Information about King Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia

King Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia (24 May 1751 - 6 October 1819)

Charles Emmanuel IV (Carlo Emanuele Ferdinando Maria) was King of Sardinia from 1796 to 1802. He abdicated in favour of his brother Victor Emmanuel I. He was born in Turin, the eldest son of Victor Amadeus III, King of Sardinia and of his wife Infanta Maria Antonia Ferdinanda of Spain. From his birth to his own succession to the throne of Sardinia in 1796, Charles Emmanuel was styled "Prince of Piedmont".

At the death of his father (14 October 1796), Charles Emmanuel succeeded as King of Sardinia. The kingdom included not only the island of Sardinia, but also significant territories in northwest Italy including all of Piedmont.

At his succession to the throne in 1796, Sardinia had been forced to conclude the disadvantageous Treaty of Paris (1796) with the French Republic, giving the French army free passage through Piedmont. On December 6, 1798, the French under Joubert occupied Turin and forced Charles Emanuel to abdicate all his territories on the Italian mainland and to withdraw to the island of Sardinia, which stayed out of the reach of the French army. The following year he tried unsuccessfully to regain Piedmont. He and his wife lived in Rome and in Naples as guests of the wealthy Colonna family.

On 7 March 1802 Charles Emmanuel's wife Marie Clothilde died. He was so moved by her death that he decided to abdicate, June 4, 1802 in favour of his brother Victor Emmanuel. Charles Emmanuel retained the personal title of King. He lived in Rome and in the nearby town of Frascati.

King Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia reigned in...
Reigned asIn CountryFromToCoins Issued
Carlo Emanuele IV (King Charles Emmanuel IV) Flag of Sardinia Sardinia 16 October 1796 4 June 1802
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