Spain / Carlos III (King Charles III)

Spain - Carlos III (King Charles III) (10 August 1759 - 14 December 1788)

Charles III (Spanish: Carlos; Italian: Carlo) was the King of Spain and the Spanish Indies from 1759 to 1788. He was the fifth son of Philip V of Spain, but eldest by his second wife, Elisabeth Farnese. In 1731, the 15-year-old Charles became the Duke of Parma and Piacenza, as Charles I, on the death of his childless granduncle Antonio Farnese.

In 1734, as Duke of Parma, he conquered the kingdoms of Naples and of Sicily, and was crowned king on 3 July 1735, reigning as Charles VII of Naples and Charles V of Sicily. In 1738 he married Princess Maria Amalia of Saxony, an educated, cultured woman who gave birth to 13 children, eight of whom reached adulthood. Charles and Maria Amalia resided in Naples for 19 years; she died in 1760.

Upon succeeding to the Spanish throne on 10 August 1759, Charles, a proponent of enlightened absolutism, on 6 October 1759 abdicated the Neapolitan and Sicilian thrones in favour of Ferdinand, his third surviving son, who became Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies.

As king of Spain Charles III tried to rescue his empire from decay through far-reaching reforms such as weakening the Church and its monasteries, promoting science and university research, facilitating trade and commerce, modernizing agriculture and avoiding wars. He never achieved satisfactory control over finances, and was obliged to borrow to meet expenses. His reforms proved short-lived and Spain relapsed after his death, but his legacy lives on to this day.

Spain - Carlos III (King Charles III): showing 11 of 11 coins
NameMintageEffigyLegend
Half Escudo 1771 unknown CAROLUS III <Bullet> D <Bullet> G <Bullet>
Two Escudos 1780 unknown CAROL <Bullet> III <Bullet> D <Bullet> G <Bullet> HISP <Bullet> IND <Bullet> R <Bullet>
Half Escudo 1783 unknown CAROLUS III <Bullet> D <Bullet> G <Bullet> HISP <Bullet> R <Bullet>
Two Escudos 1786 unknown CAROL <Bullet> III <Bullet> D <Bullet> G <Bullet> HISP <Bullet> ETIND <Bullet> R <Bullet>
Four Escudos 1787 unknown CAROL <Bullet> III <Bullet> D <Bullet> G <Bullet> HISP <Bullet> ET IND <Bullet> R <Bullet>
Four Escudos 1787 Seville unknown CAROL <Bullet> III <Bullet> D <Bullet> G <Bullet> HISP <Bullet> ET IND <Bullet> R <Bullet>
Two Escudos 1788 unknown CAROL <Bullet> III <Bullet> D <Bullet> G <Bullet> HISP <Bullet> ETIND <Bullet> R <Bullet>
Eight Escudos 1788 unknown CAROL <Bullet> III <Bullet> D <Bullet> G <Bullet> HISP <Bullet> ET IND <Bullet> R <Bullet>
Half Escudo 1788 Seville unknown CAROLUS III <Bullet> D <Bullet> G <Bullet> HISP <Bullet> R <Bullet>
Half Real 1788 Seville unknown CAROLUS <Bullet> III <Bullet> D : G HISP <Bullet> REX <Bullet>
Half Escudo 1788 unknown CAROLUS III <Bullet> D <Bullet> G <Bullet> HISP <Bullet> R <Bullet>
Advertising
Bullion just a click away! SilverGoldBull.com
Bullion just a click away! SilverGoldBull.com
Carlos III (King Charles III): Details
CountrySpain
From10 August 1759
To14 December 1788
Personal Information King Charles III of Spain
Advertising (helps this site)
Buy coins at Amazon
Country Details
NameSpain
From1516
WikiSee Wikipedia page
FlagFlag of Spain