Crown 1938, Coin from Australia - detailed information

Crown 1938, Coin from Australia (withdrawn 1966)
CoinCrown 1938

The Australian Crown is a silver coin which was used in the Commonwealth of Australia prior to decimalisation. It has the same dimensions and composition as the British pre-decimal crown, from which it is derived. A Crown is equal to five shillings, or 60 pence, or one quarter of a pound.

The Australian Crown was originally intended to commemorate the ascension of King Edward VIII; however, due to his abdication, it was instead struck to commemorate the ascension of King George VI. The Crown quickly lost its commemorative appeal and its lack of popularity led to its production being terminated. 1,008,000 Australian Crowns were minted in 1937 and only 101,600 in 1938, making the 1938 much more valuable today. There were no further issues.

After decimalisation on 14 February 1966, unlike some of the smaller denominations, the crown was not re-denominated into a unit of the new currency. The coins were not very popular due to their large size and had not circulated much even before they were withdrawn from circulation in 1966. However, they were never formally demonetised and are still legal tender.

MintMelbourne Mint Mint MarkNo mint mark Total Mintage101,800
Australia / Crown 1938 - obverse photo

The obverse of the coin shows the bare (uncrowned) head of King George VI facing left.

Below the neck truncation in small letters, the artist's initials HP (for [Thomas] Humphrey Paget).

Around, the monarch's legend: GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.. Translated from Latin: George the Sixth, by the Grace of God, King of all the Britains, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India.

Obverse Inscription GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Australia / Crown 1938 - reverse photo

At centre the Imperial crown with the date 1938 below; around above, COMMONWEALTH : OF : AUSTRALIA; around below, the denomination · ONE CROWN · (being equal to five shillings).

The artist's initials K·G (for [George] Kruger Gray) are in small letters in the field at the bottom right of the crown.

Reverse Inscription COMMONWEALTH : OF : AUSTRALIA · ONE CROWN · 1938
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone

Krause catalogues list mintage as 102,000 regular and 250 proof Crowns.

Renniks 1965 and The Australian Coin Chart 1965 list circulation mintage of 101,600.
According to Museums Victoria (which inherited the Melbourne Mint's archives and should be considered authoritative) "The mint records state that 200 proof 1938 crowns were manufactured."

Crown 1938: Known varieties
Variety Proof
Mintage Issued: 200 (included in total)
Crown 1938: References to Information Used
Museums Victoria Collections 2016 Coin description link
Museums Victoria Collections 2016 Mint link
Renniks, Australian Coin and Banknote Values 1965 Mintage Circulation mintage
Australian Coin Chart 1965 Mintage Circulation mintage
Museums Victoria Collections 2016 Mintage link Proof mintage
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Varieties Proof
Museums Victoria Collections 2016 Varieties link Proof
Royal Mint
Royal Mint
Crown 1938: Details
CurrencyAustralian Pound
Coin TypeCrown
MonarchKing George VI
EffigyKing George VI - Bare Head, by Thomas Humphrey Paget
Face Value5 (x Shilling)
Total Mintage101,800
CurrentNo; withdrawn 1966
Material0.925 Silver
DesignerGeorge Kruger Gray
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size38.5000 mm
Mass28.2800 g
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Crown 1938: Photos
Proof Coin - Crown (5 Shillings), Australia, 1938
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Proof Coin - Crown (5 Shillings), Australia, 1938
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Crown 1938: Catalogue Reference IDs