Disme 1792, Coin from United States - detailed information

Disme 1792, Coin from United States
CoinDisme 1792

The 1792 Disme (pronounced "deem" or "dime" according to various sources) is an American silver coin with a face value of ten cents which was produced in 1792. The Coinage Act of 1792, passed on April 2, 1792, authorised the mintage of a "disme", being one-tenth the silver weight and value of a dollar. The composition of the disme was set at 89.24% silver and 10.76% copper. In 1792, a limited number of dismes were minted but never circulated. Some of these were struck in copper, indicating that the 1792 dismes were in fact pattern coins. The first dimes minted for circulation did not appear until 1796, due to a lack of demand for the coin and production problems at the United States Mint (these were struck in Philadelphia while the mint building was still under construction, and no proper equipment had been installed yet).

The word "disme" comes from the Old French disme (now dîme, in modern American English: dime), meaning "tithe" or "tenth part", from the Latin decima [pars]. The word only appears on a half disme which was actually struck in some quantity, and on patterns (copper and silver) but never on another U.S. coin. The modern word "Dime" did not appear until 1837 on the Half Dimes and Dimes.

The obverse die was created by Adam Eckfeldt; Robert Birch was likely responsible for the reverse die. Henry Voigt did the actual coining. Only three examples in silver are known, all with different weights:
- 41.5 grains (equal to 2.69 grams), certified AU50 by NGC
- 39.5 grains (2.56 g), certified Fine 15 by NGC
- 66.1 grains (4.28 g), struck on a thick flan, certified XF Details by NGC

There are also copper versions, with plain or milled edge.

MintPhiladelphia Mint Mint MarkNo mint mark Total Mintageunknown, Rarity: R7 (Highest rarity possible, 3 or less examples known)
Obverse
United States / Disme 1792 - obverse photo

The obverse of the coin shows a portrait of Liberty with flowing hair, facing left.

Around, the inscription LIBERTY PARENT OF SCIENCE & INDUS. (abbreviated from "Liberty, Parent of Science and Industry" - the first motto of the United States).

Below the portrait, the date of issue: 1792.

The rim is denticled (toothed).

Obverse Inscription LIBERTY PARENT OF SCIENCE & INDUS. 1792
Reverse
United States / Disme 1792 - reverse photo

The main device on the reverse is an eagle, flying to left.

Below, the denomination DISME.

Around, the name of the country: UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

The rim is denticled (toothed).

Reverse Inscription UNITED STATES OF AMERICA DISME
EdgeEdge Inscription
Disme 1792: Known varieties
Variety Copper, Reeded Edge
Images United States / Disme 1792 / Copper, Reeded Edge - obverse photo United States / Disme 1792 / Copper, Reeded Edge - reverse photo
Mintage Issued: unknown. Rarity: R5 (9 to 14 examples known)
Details

14 examples known.

Variety Copper, Plain Edge
Mintage Issued: unknown. Rarity: R7 (Highest rarity possible, 3 or less examples known)
Details

Two examples known.

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Disme 1792: Details
CountryUnited States
CurrencyUS Dollar
Coin TypeOne Dime, Pattern
Issued1792
EffigyLiberty, Portrait
ReverseFlying Eagle
Face Value10 (x Cent)
Mintageunknown, Rarity: R7 (Highest rarity possible, 3 or less examples known)
Material0.892 silver
DesignerAdam Eckfeldt, Robert Birch
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationCoin Alignment (Axis 6)
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Disme 1792: Photos
ImageDetails
1792 Disme in Silver, Judd-9
Copyright: Heritage Auctions
Source
1792 Disme in Silver, Judd-9
Copyright: Heritage Auctions
Source
1 Disme, Pattern, United States, 1792
Copyright: Smithsonian Institution
Notes: Copper.
Source
1 Disme, Pattern, United States, 1792
Copyright: Smithsonian Institution
Notes: Copper.
Source
Disme 1792: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Judd, United States Pattern CoinsJudd-9, Judd-10, Judd-11
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsUnited States KM# PnB1 (Silver)
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsUnited States KM# PnC1 (Copper, milled edge)
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsUnited States KM# PnD1 (Copper, plain edge)