Home / Coins by Country / Coins from United Kingdom / Coin Type: Halfpenny (Pre-decimal)

Detailed information about coin type: Halfpenny (Pre-decimal) from United Kingdom:

Coin type: Halfpenny (Pre-decimal)
Description

The British pre-decimal halfpenny (½d) coin, usually simply known as a halfpenny, was a unit of currency that equaled half of a penny or one four-hundred-and-eightieth of a pound sterling. Originally the halfpenny was minted in copper, but after 1860 it was minted in bronze. It ceased to be legal tender in 1969. The halfpenny featured two different designs on its obverse during its years in circulation. From 1672 until 1936 the image of Britannia appeared on the reverse, and from 1937 onwards the image of the Golden Hind appeared. Like all British coinage, it bore the portrait of the monarch on the obverse.

Before Decimal Day in 1971 there were two hundred and forty pence in one pound sterling. Twelve pence made a shilling, and twenty shillings made a pound. Values less than a pound were usually written in terms of shillings and pence, e.g. forty-two pence would be three shillings and six pence (3/6), pronounced "three and six". Values of less than a shilling were simply written in terms of pence, e.g. eight pence would be 8d.

The halfpenny ceased to be legal tender from 31 July 1969.

CountryUnited Kingdom CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Sub-type of Sub-types Halfpenny (Britannia, first design)
Halfpenny (Britannia, second design)
Halfpenny (Britannia, third design)
Halfpenny (Britannia, fourth design)
Halfpenny (Ship)
Face value1/2 (x Penny)
Years produced1806 - 1970 CurrentNo (demonetised 1969)
MaterialBronze Designer
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound
Size (mm) Thickness (mm)
Mass (g)
Obverse

Obverse inscription
Reverse

Reverse inscription
Edge Edge inscription
Halfpenny (Pre-decimal): Photos

Coin - Halfpenny, George III, Great Britain, 1807
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Britannia, first design (1806 - 1807).
source

Coin - Halfpenny, William IV, Great Britain, 1831
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Britannia, second design (1825 - 1860).
source

Great Britain 1930 1/2 Penny
Copyright: smarty_marty24
source

Great Britain 1939 1/2 Penny
Copyright: smarty_marty24
source

Coin - Halfpenny, George III, Great Britain, 1807
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George III (1806 - 1807).
source

Coin - Halfpenny, William IV, Great Britain, 1831
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King William IV (1831 - 1837).
source

Great Britain 1852 half penny
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Queen Victoria, Young head (1838 - 1860).
source

Great Britain 1930 1/2 Penny
Copyright: smarty_marty24
source

Great Britain 1939 1/2 Penny
Copyright: smarty_marty24
source
List of 110 coins of type: Halfpenny (Pre-decimal) from United Kingdom
NameMintageReignEffigyLegend
Halfpenny 1806 unknown King George III Laureate head by Conrad Küchler GEORGIUS III · D : G · REX. 1806
Halfpenny 1807 unknown King George III Laureate head by Conrad Küchler GEORGIUS III · D : G · REX. 1807
Halfpenny 1825 215,040 King George IV Portrait by William Wyon (Laureate Head) GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA 1825
Halfpenny 1826 9,031,630 King George IV Portrait by William Wyon (Laureate Head) GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA 1826
Halfpenny 1827 5,376,000 King George IV Portrait by William Wyon (Laureate Head) GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA 1827
Halfpenny 1831 806,400 King William IV Portrait by William Wyon GULIELMUS IIII DEI GRATIA 1831
Halfpenny 1834 537,600 King William IV Portrait by William Wyon GULIELMUS IIII DEI GRATIA 1834
Halfpenny 1837 349,440 King William IV Portrait by William Wyon GULIELMUS IIII DEI GRATIA 1837
Halfpenny 1838 456,960 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1838
Halfpenny 1839 (Proof only) unknown Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1839
Halfpenny 1841 1,075,200 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1841
Halfpenny 1843 967,680 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1843
Halfpenny 1844 1,075,200 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1844
Halfpenny 1845 1,075,200 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1845
Halfpenny 1846 860,160 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1846
Halfpenny 1847 752,640 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1847
Halfpenny 1848 322,560 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1848
Halfpenny 1851 215,040 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1851
Halfpenny 1852 637,056 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1852
Halfpenny 1853 1,559,040 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1853
Halfpenny 1854 12,354,048 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1854
Halfpenny 1855 1,455,837 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1855
Halfpenny 1856 1,942,080 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1856
Halfpenny 1857 1,182,720 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1857
Halfpenny 1858 2,472,960 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1858
Halfpenny 1859 1,290,240 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1859
Halfpenny 1860 (Large) unknown Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1860
Halfpenny 1860 (Small) 6,630,400 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1861 54,118,400 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1862 61,107,200 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1863 15,948,800 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1864 537,600 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1865 8,064,000 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1866 2,508,800 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1867 2,508,800 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1868 3,046,400 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1869 3,225,600 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1870 4,350,739 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1871 1,075,280 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1872 4,659,410 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1873 3,404,880 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1874 6,365,265 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1875 6,685,215 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1876 6,809,600 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1877 5,209,505 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1878 1,425,535 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1879 3,582,545 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1880 2,423,465 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1881 3,799,515 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1882 4,480,000 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1883 3,000,725 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1884 6,989,580 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1885 8,600,574 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1886 8,586,155 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1887 10,701,305 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1888 6,814,070 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1889 7,748,234 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1890 11,254,235 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1891 13,192,260 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1892 2,478,335 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1893 7,229,344 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1894 1,767,635 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Halfpenny 1895 3,032,154 Queen Victoria Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Halfpenny 1896 9,142,500 Queen Victoria Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Halfpenny 1897 8,690,315 Queen Victoria Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Halfpenny 1898 8,595,180 Queen Victoria Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Halfpenny 1899 12,108,001 Queen Victoria Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Halfpenny 1900 13,805,190 Queen Victoria Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Halfpenny 1901 11,127,360 Queen Victoria Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Halfpenny 1902 13,672,960 King Edward VII Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1903 11,450,880 King Edward VII Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1904 8,131,200 King Edward VII Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1905 10,124,800 King Edward VII Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1906 11,101,440 King Edward VII Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1907 16,849,280 King Edward VII Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1908 16,620,800 King Edward VII Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1909 8,279,040 King Edward VII Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1910 10,769,920 King Edward VII Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1911 12,570,880 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1912 21,185,920 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1913 17,476,480 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1914 20,289,111 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1915 21,563,040 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1916 39,386,143 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1917 38,245,436 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1918 22,321,072 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1919 28,104,001 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1920 35,146,793 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1921 28,027,293 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1922 10,734,964 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1923 12,266,282 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1924 13,971,038 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1925 12,216,123 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1926 6,712,306 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1927 15,589,622 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1928 20,935,200 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1929 25,680,000 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1930 12,532,800 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1931 16,137,600 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1932 14,448,000 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1933 10,560,000 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1934 7,704,000 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1935 12,180,000 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1936 19,807,200 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Halfpenny 1937 Edward VIII (not released) unknown King Edward VIII Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget EDWARDVS VIII D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Halfpenny 1937 George VI 27,732,002 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Halfpenny 1938 40,320,000 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Halfpenny 1939 28,924,800 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Halfpenny 1940 32,162,400 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Halfpenny 1941 45,120,000 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Halfpenny (Pre-decimal): Some useful external links
The Royal Mint Museum: Halfpenny and farthing