр Великий (Emperor Peter I the Great)||Russia, Empire of||22 October 1721||8 February 1725||2|