Angel, Coin Type from England - detailed information

Angel, Coin Type from England (issued 1465 - 1642)
Coin TypeAngel

The Angel was an English gold coin introduced by King Edward IV in 1465. It was patterned after the French angelot or ange, which had been issued since 1340. The name derived from its representation of the Archangel Michael slaying a dragon. As it was considered a new issue of the noble, it was also called the angel-noble. The angel varied in value from 6 shillings 8 pence (80 pence) to 11 shillings (132 pence) between Edward's reign and the time of King James I. Under King Charles I, it was last coined in 1642, and was replaced in 1663 by the machine-made Guinea denomination.

Being hand-struck, Angle coins vary in diameter and wight; the average dimension is 29 mm, and the average wight is around 5.12 grams. The fineness of the gold was normally 0.995, but this varied and during the reigns of some monarchs was lower.

In 1472, a half-angel was also introduced, with a similar design and weighing 40 grains (2.6 grams) with a diameter of 20 to 21 millimetres.

Obverse
England / Angel - obverse photo

The obverse depicts Archangel Michael, wearing armour, bare headed and with a halo around his head, slaying a dragon with his spear.

Around, the legend of the monarch preceded by the mint mark (which is the symbol in the rim to the right of the angel's halo).

Obverse Inscription Legend of the monarch
Reverse
England / Angel - reverse photo

The reverse design of the coin depicts a sailing ship with Coat of Arms and rays of sun at the masthead.

The legend around reads PER CRVCE TVA SALVA NOS XPC REDE, abbreviated from per crucem tuam salva nos christe redemptor, meaning "By Thy cross save us, Christ Redeemer" in Latin.

As on the obverse, the legend is preceded by the mint mark.

Reverse Inscription PER CRVCE TVA SALVA NOS XPC REDE
EdgeThinEdge InscriptionNone
Coin Type: Angel - (1) Coins
Coin NameReverseObverseDetails
Angel of King Henry VII, 1485 - 1509 England / Angel of King Henry VII, 1485 - 1509 - reverse photo England / Angel of King Henry VII, 1485 - 1509 - obverse photo Material: 0.995 Gold
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: unknown
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Angel: Details
CountryEngland
CurrencyPound Sterling (England)
From1465
To1642
Face Value80 (x Penny)
CurrentNo (demonetised 1663)
Material0.995 Gold
Designer
TechnologyHammered
ShapeRound
OrientationCoin Alignment (Axis 6)
Size23.500 mm
Mass5.650 g