One Dollar 2012 The Twelve Apostles - James the Greater, Coin from Fiji - detailed information

One Dollar 2012 The Twelve Apostles - James the Greater, Coin from Fiji
CoinOne Dollar 2012 The Twelve Apostles - James the Greater

The Fijian Dollar has been the currency of Fiji since 1969. It is normally abbreviated with the dollar sign $, or alternatively FJ$ to distinguish it from other dollar-denominated currencies. It is divided into 100 cents.

Apart from the regular circulating dollar coins, Fiji has authorised a number of private mints to issue collector coins which are legal tender in the country but are not intended for general circulation. These are usually made using "smatminting" or other innovative techniques.

This coin is part of a 12-coin series by the Helvetic Mint featuring the Twelve Apostles from the Bible, and shows one of them - James the Greater.

James the Great, also known as James, son of Zebedee or as Saint James the Greater (Aramaic: ܝܥܩܘܒ ܒܪ ܙܒܕܝ; Arabic:يعقوب; Hebrew: יַעֲקֹב‎, Yaʿăqōḇ; Latin: Iacobus Maximus; Greek: Ἰάκωβος; died AD 44), was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus according to the New Testament. Saint James is the patron saint of Spain and, according to tradition, his remains are held in Santiago de Compostela in Galicia.

The Mint says about the series:
"Jesus went up to the mountain to pray, and he spent the night in prayer with God. When day came, he called his disciples to himself, and from them he chose Twelve, whom he also named Apostles: Peter (the Prince of the Apostles), Andrew, James the Greater, John, Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Thomas, James the Lesser, Thaddeus, Simon and Judas Iscariot, who became a traitor. The Lord chose these holy men for their unfeigned love, and gave them eternal glory. Their message goes out through all the earth until nowadays. Through all the earth their voice resounds, and to the end of the world, their message. We praise you, O God, we acclaim you as Lord; the glorious company of Apostles praise you."

MintHelvetic Mint Mint MarkNo mint mark Total Mintage2,500
Obverse
Fiji / One Dollar 2012 The Twelve Apostles - James the Greater - obverse photo

The obverse of the coin shows at its centre the crowned mature head of Queen Elizabeth II facing right (her effigy known as the "Fourth Portrait"). The Queen wears the "Girls of Great Britain and Ireland" diamond tiara, a wedding gift from Queen Mary (Her Majesty's grandmother) in 1947 - which she also has on the Machin and the Gottwald portraits.

Normally, the initials of the designer Ian Rank-Broadley are below the neck truncation when this portrait of the Queen is used on coinage, but they are not displayed here..

Above the effigy is the monarch's name: ELIZABETH II. Below the effigy, the face value, country and date of issue: 1 DOLLAR FIJI 2012.

It is unclear why the Queen's effigy is shown, given that she was Queen of Fiji only until 1987, after which time the country became a republic.

Obverse Inscription 1 DOLLAR FIJI 2012
Reverse
Fiji / One Dollar 2012 The Twelve Apostles - James the Greater - reverse photo

The reverse of the coin shows James the Greater, one of the Twelve Apostles (followers of Jesus), holding a long staff.

Around above left, the inscription reads JAMES THE GREATER, below which the Chi Rho symbol: - one of the earliest forms of christogram, formed by superimposing the first two (capital) letters - chi and rho (ΧΡ) - of the Greek word ΧΡΙΣΤΟΣ (Christos) in such a way that the vertical stroke of the rho intersects the centre of the chi.

The design is coloured, on a gold background.

Reverse Inscription JAMES THE GREATER ☧
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

Finish: proof-like, gilded in 24k gold, colour (pad printing).
Issued as part of a 12-coin set, not distributed individually.
Helvetic Mint Art. No.: 1118/05

Issued in Set
The Twelve Apostles, mintage 2,500
12 coins: $1 Simon, $1 Thomas, $1 Thaddeus, $1 Philip, $1 James the Greater, $1 James the Lesser, $1 Bartholomew, $1 Andrew, $1 John, $1 Matthew, $1 Peter, $1 Judas Iscariot
One Dollar 2012 The Twelve Apostles - James the Greater: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Other 2012 Mintage link Helvetic Mint
Other 2012 Dimensions, mass link Helvetic Mint
Other 2012 Composition link Helvetic Mint
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One Dollar 2012 The Twelve Apostles - James the Greater: Details
CountryFiji
CurrencyFijian Dollar
Coin TypeOne Dollar, Collector Editions
Issued2012
Effigy / SymbolQueen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley
Face Value1 (x Dollar)
Total Mintage2,500
CurrentYes
MaterialGold Plated Copper
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size40.000 mm
Mass20.000 g
OCC IDPMVR-OAPC-ABZK-ENQG
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One Dollar 2012 The Twelve Apostles - James the Greater: Photos
ImageDetails
Twelve Apostles - James the Greater
Copyright: Helvetic Mint
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