Grosso of Ivan Alexander and Mihail Asen IV, Coin from Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of - detailed information

Grosso of Ivan Alexander and Mihail Asen IV, Coin from Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of (demonetised 1395)
CoinGrosso of Ivan Alexander and Mihail Asen IV

The Medieval Bulgarian grosso was a small circulating silver coin struck in the Second Bulgarian Kingdom in the 14th century. In modern Bulgarian language it is spelled грош (grosh or grosch), plural грошове (groshove). The name was originally introduced in 13th-century France as [denarius] grossus, literally "a thick penny", whence Old French gros, Italian grosso, Middle High German gros(se), Low German and Dutch grōte and English groat. In the 14th century, it appeared as Old Czech groš, whence Modern German Groschen.

No contemporary Bulgarian documents have survived, so it not actually sure if the coins were thus called at the time. In style, there were imitative of the contemporary Venetian or other Western European coinage. They circulated until the end of the 14th century, at which time the country was conquered by the Ottomans and independent coinage ceased.

These coins are usually listed as dated "1331 - 1371", but this is the time when Ivan Alexander (variously spelled also as John Alexander or Ioan Alexander) was emperor. There was a period when he had Mihail Asen IV (also spelled as Michael Assen IV) as co-emperor, then both his sons (Mihail Asen IV and Ivan Asen IV), then Ivan Asen IV was killed in battle and Ivan Alexander c-reigned with Mihail Asen IV again.

Given that during their first co-reign the son was still a child, while the coin shows him as a grown man, it was probably issued during the second co-reign, i.e. between 1349 and 1355.

Mint Total Mintageunknown
Obverse
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of / Grosso of Ivan Alexander and Mihail Asen IV - obverse photo

The reverse shows the sketched figure of Jesus Christ, nimbate (with a nimbus around his head) standing before a throne, facing, both hands raised in benediction. There are two monograms to left and right - to left, the emperor's monogram АЛЕ (ALE, from АЛЄѮАНДРЪ - Alexander), to right the sign for ЦР (abbreviated from ЦЕЗАРЪ, meaning Caesar or Emperor).

There may be a beaded border around, but on most coins it has been clipped off.

Obverse Inscription АЛЕ ЦР
Reverse
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of / Grosso of Ivan Alexander and Mihail Asen IV - reverse photo

Sketched full figures of the Mihail Asen IV facing, each holding a cross-tipped sceptre. Between them, a flag/banner staff, with a star at each foot.

On the flag pole next to the emperor's head, his monogram АЛЕ (from АЛЄѮАНДРЪ - Alexander). To the right of the co-emperor's figure, his monogram М (Cyrillic M) for Mihail (Michael).

There may be a beaded border around, but on most coins it has been clipped off.

Reverse Inscription АЛЕ M
EdgeThinEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

Attribution: Raduchev & Zhekov Type 1.13.3-6; Youroukova & Penchev 74-80

All (2) Coins of Country: Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of, Type: Grosso
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Grosso of Ivan Alexander and Mihail Asen IV: Details
CountryBulgaria, Second Kingdom of
CurrencyBulgarian Grosso
Coin TypeGrosso
Issued1349
MonarchTsar Ivan Alexander and Mihail Asen IV, second co-reign
Face Value1 (x Unsorted)
Mintageunknown
CurrentNo; demonetised 1395
MaterialSilver
TechnologyHammered
ShapeRound
OrientationCoin Alignment (Axis 6)
Size (mm)19
Mass (g)1.2000
OCC IDBYNK-EDDC-MJQX-EPQM
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Grosso of Ivan Alexander and Mihail Asen IV: Photos
ImageDetails
Coin, Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of, Grosso of Ivan Alexander and Mihail Asen
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source
Coin, Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of, Grosso of Ivan Alexander and Mihail Asen
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source