Twenty Cents, Nickel, Coin Type from South Africa - detailed information

Twenty Cents, Nickel, Coin Type from South Africa (issued 1965 - 1990)
Coin TypeTwenty Cents, Nickel

The South African Twenty Cents coin (abbreviated as 20c) is a small circulating coin of the Rand currency. It was introduced when the currency was decimalised in 1961 and replaced the earlier pre-decimal two shillings coin, retaining its design, dimensions and metal content.

The silver version of the Twenty Cents was only issued for four years though. In 1965, the Second Decimal Series was introduced, in which the Twenty Cents denomination was made of nickel.

The obverse showed a portrait of Jan van Riebeeck until 1969, with the legend in one language only - either English or Afrikaans, with both versions issued every year. It was then changed to have the Coat of Arms of South Africa, with a bilingual legend. The obverse was re-engraved in 1984, so carries a new engraver's signature after that. Apart from the regular designs, there were also four commemorative issues with different obverses.

The denomination was changed to a smaller bronze-plated steel version with the Third Decimal Series in 1990.

Obverse
South Africa / Twenty Cents, Nickel - obverse photo

The obverse of the coin displays the Coat of Arms of South Africa at its centre, as granted to the Union of South Africa by King George V and later amended by the British College of Arms. It contains representation of the four provinces within the Union.

The Coat of Arms features a shield quartered, each quarter a symbol of one of the four provinces of South Africa. An ox wagon represents Transvaal Province, a woman with an anchor represents Cape Province, two wildebeests represent Natal Province and an orange tree represents the Orange Free State Province. The crest of the arms features a lion holding four bound sticks. The supporters are a springbok and a gemsbok. Below the arms, the Latin motto, EX UNITATE VIRES (translated at first as "Union Is Strength", but from 1961 translated as "Unity Is Strength").

Around left, the name of the country in Afrikaans: SUID-AFRIKA; around right, the name in English: SOUTH AFRICA.

Below, the date of issue: * [year] *.

Obverse Inscription SUID-AFRIKA * SOUTH AFRICA * [year] *
Reverse
South Africa / Twenty Cents, Nickel - reverse photo

The reverse of the coin depicts a Royal Protea, South Africa's national flower, with sprigs.

To the left, the numeral value 20 (Twenty Cents).

Below right, the initials of the designer T.S. (for Tommy Sasseen).

Reverse Inscription 20
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone
Coin Type: Twenty Cents, Nickel - (31) Coins
Coin NameMintageSymbolLegend
Twenty Cents 1965 (English) 29,235,000 Jan van Riebeeck (right) SOUTH AFRICA 1965
Twenty Cents 1965 (Afrikaans) 29,210,000 Jan van Riebeeck (right) SUID-AFRIKA 1965
Twenty Cents 1966 (English) 4,049,000 Jan van Riebeeck (right) SOUTH AFRICA 1966
Twenty Cents 1966 (Afrikaans) 4,074,000 Jan van Riebeeck (right) SUID-AFRIKA 1966
Twenty Cents 1967 (English) 58,000 Jan van Riebeeck (right) SOUTH AFRICA 1967
Twenty Cents 1967 (Afrikaans) 83,000 Jan van Riebeeck (right) SUID-AFRIKA 1967
Twenty Cents 1968 Swart (English) 75,000 SOUTH AFRICA 1968
Twenty Cents 1968 Swart (Afrikaans) 75,000 SUID-AFRIKA 1968
Twenty Cents 1969 (English) 9,952 Jan van Riebeeck (right) SOUTH AFRICA 1969
Twenty Cents 1969 (Afrikaans) 21,952 Jan van Riebeeck (right) SUID-AFRIKA 1969
Twenty Cents 1970 24,000 Coat of Arms of South Africa, 1910 SUID-AFRIKA * SOUTH AFRICA * 1970 *
Twenty Cents 1971 5,905,000 Coat of Arms of South Africa, 1910 SUID-AFRIKA * SOUTH AFRICA * 1971 *
Twenty Cents 1972 9,079,000 Coat of Arms of South Africa, 1910 SUID-AFRIKA * SOUTH AFRICA * 1972 *
Twenty Cents 1973 31,000 Coat of Arms of South Africa, 1910 SUID-AFRIKA * SOUTH AFRICA * 1973 *
Twenty Cents 1974 2,451,000 Coat of Arms of South Africa, 1910 SUID-AFRIKA * SOUTH AFRICA * 1974 *
Twenty Cents 1975 13,000,000 Coat of Arms of South Africa, 1910 SUID-AFRIKA * SOUTH AFRICA * 1975 *
Twenty Cents 1976 Fouché 18,847,000 SUID-AFRIKA SOUTH AFRICA * 1976 *
Twenty Cents 1977 30,669,000 Coat of Arms of South Africa, 1910 SUID-AFRIKA * SOUTH AFRICA * 1977 *
Twenty Cents 1978 10,068,000 Coat of Arms of South Africa, 1910 SUID-AFRIKA * SOUTH AFRICA * 1978 *
Twenty Cents 1979 Diederichs 5,047,000 SUID-AFRIKA SOUTH AFRICA * 1979 *
Twenty Cents 1980 13,350,000 Coat of Arms of South Africa, 1910 SUID-AFRIKA * SOUTH AFRICA * 1980 *
Twenty Cents 1981 8,544,000 Coat of Arms of South Africa, 1910 SUID-AFRIKA * SOUTH AFRICA * 1981 *
Twenty Cents 1982 Vorster 18,095,000 SUID-AFRIKA SOUTH AFRICA * 1982 *
Twenty Cents 1983 25,681,000 Coat of Arms of South Africa, 1910 SUID-AFRIKA * SOUTH AFRICA * 1983 *
Twenty Cents 1984 31,618,000 Coat of Arms of South Africa, 1910 SUID-AFRIKA * SOUTH AFRICA * 1984 *
Twenty Cents 1985 29,338,859 Coat of Arms of South Africa, 1910 SUID-AFRIKA * SOUTH AFRICA * 1985 *
Twenty Cents 1986 11,415,100 Coat of Arms of South Africa, 1910 SUID-AFRIKA * SOUTH AFRICA * 1986 *
Twenty Cents 1987 36,910,781 Coat of Arms of South Africa, 1910 SUID-AFRIKA * SOUTH AFRICA * 1987 *
Twenty Cents 1988 43,122,250 Coat of Arms of South Africa, 1910 SUID-AFRIKA * SOUTH AFRICA * 1988 *
Twenty Cents 1989 unknown Coat of Arms of South Africa, 1910 SUID-AFRIKA * SOUTH AFRICA * 1989 *
Twenty Cents 1990 (Nickel) 98,512,000 Coat of Arms of South Africa, 1910 SUID-AFRIKA * SOUTH AFRICA * 1990 *
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Twenty Cents, Nickel: Details
CountrySouth Africa
CurrencyRand
Sub-type ofTwenty Cents
From1965
To1990
Face Value20 (x Rand)
CurrentNo; withdrawn 1991
MaterialNickel
DesignerTommy Sasseen
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size24.200 mm
Thickness1.840 mm
Mass6.000 g