Information about King George I of Great Britain

King George I of Great Britain (28 May 1660 - 11 June 1727)

George I (George Louis; German: Georg Ludwig) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1 August 1714 until his death, and ruler of the Duchy and Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) in the Holy Roman Empire from 1698.

George was born in Hanover and inherited the titles and lands of the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg from his father and uncles. A succession of European wars expanded his German domains during his lifetime, and in 1708 he was ratified as prince-elector of Hanover. At the age of 54, after the death of Queen Anne of Great Britain, George ascended the British throne as the first monarch of the House of Hanover. Although over fifty Roman Catholics bore closer blood relationships to Anne, the Act of Settlement 1701 prohibited Catholics from inheriting the British throne; George was Anne's closest living Protestant relative. In reaction, Jacobites attempted to depose George and replace him with Anne's Catholic half-brother, James Francis Edward Stuart, but their attempts failed.

During George's reign, the powers of the monarchy diminished and Britain began a transition to the modern system of cabinet government led by a prime minister. Towards the end of his reign, actual power was held by Sir Robert Walpole, now recognised as Britain's first de facto prime minister. George died on a trip to his native Hanover, where he was buried.

King George I of Great Britain reigned in...
Reigned asIn CountryFromToCoins Issued
Georg Ludwig (George Louis, Elector of Hanover) Flag of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Electorate of Hanover) Brunswick-Lüneburg (Electorate of Hanover) 23 January 1698 11 June 1727
King George I Flag of Gibraltar Gibraltar 1 August 1714 11 June 1727
King George I Flag of Great Britain Great Britain 1 August 1714 11 June 1727
King George I Flag of Ireland, Kingdom of Ireland, Kingdom of 1 August 1714 11 June 1727
King George I Flag of Bahamas, British Crown Colony Bahamas, British Crown Colony 6 January 1718 11 June 1727
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