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Detailed information about coin type: Halfpenny (Ship) from United Kingdom:

Coin type: Halfpenny (Ship)

The traditional Britannia reverse was discontinued with the bronze coinage of King George VI. Both the obverse and reverse of the halfpenny were designed by T. Humphrey Paget. The striking reverse design shows Sir Francis Drake’s ship, the Golden Hind. Paget’s initials HP are in the field below the stern.

During the reign of King George VI, proof strikings were issued in specimen sets in 1937, 1950 and 1951. Proofs of other years are all extremely rare.

The portrait of Queen Elizabeth II on coinage after 1952 was designed by Mrs. Mary Gillick. The original portrait was in very low relief and showed little detail in the hair and features. This defect was remedied by retouching the dies early in 1953. In 1954 the dies were further retouched to sharpen the portrait and the legend was changed to eliminate BRITT: OMN: from the Queen’s title.

Proof specimens struck during 1954-1956 are all extremely rare. The 1953 proofs were issued in specimen sets late in the year and all show the recut portrait.

CountryUnited Kingdom CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Sub-type ofHalfpenny (Pre-decimal) Sub-types
Face value1/2 (x Penny)
Years produced1937 - 1970 CurrentNo (demonetised 1969)
MaterialBronze DesignerThomas Humphrey Paget
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound
Size (mm)25.5000 Thickness (mm)
Mass (g)5.4000

Effigy of the ruling British monarch, legend in Latin. During the existence of this coin type, pennies were issued for King George VI (1937 - 1952) and Queen Elizabeth II (1953 - 1956). Specimens were created for King Edward VIII in 1937 but never released.

Obverse inscriptionLegend of the ruling British monarch

Three-masted sailing ship (Sir Francis Drake’s "Golden Hind") to left; behind in small letters, the designer's initials HP (for [Thomas] Humphrey Paget); around above, the denomination HALF PENNY; below, the date.

Reverse inscriptionHALF PENNY [year]
EdgePlain Edge inscriptionNone

References to additional information:

[Book] Bressett, Kenneth E. 1962. A Guidebook of English Coins, Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Wisconsin, USA. pp 28-30
[Book] Freeman, Michael J. 1970. The Bronze Coinage of Great Britain. Motherwell, Scotland. (2016 ed. pp106-117)
[Book] Remick, Jerome. 1971. The Guide Book and Catalogue to British Commonwealth Coins., pp199-200