Papal States / Papa Pius Nonus (Pope Pius IX)

Papal States - Papa Pius Nonus (Pope Pius IX) (16 June 1846 - 20 September 1870)

Pope Pius IX (Italian: Pio), born Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti, was head of the Catholic Church from 16 June 1846 to his death on 7 February 1878. He was the longest-reigning elected pope in the history of the Catholic Church, serving for over 31 years. During his pontificate, Pius IX convened the First Vatican Council (1869–70), which decreed papal infallibility, but the council was cut short owing to the loss of the Papal States.

Europe, including the Italian peninsula, was in the midst of considerable political ferment when the bishop of Spoleto, Cardinal Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti, was elected pope. He took the name Pius, after his generous patron and the long-suffering prisoner of Napoleon, Pius VII. He had been elected by the faction of cardinals sympathetic to the political liberalization coursing across Europe, and his initial governance of the Papal States gives evidence of his own moderate sympathies; under his direction various sorts of political prisoners in the Papal States were released. A series of terrorist acts sponsored by Italian liberals and nationalists, which included the assassination of (among others) his Minister of the Interior, Pellegrino Rossi, and which forced him briefly to flee Rome in 1848, along with widespread revolutions in Europe, led to his growing skepticism towards the liberal, nationalist agenda. Through the 1850s and 1860s, Italian nationalists made military gains against the Papal States, which culminated in the seizure of the city of Rome in 1870 and the dissolution of the Papal States. Thereafter, Pius IX refused to accept the Law of Guarantees from the Italian government, which would have made the Holy See dependent on legislation that the Italian parliament could modify at any time. Pius refused to leave Vatican City, and was thereafter referred to (chiefly by himself) as the "Prisoner of the Vatican".

His Church policies towards other countries, such as Russia, Germany or France, were not always successful, owing in part to changing secular institutions and internal developments within these countries. However, concordats were concluded with numerous states, such as Austria-Hungary, Portugal, Spain, Canada, Tuscany, Ecuador, Venezuela, Honduras, El Salvador and Haiti.

Papal States - Papa Pius Nonus (Pope Pius IX): showing 36 of 36 coins
NameMintageEffigyLegend
Luigino of Pope Alexander VII unknown
One Baiocco 1851 5,706,000 PIVS.IX.PONT...
Scudo 1847 12,000 PIVS.IX.PONT...
One Baioccho 1847 unknown PIVS.IX.PON...
Ten Baiocchi 1848 unknown
Five Baiocchi 1849 938,000 PIVS.IX.PONT...
Five Baiocchi 1850 10,164,000 PIVS.IX.PONT...
Scudo 1850 9,222 PIVS.IX.PONT...
Five Baiocchi 1851 unknown PIVS.IX.PONT...
Five Baiocchi 1852 9,746,000 PIVS.IX.PONT...
Fifty Baiocchi 1853 684,000 PIVS.IX.PONT...
Scudo 1853 3,306 PIVS.IX.PON...
Five Baiocchi 1853 unknown PIVS.IX.PONT...
Ten Baiocchi 1853 41,000 PIVS.IX.PON...
Scudo 1854 146,000 PIVS.IX.PONT...
Five Baiocchi 1854 unknown PIVS.IX.PONT...
Two and a Half Scudi 1858 unknown
Twenty Baiocchi 1860 unknown PIVS IX PONT...
Scudo 1862 unknown PIVS.IX.PONT...
Ten Soldi 1866 unknown
Twenty Lire 1866 102,000
Ten Lire 1866 8,579 PIUS IX PONT. MAX. A...
One Soldo 1867 unknown PIVS.IX.PONT...
Twenty Lire 1867 57,000 PIVS IX PON
Five Lire 1867 3,787 PIVSIXPON...
Two Lire 1867 224,000 PIVS IX PON...
Two and a Half Lire 1867 257,000 PIVS IX PON...
One Lira 1867 3,876,000 PIUS IX PON. MAX. AN...
Ten Lire 1867 9,176 PIUS IX PON. MAX. A...
Twenty Lire 1868 38,000 PIVS IX PON
Two Lire 1868 530,000 PIVS IX PON...
Ten Lire 1869 unknown
Twenty Lire 1869 54,000 PIVS. IX. PON
Two Lire 1870 179,000 PIUS IX PON. M. A...
Twenty Lire 1870 unknown
Five Lire 1870 99,000 PIVS IX PONT...
Advertising
Buy American Gold Eagle Coins
Buy American Gold Eagle Coins
Papa Pius Nonus (Pope Pius IX): Details
CountryPapal States
From16 June 1846
To20 September 1870
Personal Information Pope Pius IX
Advertising (helps this site)
Buy coins at Amazon
Country Details
NamePapal States
From754
To1870
WikiSee Wikipedia page
FlagFlag of Papal States
Coat of ArmsCoat of Arms of Papal States