One Dollar 2012 The Twelve Apostles - James the Lesser, Coin from Fiji - detailed information

One Dollar 2012 The Twelve Apostles - James the Lesser, Coin from Fiji
CoinOne Dollar 2012 The Twelve Apostles - James the Lesser

The Fijian Dollar has been the currency of Fiji since 1969. It is normally abbreviated with the dollar sign $, or alternatively FJ$ to distinguish it from other dollar-denominated currencies. It is divided into 100 cents.

Apart from the regular circulating dollar coins, Fiji has authorised a number of private mints to issue collector coins which are legal tender in the country but are not intended for general circulation. These are usually made using "smatminting" or other innovative techniques.

This coin is part of a 12-coin series by the Helvetic Mint featuring the Twelve Apostles from the Bible, and shows one of them - James the Lesser.

James, son of Alphaeus (Ἰάκωβος, Iakōbos in Greek; Aramaic: ܝܥܩܘܒ ܒܪ ܚܠܦܝ; Hebrew: יעקב בן חלפי‎ Ya'akov ben Halfay; Coptic: ⲓⲁⲕⲱⲃⲟⲥ ⲛⲧⲉ ⲁⲗⲫⲉⲟⲥ) was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus, appearing under this name in all three of the Synoptic Gospels' lists of the apostles. He is often identified with James the Less (Greek Ἰάκωβος ὁ μίκρος Iakōbos ho mikros, Mark 15:40) and commonly known by that name in church tradition. He is also labelled "the minor", "the little", "the lesser", or "the younger", according to translation. He is distinct from James, son of Zebedee and in some interpretations also from James, brother of Jesus (James the Just). He appears only four times in the New Testament, each time in a list of the twelve apostles.

The Mint says about the series:
"Jesus went up to the mountain to pray, and he spent the night in prayer with God. When day came, he called his disciples to himself, and from them he chose Twelve, whom he also named Apostles: Peter (the Prince of the Apostles), Andrew, James the Greater, John, Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Thomas, James the Lesser, Thaddeus, Simon and Judas Iscariot, who became a traitor. The Lord chose these holy men for their unfeigned love, and gave them eternal glory. Their message goes out through all the earth until nowadays. Through all the earth their voice resounds, and to the end of the world, their message. We praise you, O God, we acclaim you as Lord; the glorious company of Apostles praise you."

MintHelvetic Mint Mint MarkNo mint mark Total Mintage2,500
Obverse
Fiji / One Dollar 2012 The Twelve Apostles - James the Lesser - obverse photo

The obverse of the coin shows at its centre the crowned mature head of Queen Elizabeth II facing right (her effigy known as the "Fourth Portrait"). The Queen wears the "Girls of Great Britain and Ireland" diamond tiara, a wedding gift from Queen Mary (Her Majesty's grandmother) in 1947 - which she also has on the Machin and the Gottwald portraits.

Normally, the initials of the designer Ian Rank-Broadley are below the neck truncation when this portrait of the Queen is used on coinage, but they are not displayed here..

Above the effigy is the monarch's name: ELIZABETH II. Below the effigy, the face value, country and date of issue: 1 DOLLAR FIJI 2012.

It is unclear why the Queen's effigy is shown, given that she was Queen of Fiji only until 1987, after which time the country became a republic.

Obverse Inscription 1 DOLLAR FIJI 2012
Reverse
Fiji / One Dollar 2012 The Twelve Apostles - James the Lesser - reverse photo

The reverse of the coin shows James the Lesser, one of the Twelve Apostles (followers of Jesus), holding a fuller's club, which is the traditional way he is depicted in Christian art.

Around above left, the inscription reads JAMES THE LESSER, below which the Chi Rho symbol: - one of the earliest forms of christogram, formed by superimposing the first two (capital) letters - chi and rho (ΧΡ) - of the Greek word ΧΡΙΣΤΟΣ (Christos) in such a way that the vertical stroke of the rho intersects the centre of the chi.

The design is coloured, on a gold background.

Reverse Inscription JAMES THE LESSER ☧
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

Finish: proof-like, gilded in 24k gold, colour (pad printing).
Issued as part of a 12-coin set, not distributed individually.
Helvetic Mint Art. No.: 1118/06

Issued in Set
The Twelve Apostles, mintage 2,500
12 coins: $1 Simon, $1 Thomas, $1 Thaddeus, $1 Philip, $1 James the Greater, $1 James the Lesser, $1 Bartholomew, $1 Andrew, $1 John, $1 Matthew, $1 Peter, $1 Judas Iscariot
One Dollar 2012 The Twelve Apostles - James the Lesser: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Other 2012 Mintage link Helvetic Mint
Other 2012 Dimensions, mass link Helvetic Mint
Other 2012 Composition link Helvetic Mint
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Royal Mint
One Dollar 2012 The Twelve Apostles - James the Lesser: Details
CountryFiji
CurrencyFijian Dollar
Coin TypeOne Dollar, Collector Editions
Issued2012
Effigy / SymbolQueen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley
Face Value1 (x Dollar)
Total Mintage2,500
CurrentYes
MaterialGold Plated Copper
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size40.000 mm
Mass20.000 g
OCC IDLGVB-OLDC-BDQA-OMPX
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One Dollar 2012 The Twelve Apostles - James the Lesser: Photos
ImageDetails
Twelve Apostles - James the Lesser
Copyright: Helvetic Mint
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