Cambodia / នរោត្តម សីហនុ (King Norodom Sihanouk), second reign

Cambodia - នរោត្តម សីហនុ (King Norodom Sihanouk), second reign (24 September 1993 - 7 October 2004)

Norodom Sihanouk (Khmer: នរោត្តម សីហនុ) was a Cambodian statesman, film director, and composer who led Cambodia in various capacities throughout his long career, most often as both King and Prime Minister of Cambodia. In Cambodia, he is known as Samdech Euv (Khmer: សម្តេចឪ, meaning "King Father").

Sihanouk was the only child of Prince Norodom Suramarit and Princess Sisowath Kossamak, daughter of King Sisowath Monivong. When his grandfather Monivong died in 1941, Sihanouk became king amidst French colonial rule. After the Japanese occupation of Cambodia during World War II, he secured Cambodian independence from France in 1953. He abdicated in 1955 and was succeeded by his father, Suramarit, so as to directly participate in politics.

In 1990, the Supreme National Council of Cambodia was formed as a transitional body to oversee Cambodia's sovereign matters, with Sihanouk as its president. The 1991 Paris Peace Accords were signed and the UN Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC) was established the following year. The UNTAC organised the 1993 Cambodian general elections, and a coalition government, jointly led by his son Norodom Ranariddh and Hun Sen, was subsequently formed. Sihanouk was reinstated as Cambodia's king. He abdicated again in 2004 and the Royal Council of the Throne chose his son Sihamoni as his successor.

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នរោត្តម សីហនុ (King Norodom Sihanouk), second reign: Details
From24 September 1993
To7 October 2004
Personal Information Norodom Sihanouk
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