New Guinea, Territory of: Information

New Guinea, Territory of (1919 - 1975)

The Territory of New Guinea was an Australian administered territory from 1920 until 1975. In 1949, the Territory and the Territory of Papua were established in an administrative union by the name of the Territory of Papua and New Guinea. That administrative union was renamed as Papua New Guinea in 1971. Notwithstanding that it was part of an administrative union, the Territory of New Guinea at all times retained a distinct legal status and identity until the advent of the Independent State of Papua New Guinea.

Most of the Territory of New Guinea was occupied by Japan during World War II, between 1942 and 1945.

The initial Australian mandate was based on the previous German New Guinea, which had been captured and occupied by Australian forces during World War I. After World War II, the territories of Papua and New Guinea were combined in an administrative union under the Papua New Guinea Provisional Administration Act (1945–46).

The territory adopted self-government in 1972 and on 15 September 1975, during the term of the Whitlam Government in Australia, the Territory became the independent nation of Papua New Guinea.

New Guinea, Territory of: List of Rulers.
Reign / RuleFromToCoins Issued
King George V 28 June 1919 20 January 1936 6
King Edward VIII 20 January 1936 11 December 1936 1
King George VI 11 December 1936 6 February 1952 6
Queen Elizabeth II 6 February 1952 15 September 1975
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New Guinea, Territory of: Details
Official NameNew Guinea, Territory of
From1919
To1975
FlagFlag of New Guinea, Territory of
Coat of ArmsCoat of Arms of of New Guinea, Territory of
WikiSee Wikipedia page
New Guinea, Territory of: Currencies Used
CurrencyFromTo
New Guinean Pound (pre-war) 1915 1942
Oceanian Pound 1942 1945
New Guinean Pound 1945 1966
Australian Dollar 1966 1975