New Guinea, Territory of: Coins Issued and Used

Showing only circulating coin types (regular coinage plus circulating commemoratives).

New Guinea, Territory of (1919 - 1975)
Information about what currencies were issued by New Guinea, Territory of, with lists of coinage, as well as periods when foreign-issued currencies were used.
Currency: New Guinean Pound. Used in New Guinea, Territory of: (1915 - 1942)
CurrencyNew Guinean Pound
PeriodNew Guinean Pound (pre-war)
Used1915 - 1942
Description

The pound was the currency of the Australia territory of New Guinea between 1915 and 1966. It replaced the mark when Australia occupied the former German colony at the end of World War I. It was equal to the Australian pound and Australian currency circulated, alongside coins issued specifically for New Guinea between 1929 and 1945. The pound was subdivided into 20 shillings, each of 12 pence.

Between 1942 and 1945, the Oceania pound circulated, issued by the Japanese occupiers. Australian coins and banknotes resumed circulation after the war and continued until 1975, when the kina replaced the Australian dollar at par.

In 1929, nickel halfpennies and pennies, as well as cupro-nickel pennies were introduced. These (as well as all subsequent New Guinean coins) were holed. The inscription on the reverse read Georgius V. D G Rex et Ind. Imp., which translates from Latin as, "George the Fifth, by the Grace of God King and Emperor of India". The inscription on the obverse reads Territory of New Guinea. These coins were followed in 1935 by threepence, sixpence and shillings. The following year, pennies were minted under King Edward VIII, a relatively rare feature as Edward abdicated less than eleven months after succeeding to the throne. Most other dominions and colonies featuring the British monarch on their currency did not have enough time to redesign their coins before the king abdicated. Coins of varying denominations were minted under the reign of George VI, beginning in 1938. In 1945, production of coins ceased until Papua New Guinea started minting their own currency in the 1970s.

Shilling (demonetised 1966)
4 coins (1935 - 1945)
Coin NameMintage
Shilling 1935 2,100,000
Shilling 1936 1,360,000
Shilling 1938 3,400,000
Shilling 1945 2,000,000
Sixpence (demonetised 1966)
2 coins (1935 - 1943)
Coin NameMintage
Sixpence 1935 2,110,000
Sixpence 1943 128,000
Threepence (demonetised 1966)
2 coins (1935 - 1944)
Coin NameMintage
Threepence 1935 1,200,000
Threepence 1944 496,000
Penny (demonetised 1966)
4 coins (1929 - 1944)
Coin NameMintage
Penny 1929 48,000
Penny 1936 360,000
Penny 1938 360,000
Penny 1944 240,000
Half Penny (demonetised 1966)
1 coin (1929)
Coin NameMintage
Half Penny 1929 24,000
Currency: Oceanian Pound. Used in New Guinea, Territory of: (1942 - 1945)
CurrencyOceanian Pound
PeriodOceanian Pound
Used1942 - 1945
Description

The Japanese government-issued Oceanian Pound was one of several issues of Japanese invasion money used during World War II. Consisting of only four denominations, the Oceanian Pound was the shortest set (i.e., total number of denominations) issued.

Common among most issues of Japanese invasion money, the Oceania notes depict the title "The Japanese Government" rather than the name or region they were intended for. This is due to many of these currencies having been printed ahead of time and intended to circulate in more than one country in a given region intended to be absorbed into the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere. As a result, many of them are considered temporary issues. The Oceanian series can be identified in two particular ways, one being the image of a palm lined beach depicted on all denominations, and the "serial number" having two identifying letters printed on the obverse. The first letter “O” indicates the note was printed and issued for Oceania and is present on all Oceanian denominations. The second letter is the block (or printing batch) of the note. The two lower denomination notes (half-shilling and one shilling) were printed in three blocks (OA, OB, and OC). The two higher denomination notes (10 shillings and one pound) were only printed in a single block (OA).

In August 1945 the Co-Prosperity Sphere was dissolved and the Oceanian Pound was abolished shortly after, with the old currency exchanged for Australian Pound or the US dollar depending on the territory.

Currency: New Guinean Pound. Used in New Guinea, Territory of: (1945 - 1966)
CurrencyNew Guinean Pound
PeriodNew Guinean Pound
Used1945 - 1966
Description

The pound was the currency of the Australia territory of New Guinea between 1915 and 1966. It replaced the mark when Australia occupied the former German colony at the end of World War I. It was equal to the Australian pound and Australian currency circulated, alongside coins issued specifically for New Guinea between 1929 and 1945. The pound was subdivided into 20 shillings, each of 12 pence.

Between 1942 and 1945, the Oceania pound circulated, issued by the Japanese occupiers. Australian coins and banknotes resumed circulation after the war and continued until 1975, when the kina replaced the Australian dollar at par.

In 1929, nickel halfpennies and pennies, as well as cupro-nickel pennies were introduced. These (as well as all subsequent New Guinean coins) were holed. The inscription on the reverse read Georgius V. D G Rex et Ind. Imp., which translates from Latin as, "George the Fifth, by the Grace of God King and Emperor of India". The inscription on the obverse reads Territory of New Guinea. These coins were followed in 1935 by threepence, sixpence and shillings. The following year, pennies were minted under King Edward VIII, a relatively rare feature as Edward abdicated less than eleven months after succeeding to the throne. Most other dominions and colonies featuring the British monarch on their currency did not have enough time to redesign their coins before the king abdicated. Coins of varying denominations were minted under the reign of George VI, beginning in 1938. In 1945, production of coins ceased until Papua New Guinea started minting their own currency in the 1970s.

Shilling (demonetised 1966)
4 coins (1935 - 1945)
Coin NameMintage
Shilling 1935 2,100,000
Shilling 1936 1,360,000
Shilling 1938 3,400,000
Shilling 1945 2,000,000
Sixpence (demonetised 1966)
2 coins (1935 - 1943)
Coin NameMintage
Sixpence 1935 2,110,000
Sixpence 1943 128,000
Threepence (demonetised 1966)
2 coins (1935 - 1944)
Coin NameMintage
Threepence 1935 1,200,000
Threepence 1944 496,000
Penny (demonetised 1966)
4 coins (1929 - 1944)
Coin NameMintage
Penny 1929 48,000
Penny 1936 360,000
Penny 1938 360,000
Penny 1944 240,000
Half Penny (demonetised 1966)
1 coin (1929)
Coin NameMintage
Half Penny 1929 24,000
Currency: Australian Dollar. Used in New Guinea, Territory of: (1966 - 1975)
CurrencyAustralian Dollar
PeriodAustralian Dollar
Used1966 - 1975
Description

Between 1942 and 1945, the Oceania pound circulated in New Guinea, issued by the Japanese occupiers. Australian coins and banknotes resumed circulation after the war and continued until 1975, when the kina replaced the Australian dollar at par.