Twenty Groschen, Coin Type from Austria - detailed information

Twenty Groschen, Coin Type from Austria (issued 1950 - 1954)
Coin TypeTwenty Groschen

The Twenty Groschen was worth 20/100 (one fifth) of a schilling, and was a small circulating denomination of the Austrian Schilling currency, which was restored as the currency of the Republic of Austria when the republic itself was restored after World War II in 1945. Between 1947 and 1952, coins in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, and 50 groschen; and 1, 2, and 5 schilling were introduced. The 20 groschen were struck in aluminium-bronze.

The reverse of the coin is designed by Benno Rost, and the obverse by Michael Powolny.

The denomination was short lived; there were only three issues between 1950 and 1954, after which time it was discontinued; the coins were demonetised on 30 April 1959.

Obverse
Austria / Twenty Groschen - obverse photo

Within a plain border, the obverse of the coin features the Coat of Arms of the Republic of Austria, which is an eagle with open wings, crowned with a mural crown (representing a state, and not a monarch), holding a hammer in its left foot (right from the point of view of the viewer) and a sickle in its right foot. Its feet are in shackles, but the chain between them is broken, symbolising a liberated Austria.

On the eagle's breast, the shield of Austria divided into three horizontal stripes representing the national flag, with "heraldic hatching" (thin lines) indicating the colours: red-white-red.

There is no inscription.

Obverse Inscription (none)
Reverse
Austria / Twenty Groschen - reverse photo

The reverse shows at its centre a large numeral 20 [groschen] for the value, below which the date of issue: [year].

Around the rim, the inscription REPUBLIK · ÖSTERREICH · (Republic of Austria).

Reverse Inscription 20 [year] REPUBLIK · ÖSTERREICH ·
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone
Coin Type: Twenty Groschen - (3) Coins
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Twenty Groschen: Details
CountryAustria
CurrencyAustrian Schilling
From1950
To1954
Face Value20 (x Groschen)
CurrentNo (demonetised 1959)
MaterialAluminium-Bronze
DesignerBenno Rost, Michael Powolny
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size22.0000 mm
Thickness1.7000 mm
Mass4.5000 g