Luxemburg, County of: Information

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Luxemburg, County of (963 - 1353)

The County of Luxemburg (French: Luxembourg, Luxembourgish: Lëtzebuerg) was a State of the Holy Roman Empire. It arose from medieval Lucilinburhuc ("Little Fortress") Castle in the present-day City of Luxembourg, purchased by Count Siegfried in 963. His descendants of the Ardennes-Verdun dynasty (Wigeriche) began to call themselves Counts of Luxembourg from the 11th century onwards. The House of Luxembourg, a cadet branch of the Dukes of Limburg, became one of the most important political forces of the 14th century, contending with the House of Habsburg for supremacy in Central Europe.

The Duchy of Luxembourg was formed when the counties of Luxembourg, Durbuy, Laroche and Vianden (a vassal county since 31 July 1264), the Marquisat of Arlon, and the districts of Thionville, Bitburg and Marville were combined. Luxembourg was an independent fief of the Holy Roman Empire until 1353, when the Luxembourg emperor Charles IV elevated it to the status of a duchy for his half-brother, Wenceslaus I, Duke of Luxembourg.

Upon the extinction of the Luxembourg dynasty, the duchy passed to the House of Valois-Burgundy in 1443, and then to the Archduchy of Austria in 1482. It was integrated into the Burgundian Circle of the Holy Roman Empire, by Emperor Charles V in the Pragmatic Sanction of 1549. During the French Revolutionary Wars, Luxembourg was annexed to the department of Forêts. Following agreement at the 1815 Congress of Vienna, Luxembourg became a Grand Duchy under the rule of, but not part of, the Kingdom of the Netherlands, after which it joined the German Confederation.

Luxemburg, County of: List of Rulers.
Reign / RuleFromToCoins Issued
Count Sigfried 963 28 October 998
Heinrich I. (Count Henry I), Duke of Bavaria as Henry V 28 October 998 27 February 1026
Heinrich II. (Count Henry II), Duke of Bavaria as Henry VII 27 February 1026 16 October 1047
Count Giselbert 16 October 1047 14 August 1059
Konrad I. (Count Conrad I) 14 August 1059 8 August 1086
Heinrich III. (Count Henry III) 8 August 1086 1096
Wilhelm I. (Count William I) 1096 1131
Konrad II. (Count Conrad II) 1131 1136
Heinrich IV. (Count Henry IV) 1136 14 August 1196
Count Otto I of Burgundy 1196 1197
Countess Ermesinde and Count Theobald I of Bar 1197 13 February 1214
Countess Ermesinde, first sole rule 13 February 1214 May 1214
Countess Ermesinde and Duke Waleran III of Limburg May 1214 2 July 1226
Countess Ermesinde, second sole rule 2 July 1226 12 February 1247
Heinrich V. (Count Henry V) 12 February 1247 24 December 1281
Heinrich VI. (Count Henry VI) 24 December 1281 5 June 1288
Heinrich VII. (Count Henry VII), Holy Roman Emperor 5 June 1288 24 August 1313
Jean (Count John), King John the Blind of Bohemia 24 August 1313 26 August 1346
Count Charles I, King of Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor as Charles IV 26 August 1346 1353
Count Wenceslas I 1353 13 March 1354
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Luxemburg, County of: Details
Official NameCounty of Luxemburg
Original NameGrofschaft Lëtzebuerg
FlagFlag of Luxemburg, County of
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