One Cent, Bronze, Coin Type from South Africa - detailed information

One Cent, Bronze, Coin Type from South Africa (issued 1965 - 1989)
Coin TypeOne Cent, Bronze

The South African One Cent coin (abbreviated as 1c) was the second smallest circulating coin of the Rand currency, which was introduced in the then Union of South Africa on 14 February 1961, shortly before the establishment of the Republic on 31 May 1961. The one cent approximately replaced the earlier penny coin, which was the most popular denomination of the South African Pound.

The first type of One Cent coins was made of brass; it was replaced by this smaller bronze type in 1965. The first kind of bronze coins had a portrait of Jan van Riebeeck on the obverse and a legend in one language only; each year, two versions of the coin were issued - one in English and one in Afrikaans; this was also the case with the commemorative issue in 1968. In 1970, the obverse was changed to the Coat of Arms of South Africa with a bilingual legend.

Between 1970 and 1983, the designer's initials below the Coat of Arms were T.S. for Tommy Sasseen; the obverse was then re-engraved and between 1985 and 1989 the signature was A.L.S. for Arthur Sutherland (no signature at all in 1984).

This format of the one cent coin denomination was issued until 1989; after that, an even smaller copper-plated steel version was introduced in 1990 and issued until 2001, after which time the denomination was discontinued.

The coins have not been demonetised and are still legal tender throughout the Common Monetary Area, although in practice they do not circulate due to their low value.

Obverse
South Africa / One Cent, Bronze - obverse photo

The obverse of the coin displays the Coat of Arms of South Africa at its centre, as granted to the Union of South Africa by King George V and later amended by the British College of Arms. It contains representation of the four provinces within the Union.

The Coat of Arms features a shield quartered, each quarter a symbol of one of the four provinces of South Africa. An ox wagon represents Transvaal Province, a woman with an anchor represents Cape Province, two wildebeests represent Natal Province and an orange tree represents the Orange Free State Province. The crest of the arms features a lion holding four bound sticks. The supporters are a springbok and a gemsbok. Below the arms, the Latin motto, EX UNITATE VIRES (translated at first as "Union Is Strength", but from 1961 translated as "Unity Is Strength").

Around right, the name of the country in English: SOUTH AFRICA; around left, the name in Afrikaans: SUID-AFRIKA.

Below, the date of issue: * [year] *.

Obverse Inscription SUID-AFRIKA * SOUTH AFRICA * [year] *
Reverse
South Africa / One Cent, Bronze - reverse photo

The reverse shows at its centre two Cape sparrows (Passer melanurus) on a branch. Below the bird on the right, in small letters the initials of the designer T.S. (for Tommy Sasseen).

Above, the value and denomination 1c (one cent).

Reverse Inscription 1c
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone
Coin Type: One Cent, Bronze - (30) Coins
Coin NameMintageSymbolLegend
One Cent 1965 (English) 51,000 Jan van Riebeeck (right) SOUTH AFRICA 1965
One Cent 1965 (Afrikaans) 1,031 Jan van Riebeeck (right) SUID-AFRIKA 1965
One Cent 1966 (English) 50,157,000 Jan van Riebeeck (right) SOUTH AFRICA 1966
One Cent 1966 (Afrikaans) 50,182,000 Jan van Riebeeck (right) SUID-AFRIKA 1966
One Cent 1967 (English) 21,114,000 Jan van Riebeeck (right) SOUTH AFRICA 1967
One Cent 1967 (Afrikaans) 21,139,000 Jan van Riebeeck (right) SUID-AFRIKA 1967
One Cent 1968 Swart (English) 6,025,000 SOUTH AFRICA 1968
One Cent 1968 Swart (Afrikaans) 6,000,000 SUID-AFRIKA 1968
One Cent 1969 (English) 10,196,000 Jan van Riebeeck (right) SOUTH AFRICA 1969
One Cent 1969 (Afrikaans) 10,208,000 Jan van Riebeeck (right) SUID-AFRIKA 1969
One Cent 1970 37,082,000 Coat of Arms of South Africa, 1910 SUID-AFRIKA * SOUTH AFRICA * 1970 *
One Cent 1971 34,065,000 Coat of Arms of South Africa, 1910 SUID-AFRIKA * SOUTH AFRICA * 1971 *
One Cent 1972 35,672,000 Coat of Arms of South Africa, 1910 SUID-AFRIKA * SOUTH AFRICA * 1972 *
One Cent 1973 35,909,000 Coat of Arms of South Africa, 1910 SUID-AFRIKA * SOUTH AFRICA * 1973 *
One Cent 1974 54,955,000 Coat of Arms of South Africa, 1910 SUID-AFRIKA * SOUTH AFRICA * 1974 *
One Cent 1975 63,000,000 Coat of Arms of South Africa, 1910 SUID-AFRIKA * SOUTH AFRICA * 1975 *
One Cent 1976 Fouché 91,881,000 SUID-AFRIKA SOUTH AFRICA * 1976 *
One Cent 1977 72,463,000 Coat of Arms of South Africa, 1910 SUID-AFRIKA * SOUTH AFRICA * 1977 *
One Cent 1978 70,169,000 Coat of Arms of South Africa, 1910 SUID-AFRIKA * SOUTH AFRICA * 1978 *
One Cent 1979 Diederichs 63,447,000 SUID-AFRIKA SOUTH AFRICA * 1979 *
One Cent 1980 63,447,000 Coat of Arms of South Africa, 1910 SUID-AFRIKA * SOUTH AFRICA * 1980 *
One Cent 1981 63,454,000 Coat of Arms of South Africa, 1910 SUID-AFRIKA * SOUTH AFRICA * 1981 *
One Cent 1982 Vorster 145,966,000 SUID-AFRIKA SOUTH AFRICA * 1982 *
One Cent 1983 182,145,000 Coat of Arms of South Africa, 1910 SUID-AFRIKA * SOUTH AFRICA * 1983 *
One Cent 1984 107,166,000 Coat of Arms of South Africa, 1910 SUID-AFRIKA * SOUTH AFRICA * 1984 *
One Cent 1985 186,051,859 Coat of Arms of South Africa, 1910 SUID-AFRIKA * SOUTH AFRICA * 1985 *
One Cent 1986 169,741,000 Coat of Arms of South Africa, 1910 SUID-AFRIKA * SOUTH AFRICA * 1986 *
One Cent 1987 120,680,781 Coat of Arms of South Africa, 1910 SUID-AFRIKA * SOUTH AFRICA * 1987 *
One Cent 1988 240,279,250 Coat of Arms of South Africa, 1910 SUID-AFRIKA * SOUTH AFRICA * 1988 *
One Cent 1989 337,812,721 Coat of Arms of South Africa, 1910 SUID-AFRIKA * SOUTH AFRICA * 1989 *
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One Cent, Bronze: Details
CountrySouth Africa
CurrencyRand
Sub-type ofOne Cent
From1965
To1989
Face Value1 (x Cent)
CurrentNo; withdrawn 1990
MaterialBronze
DesignerTommy Sasseen
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size19.050 mm
Thickness1.570 mm
Mass3.000 g