One Rand, Gold, Coin Type from South Africa - detailed information

One Rand, Gold, Coin Type from South Africa (issued 1961 - 1983)
Coin TypeOne Rand, Gold

The South African gold One Rand coin (abbreviated as R 1) is a bullion coin of the Rand currency. It was introduced when the currency was decimalised in 1961 and replaced the earlier pre-decimal pound coin, retaining its design, dimensions and metal content.

All the coins of the First Decimal Series initially had the same size and specifications as the former South African pre-decimal coins they replaced. Apart from the regular circulating coins, two bullion types with denominations of 1 Rand and 2 rand were also issued, replacing respectively the South Afircan gold half-pound and pound coins introduced in 1952. Both the pound and the rand gold coins matched the specifications of the British half-sovereign and sovereign - minted, among others, at the Royal Mint branch mint in Pretoria (now the South African Mint) until 1932. The gold alloy, known as "crown gold", with a fineness of 22 carat (91.67% gold, 8.33% copper) has remained unchanged since 1526; it is appreciably less prone to wear than the softer 23 kt gold of earlier gold sovereigns.

The reverse of the gold rand coins features the well-known springbok illustration designed by Coert Steynberg for the 5-shilling coin introduced in 1948, and also used on the silver 50 cents coins.

In 1965, regular circulating R1 coins were introduced in parallel, initially silver then base metal. The gold One Rand denomination was issued until 1983 and was then discontinued in favour of the Krugerrand bullion coin series. The coins have not been demonetised though and are still legal tender; however, their intrinsic bullion value is much higher than their face value.

Obverse
South Africa / One Rand, Gold - obverse photo

The obverse features the portrait of Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck, known as Jan van Riebeeck (1619-1677), Dutch colonial administrator and founder of Cape Town and considered by many people to be the founding father of the South African nation. The designer's initials WM (for Willie Myburg) are incuse on the shoulder truncation.

Around left, the motto UNITY IS STRENGTH in English; separated from that by two decorative rosettes, around right the same in Afrikaans: EENDRAG MAAK MAG.

Obverse Inscription UNITY IS STRENGTH * EENDRAG MAAK MAG *
Reverse
South Africa / One Rand, Gold - reverse photo

The reverse shows at its centre a Springbok antelope, the national animal symbol of South Africa.

The designer's initials CLS (for Coert Laurens Steynberg) are in the right field between the letters IC of AFRICA and the ground under the Springbok.

Above, the date of issue: + [year] +.

Around left and around right, respectively the legend SOUTH AFRICA in English and SUID-AFRIKA in Afrikaans.

Around below, flanked by two rosettes, the face value and denomination * 1 R * (One Rand).

This design was initially used on the pre-decimal five shillings, half pound and one pound coins; it is now displayed on the iconic Krugerrand bullion coin series.

Reverse Inscription SOUTH AFRICA + [year] + SUID-AFRIKA * 1 R *
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

The likeness on the obverse of the coin is based on a portrait painted by Dirck Craey which is now in the possession of Amsterdam’s Rijksmuseum; it is now thought that the painting was actually of another Dutchman named Bartholomeus Vermuyden, and not of Jan van Riebeeck.

Coin Type: One Rand, Gold - (23) Coins
Coin NameReverseObverseDetails
One Rand Gold 1961 South Africa / One Rand Gold 1961 - obverse photo Material: 0.917 Gold
Mint: South African Mint
Mintage: 9,178
One Rand Gold 1962 South Africa / One Rand Gold 1962 - obverse photo Material: 0.917 Gold
Mint: South African Mint
Mintage: 6,299
One Rand Gold 1963 South Africa / One Rand Gold 1963 - obverse photo Material: 0.917 Gold
Mint: South African Mint
Mintage: 6,531
One Rand Gold 1964 South Africa / One Rand Gold 1964 - obverse photo Material: 0.917 Gold
Mint: South African Mint
Mintage: 9,866
One Rand Gold 1965 South Africa / One Rand Gold 1965 - obverse photo Material: 0.917 Gold
Mint: South African Mint
Mintage: 16,024
One Rand Gold 1966 South Africa / One Rand Gold 1966 - obverse photo Material: 0.917 Gold
Mint: South African Mint
Mintage: 21,000
One Rand Gold 1967 South Africa / One Rand Gold 1967 - obverse photo Material: 0.917 Gold
Mint: South African Mint
Mintage: 21,000
One Rand Gold 1968 South Africa / One Rand Gold 1968 - reverse photo South Africa / One Rand Gold 1968 - obverse photo Material: 0.917 Gold
Mint: South African Mint
Mintage: 21,000
One Rand Gold 1969 South Africa / One Rand Gold 1969 - obverse photo Material: 0.917 Gold
Mint: South African Mint
Mintage: 18,000
One Rand Gold 1970 South Africa / One Rand Gold 1970 - obverse photo Material: 0.917 Gold
Mint: South African Mint
Mintage: 17,000
One Rand Gold 1971 South Africa / One Rand Gold 1971 - obverse photo Material: 0.917 Gold
Mint: South African Mint
Mintage: 17,650
One Rand Gold 1972 South Africa / One Rand Gold 1972 - obverse photo Material: 0.917 Gold
Mint: South African Mint
Mintage: 17,500
One Rand Gold 1973 South Africa / One Rand Gold 1973 - reverse photo South Africa / One Rand Gold 1973 - obverse photo Material: 0.917 Gold
Mint: South African Mint
Mintage: 27,000
One Rand Gold 1974 South Africa / One Rand Gold 1974 - obverse photo Material: 0.917 Gold
Mint: South African Mint
Mintage: 40,000
One Rand Gold 1975 South Africa / One Rand Gold 1975 - obverse photo Material: 0.917 Gold
Mint: South African Mint
Mintage: 30,000
One Rand Gold 1976 South Africa / One Rand Gold 1976 - obverse photo Material: 0.917 Gold
Mint: South African Mint
Mintage: 33,000
One Rand Gold 1977 South Africa / One Rand Gold 1977 - reverse photo South Africa / One Rand Gold 1977 - obverse photo Material: 0.917 Gold
Mint: South African Mint
Mintage: 47,000
One Rand Gold 1978 South Africa / One Rand Gold 1978 - reverse photo South Africa / One Rand Gold 1978 - obverse photo Material: 0.917 Gold
Mint: South African Mint
Mintage: 32,000
One Rand Gold 1979 South Africa / One Rand Gold 1979 - obverse photo Material: 0.917 Gold
Mint: South African Mint
Mintage: 34,000
One Rand Gold 1980 South Africa / One Rand Gold 1980 - obverse photo Material: 0.917 Gold
Mint: South African Mint
Mintage: 32,000
One Rand Gold 1981 South Africa / One Rand Gold 1981 - obverse photo Material: 0.917 Gold
Mint: South African Mint
Mintage: 19,274
One Rand Gold 1982 South Africa / One Rand Gold 1982 - reverse photo South Africa / One Rand Gold 1982 - obverse photo Material: 0.917 Gold
Mint: South African Mint
Mintage: 14,000
One Rand Gold 1983 South Africa / One Rand Gold 1983 - obverse photo Material: 0.917 Gold
Mint: South African Mint
Mintage: 15,000
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Royal Mint
Royal Mint
One Rand, Gold: Details
CountrySouth Africa
CurrencyRand
From1961
To1983
Face Value1 (x Rand)
CurrentYes
Material0.917 Gold
DesignerCoert Laurens Steynberg, Willie Myburg
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size19.500 mm
Thickness1.100 mm
Mass3.990 g