Information about effigy: Liberty, Seated

Liberty, Seated

The concept of liberty has frequently been represented by personifications, often loosely shown as a female classical goddess. Examples include Marianne, the national personification of the French Republic and its values of Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité, the female Liberty portrayed on United States coins, and many others. These descend from images on ancient Roman coins of the Roman goddess Libertas and from various developments from the Renaissance onwards. The Dutch Maiden was among the first, re-introducing the cap of liberty on a liberty pole featured in many types of image, though not using the Phrygian cap style that became conventional (the Phrygian cap as a symbol dates back to Ancient Rome where such caps were worn by emancipated ex-slaves). The 1886 Statue of Liberty (Liberty Enlightening the World) by Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi is a well-known example in art, a gift from France to the United States.

Note that Liberty is called Miss Liberty or Ms. Liberty in an American context, and not Lady Liberty as elsewhere.

The Seated Liberty portrait designs appeared on most regular-issue silver United States coinage from 1836 through 1891. The denominations which featured the Goddess of Liberty in a Seated Liberty design include the half dime, the dime, the quarter, the half dollar, and until 1873 the silver dollar. Another coin that appeared exclusively in the Seated Liberty design was the twenty cent piece. This coin was produced from 1875 to 1878, and was discontinued because it looked very similar to the quarter. Seated Liberty coinage was minted at the main United States Mint in Philadelphia, as well as the branch mints in New Orleans, San Francisco, and Carson City.

On some coin types, Liberty is also depicted standing, or as a portrait only.

Liberty, Seated - (93) Coins
NameMintageLegend
Half Dime 1837 Seated Liberty 1,405,000 1837
One Dime 1837 Seated Liberty 682,500 1837
One Dime 1838 Seated Liberty 2,398,534 ************* 1838
Half Dime 1838 Seated Liberty 2,295,000 ************* 1838
One Dime 1839 Seated Liberty 2,344,715 ************* 1839
Half Dime 1839 Seated Liberty 2,129,150 ************* 1839
Half Dime 1840 Seated Liberty 2,279,085 ************* 1840
One Dime 1840 Seated Liberty 2,727,500 ************* 1840
Half Dime 1841 Seated Liberty 1,965,000 ************* 1841
One Dime 1841 Seated Liberty 3,630,000 ************* 1841
One Dime 1842 Seated Liberty 3,907,500 ************* 1842
Half Dime 1842 Seated Liberty 1,165,000 ************* 1842
Half Dime 1843 Seated Liberty 1,165,000 ************* 1843
One Dime 1843 Seated Liberty 1,520,000 ************* 1843
Half Dime 1844 Seated Liberty 650,000 ************* 1844
One Dime 1844 Seated Liberty 72,500 ************* 1844
One Dime 1845 Seated Liberty 1,985,000 ************* 1845
Half Dime 1845 Seated Liberty 1,564,000 ************* 1845
One Dime 1846 Seated Liberty 31,300 ************* 1846
Half Dime 1846 Seated Liberty 27,000 ************* 1846
Half Dime 1847 Seated Liberty 1,274,000 ************* 1847
One Dime 1847 Seated Liberty 245,000 ************* 1847
One Dime 1848 Seated Liberty 451,500 ************* 1848
Half Dime 1848 Seated Liberty 1,268,000 ************* 1848
One Dime 1849 Seated Liberty 1,139,000 ************* 1849
Half Dime 1849 Seated Liberty 1,449,000 ************* 1849
Half Dime 1850 Seated Liberty 1,645,000 ************* 1850
One Dime 1850 Seated Liberty 2,441,500 ************* 1850
One Dime 1851 Seated Liberty 1,426,500 ************* 1851
Half Dime 1851 Seated Liberty 1,641,000 ************* 1851
One Dime 1852 Seated Liberty 1,965,500 ************* 1852
Half Dime 1852 Seated Liberty 1,260,500 ************* 1852
One Dime 1853 Seated Liberty 13,273,010 *************←1853 →
Half Dime 1853 Seated Liberty 15,705,020 *************←1853 →
Half Dime 1854 Seated Liberty 7,300,000 *************←1854 →
One Dime 1854 Seated Liberty 6,240,000 *************←1854 →
Half Dime 1855 Seated Liberty 2,350,000 *************←1855 →
One Dime 1855 Seated Liberty 2,075,000 *************←1855 →
One Dime 1856 Seated Liberty 7,030,000 ************* 1856
Half Dime 1856 Seated Liberty 5,980,000 ************* 1856
One Dime 1857 Seated Liberty 7,120,000 ************* 1857
Half Dime 1857 Seated Liberty 8,660,000 ************* 1857
Half Dime 1858 Seated Liberty 5,160,300 ************* 1858
One Dime 1858 Seated Liberty 1,890,000 ************* 1858
Half Dime 1859 Seated Liberty 900,800 ************* 1859
One Dime 1859 Seated Liberty 970,000 ************* 1859
One Dime 1860 Seated Liberty, with Stars 140,000 ************* 1860
Half Dime 1860 Seated Liberty 1,859,000 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1860
One Dime 1860 Seated Liberty, no Stars 647,000 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1860
Half Dime 1861 Seated Liberty 3,361,000 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1861
One Dime 1861 Seated Liberty 2,056,500 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1861
Half Dime 1862 Seated Liberty 1,492,550 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1862
One Dime 1862 Seated Liberty 1,028,300 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1862
Half Dime 1863 Seated Liberty 118,460 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1863
One Dime 1863 Seated Liberty 171,960 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1863
Half Dime 1864 Seated Liberty 138,470 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1864
One Dime 1864 Seated Liberty 241,470 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1864
Half Dime 1865 Seated Liberty 133,500 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1865
One Dime 1865 Seated Liberty 186,000 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1865
Half Dime 1866 Seated Liberty 130,725 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1866
One Dime 1866 Seated Liberty 143,725 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1866
Half Dime 1867 Seated Liberty 128,625 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1867
One Dime 1867 Seated Liberty 146,625 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1867
Half Dime 1868 Seated Liberty 369,200 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1868
One Dime 1868 Seated Liberty 724,600 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1868
Half Dime 1869 Seated Liberty 438,600 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1869
One Dime 1869 Seated Liberty 706,600 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1869
Half Dime 1870 Seated Liberty 536,001 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1870
One Dime 1870 Seated Liberty 521,500 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1870
Half Dime 1871 Seated Liberty 2,034,960 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1871
One Dime 1871 Seated Liberty 1,247,810 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1871
Half Dime 1872 Seated Liberty 3,784,950 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1872
One Dime 1872 Seated Liberty 2,621,930 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1872
Half Dime 1873 Seated Liberty 1,036,600 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1873
One Dime 1873 Seated Liberty 4,432,691 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ←1873 →
One Dime 1874 Seated Liberty 3,190,817 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ←1874 →
One Dime 1875 Seated Liberty 24,065,700 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1875
One Dime 1876 Seated Liberty 30,141,150 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1876
One Dime 1877 Seated Liberty 17,350,510 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1877
One Dime 1878 Seated Liberty 1,878,000 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1878
One Dime 1879 Seated Liberty 15,100 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1879
One Dime 1880 Seated Liberty 37,335 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1880
One Dime 1881 Seated Liberty 24,975 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1881
One Dime 1882 Seated Liberty 3,911,100 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1882
One Dime 1883 Seated Liberty 7,675,712 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1883
One Dime 1884 Seated Liberty 3,931,349 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1884
One Dime 1885 Seated Liberty 2,577,117 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1885
One Dime 1886 Seated Liberty 6,584,094 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1886
One Dime 1887 Seated Liberty 15,738,389 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1887
One Dime 1888 Seated Liberty 7,216,487 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1888
One Dime 1889 Seated Liberty 8,353,389 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1889
One Dime 1890 Seated Liberty 11,334,617 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1890
One Dime 1891 Seated Liberty 23,046,716 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1891
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Royal Mint
Royal Mint
Liberty, Seated: Details
Year1836
CountryUnited States
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