Crown, Coin Type from Australia - detailed information

Crown, Coin Type from Australia (issued 1937 - 1938)
Coin TypeCrown

The Australian Crown is a silver coin which was used in the Commonwealth of Australia prior to decimalisation. It has the same dimensions and composition as the British pre-decimal crown, from which it is derived. A Crown is equal to five shillings, or 60 pence, or one quarter of a pound.

The Australian Crown was originally intended to commemorate the ascension of King Edward VIII; however, due to his abdication, it was instead struck to commemorate the ascension of King George VI. The Crown quickly lost its commemorative appeal and its lack of popularity led to its production being terminated. 1,008,000 Australian Crowns were minted in 1937 and only 101,600 in 1938, making the 1938 much more valuable today. There were no further issues.

All coins of this type were struck by the Melbourne Mint; they carry no mint mark.They were made of sterling silver (92.5%), weighing 28.28 g (0.8411 oz ASW).

After decimalisation on 14 February 1966, unlike some of the smaller denominations, the crown was not re-denominated into a unit of the new currency. The coins were not very popular due to their large size and had not circulated much even before they were withdrawn from circulation in 1966. However, they were never formally demonetised and are still legal tender.

Obverse
Australia / Crown - obverse photo

Bare head of King George VI facing left; around, the monarch's legend in Latin GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.. Translated from Latin: George the Sixth, by the Grace of God, King of all the Britains, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India.

Below the neck truncation in small letters are the artist's initials HP (for [Thomas] Humphrey Paget).

Obverse InscriptionGEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Reverse
Australia / Crown - reverse photo

At centre the Imperial crown with the date [year] below; around above, COMMONWEALTH : OF : AUSTRALIA; around below, the denomination · ONE CROWN · (being equal to five shillings).

The artist's initials K·G (for [George] Kruger Gray) are in small letters in the field at the bottom right of the crown.

Reverse InscriptionCOMMONWEALTH : OF : AUSTRALIA · ONE CROWN · [year]
EdgeMilled
Edge InscriptionNone
Notes

If you keep your coins in 2x2 cardboard holders, the best size for crowns is 39.5mm.

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Crown: Details
CountryAustralia
CurrencyAustralian Pound
From1937
To1938
Face Value5 (x Shilling)
CurrentNo
Material0.925 Silver
DesignerGeorge Kruger Gray
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size (mm)38.5000
Mass (g)28.2800
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Crown: Photos
ImageDetails
Proof Coin - Crown (5 Shillings), Australia, 1938
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Source
Proof Coin - Crown (5 Shillings), Australia, 1938
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Source