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Detailed information about coin type: Halfpenny (Ship) from United Kingdom:

Coin type: Halfpenny (Ship)
Description

The traditional Britannia reverse was discontinued with the bronze coinage of King George VI. Both the obverse and reverse of the halfpenny were designed by T. Humphrey Paget. The striking reverse design shows Sir Francis Drake’s ship, the Golden Hind. Paget’s initials HP are in the field below the stern.

During the reign of King George VI, proof strikings were issued in specimen sets in 1937, 1950 and 1951. Proofs of other years are all extremely rare.

The portrait of Queen Elizabeth II on coinage after 1952 was designed by Mrs. Mary Gillick. The original portrait was in very low relief and showed little detail in the hair and features. This defect was remedied by retouching the dies early in 1953. In 1954 the dies were further retouched to sharpen the portrait and the legend was changed to eliminate BRITT: OMN: from the Queen’s title.

Proof specimens struck during 1954-1956 are all extremely rare. The 1953 proofs were issued in specimen sets late in the year and all show the recut portrait.

CountryUnited Kingdom CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Sub-type ofHalfpenny (Pre-decimal) Sub-types
Face value1/2 (x Penny)
Years produced1937 - 1970 CurrentNo (demonetised 1969)
MaterialBronze DesignerThomas Humphrey Paget
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound
Size (mm)25.5000 Thickness (mm)
Mass (g)5.4000
Obverse

Effigy of the ruling British monarch, legend in Latin. During the existence of this coin type, pennies were issued for King George VI (1937 - 1952) and Queen Elizabeth II (1953 - 1956). Specimens were created for King Edward VIII in 1937 but never released.

Obverses used, and obverse varieties (as per Freeman):

King Edward VIII (1937) not released
Head and neck of King Edward VIII facing left; below the truncation of the neck, the designer's initials HP (for [Thomas] Humphrey Paget). Around, the monarch's legend EDWARDVS VIII D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP. (Edward the Eighth, by the Grace of God, King of all the Britains, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India).

Obverse 1 (King George VI) (1937 - 1948)
Bare head of King George VI facing left; below the neck in small letters, the designer's initials HP (for Thomas Humphrey Paget); around, the monarch's legend GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP. (George the Sixth, by the Grace of God, King of all the Britains, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India).

Obverse inscriptionLegend of the ruling British monarch
Reverse

Three-masted sailing ship (Sir Francis Drake’s "Golden Hind") to left; behind in small letters, the designer's initials HP (for [Thomas] Humphrey Paget); around above, the denomination HALF PENNY; below, the date.

Freeman describes the following varieties of the reverse:

King Edward VIII (1937) not released
A full port view of a three-masted sailing ship, with bowsprit, full rigging and bellowing sails (representation of the Golden Hind of Sir Francis Drake), upon waves the lower outline of which is curved and concentric with the edge of the coin. Above the fore- and after-masts flutter the flags of St Andrew; above the main mast is a pennant incorporating the cross of St George.

Around above, the denomination HALF PENNY; below, the date 1937. In the field, to the right of the stern, the designer's initials HP (for [Thomas] Humphrey Paget).

Reverse A (King George VI) (1937)
Similar to that of King Edward VIII.

Following that, Freeman describes a number of reverse variations differing mainly in the size of the design and the alignment of the legend, where there was only one variation used during one year with the exception of 1940 when there were three. These are, as follows:

Reverse B (King George VI) (1938)
Reverse C (King George VI) (1939)
Reverse D (King George VI) (1940)
Reverse E (King George VI) (1940)
Reverse F (King George VI) (1940)
Reverse G (King George VI) (1941)
Reverse H (King George VI) (1942)
Reverse I (King George VI) (1943)
Reverse J (King George VI) (1944)
Reverse K (King George VI) (1945)
Reverse L (King George VI) (1946)
Reverse M (King George VI) (1947)
Reverse N (King George VI) (1948)
Reverse O (King George VI) (1949 - 1951)
Reverse P (King George VI) (1952)

Reverse inscriptionHALF PENNY [year]
EdgePlain Edge inscriptionNone
Notes

References to additional information:

[Book] Bressett, Kenneth E. 1962. A Guidebook of English Coins, Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Wisconsin, USA. pp 28-30
[Book] Freeman, Michael J. 1970. The Bronze Coinage of Great Britain. Motherwell, Scotland. (2016 ed. pp106-117)
[Book] Remick, Jerome. 1971. The Guide Book and Catalogue to British Commonwealth Coins., pp199-200

Halfpenny (Ship): Photos

Great Britain 1939 1/2 Penny
Copyright: smarty_marty24
source

Great Britain 1939 1/2 Penny
Copyright: smarty_marty24
source
List of 6 coins of type: Halfpenny (Ship) from United Kingdom
NameMintageReignEffigyLegend
Halfpenny 1937 Edward VIII (not released) unknown King Edward VIII Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget EDWARDVS VIII D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Halfpenny 1937 George VI 27,732,002 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Halfpenny 1938 40,320,000 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Halfpenny 1939 28,924,800 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Halfpenny 1940 32,162,400 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Halfpenny 1941 45,120,000 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.