Home / Coins by Country / Coins from United Kingdom / Coin Type: Halfpenny (Pre-decimal)

Detailed information about coin type: Halfpenny (Pre-decimal) from United Kingdom:

Coin type: Halfpenny (Pre-decimal)
Description

The British pre-decimal halfpenny (½d) coin, usually simply known as a halfpenny, was a unit of currency that equaled half of a penny or one four-hundred-and-eightieth of a pound sterling. Originally the halfpenny was minted in copper, but after 1860 it was minted in bronze. It ceased to be legal tender in 1969. The halfpenny featured two different designs on its obverse during its years in circulation. From 1672 until 1936 the image of Britannia appeared on the reverse, and from 1937 onwards the image of the Golden Hind appeared. Like all British coinage, it bore the portrait of the monarch on the obverse.

Before Decimal Day in 1971 there were two hundred and forty pence in one pound sterling. Twelve pence made a shilling, and twenty shillings made a pound. Values less than a pound were usually written in terms of shillings and pence, e.g. forty-two pence would be three shillings and six pence (3/6), pronounced "three and six". Values of less than a shilling were simply written in terms of pence, e.g. eight pence would be 8d.

The halfpenny ceased to be legal tender from 31 July 1969.

CountryUnited Kingdom CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Sub-type of Sub-types Halfpenny (Britannia, first design)
Halfpenny (Britannia, second design)
Halfpenny (Britannia, third design)
Halfpenny (Britannia, fourth design)
Halfpenny (Ship)
Face value1/2 (x Penny)
Years produced1806 - 1970 CurrentNo (demonetised 1969)
MaterialBronze Designer
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound
Size (mm) Thickness (mm)
Mass (g)
Obverse

Obverse inscription
Reverse

Reverse inscription
Edge Edge inscription
List of 29 coins of type: Halfpenny (Pre-decimal) from United Kingdom
NameMintageReignEffigyLegend
Halfpenny 1806 unknown King George III Laureate head by Conrad Küchler GEORGIUS III · D : G · REX. 1806
Halfpenny 1807 unknown King George III Laureate head by Conrad Küchler GEORGIUS III · D : G · REX. 1807
Halfpenny 1825 215,040 King George IV Portrait by William Wyon (Laureate Head) GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA 1825
Halfpenny 1826 9,031,630 King George IV Portrait by William Wyon (Laureate Head) GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA 1826
Halfpenny 1827 5,376,000 King George IV Portrait by William Wyon (Laureate Head) GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA 1827
Halfpenny 1831 806,400 King William IV Portrait by William Wyon GULIELMUS IIII DEI GRATIA 1831
Halfpenny 1834 537,600 King William IV Portrait by William Wyon GULIELMUS IIII DEI GRATIA 1834
Halfpenny 1837 349,440 King William IV Portrait by William Wyon GULIELMUS IIII DEI GRATIA 1837
Halfpenny 1838 456,960 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1838
Halfpenny 1839 (Proof only) unknown Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1839
Halfpenny 1841 1,075,200 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1841
Halfpenny 1843 967,680 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1843
Halfpenny 1844 1,075,200 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1844
Halfpenny 1845 1,075,200 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1845
Halfpenny 1846 860,160 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1846
Halfpenny 1847 752,640 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1847
Halfpenny 1848 322,560 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1848
Halfpenny 1851 215,040 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1851
Halfpenny 1852 637,056 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1852
Halfpenny 1853 1,559,040 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1853
Halfpenny 1854 12,354,048 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1854
Halfpenny 1855 1,455,837 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1855
Halfpenny 1856 1,942,080 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1856
Halfpenny 1857 1,182,720 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1857
Halfpenny 1858 2,472,960 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1858
Halfpenny 1859 1,290,240 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1859
Halfpenny 1860 (Large) unknown Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1860
Halfpenny 1860 (Small) 6,630,400 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1861 54,118,400 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny (Pre-decimal): Some useful external links
The Royal Mint Museum: Halfpenny and farthing