Information about King Philip III of Spain

King Philip III of Spain (14 April 1578 - 31 March 1621)

Philip III (Spanish: Felipe) was King of Spain. He was also, as Philip II, King of Portugal, Naples, Sicily and Sardinia and Duke of Milan from 1598 until his death.

A member of the House of Habsburg, Philip III was born in Madrid to King Philip II of Spain and his fourth wife and niece Anna, the daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II and Maria of Spain. Philip III later married his cousin Margaret of Austria, sister of Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor.

Although also known in Spain as Philip the Pious, Philip's political reputation abroad has been largely negative - an 'undistinguished and insignificant man,' a 'miserable monarch,' whose 'only virtue appeared to reside in a total absence of vice,' to quote historians C. V. Wedgwood, R. Stradling and J. H. Elliott. In particular, Philip's reliance on his corrupt chief minister, the Duke of Lerma, drew much criticism at the time and afterwards. For many, the decline of Spain can be dated to the economic difficulties that set in during the early years of his reign. Nonetheless, as the ruler of the Spanish Empire at its height and as the king who achieved a temporary peace with the Dutch (1609-1621) and brought Spain into the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648) through an (initially) extremely successful campaign, Philip's reign remains a critical period in Spanish history.

King Philip III of Spain reigned in...
Reigned asIn CountryFromToCoins Issued
Filippo III (Duke Philip III), King of Spain Flag of Milan Milan 13 September 1598 31 March 1621
Dom Filipe II (King Philip II), King Philip III of Spain Flag of Portugal, Kingdom of Portugal, Kingdom of 13 September 1598 31 March 1621
Filippo III (King Phillip III), King of Spain Flag of Sardinia Sardinia 13 September 1598 31 March 1621
Filippo II (King Philip II), King of Spain as Philip III Flag of Sicily Sicily 13 September 1598 31 March 1621
Felipe III (King Philip III) Flag of Spain Spain 13 September 1598 31 March 1621
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