Halfpenny, Coin Type from New Zealand - detailed information

Halfpenny, Coin Type from New Zealand (issued 1940 - 1965)
Coin TypeHalfpenny

Initially, British and Australian coins circulated in New Zealand. The devaluation of the New Zealand pound relative to sterling in the 1930s led to the issue of distinct New Zealand coins in 1933, in denominations of 3d, 6d, 1s, 2s (the florin) and 2½s (the half-crown), minted in 50% silver until 1946 and in cupro-nickel from 1947. In 1940, bronze ½d and 1d coins were introduced.

All these denominations were the same size and weight as their equivalents in the Australian and UK coinage (although Australia never minted the half-crown).

The specifications for the coin were (in measurement units of the time):

Diameter of Coin: 1.003 inches
Standard Weight: 87.5 grains

The composition of the metal was:
1940-1941, 1945-1959: 95.5% copper, 3% tin and 1.5% zinc
1942-1945, 1959-1965: 97% copper, 0.5% tin and 2.5% zinc.

In regards to statistics, it has to be noted that the mintage figures provided by the Reserve Bank of New Zealand include, in some cases (like the 1953 mintages), the proof issue of the year while in most other cases they do not.

According to the Reserve Bank of New Zealand, the total mintage of the denomination during its existence was 49,251,800 (49 mln). Counting the (few) known proof mintages, the total mintage adds up to 49,276,815 (49 mln).

Obverse

Effigy of the monarch, legend.

During the existence of the denomination, ruling monarchs were King George VI and Queen Elizabeth II.

After the Independence of India in 1947, the title "Emperor" was dropped from the legend of King George VI.

Obverse Inscription
Reverse

A Māori hei-tiki (neck pendant) with ornamental tukutuku patterns on each side.

The reverse of this coin was designed by Leonard Cornwall Mitchell (1901-1971), born in Wellington. He was an important 20th Century New Zealand commercial artist and graphic designer. He completed a signwriting apprenticeship in Palmerston North, then worked at the "Government Publicity Department". Designed posters, booklet covers as well as coins as designing over 90 NZ stamps. Father of artist and owner of Wellington's mid century "Lambton Art Galleries" Victor Leonard William Mitchell.

Reverse Inscription NEW ZEALAND HALF PENNY [year]
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

References to additional information:

[Book] Pepping, Robert. 2017. New Zealand History Coined. Wellington, New Zealand. pp 80-87.

Coin Type: Halfpenny - (24) Coins
Coin NameReverseObverseIn my collection(s)
Please sign up and/or log in to use collection management functionality.
Advertising
Buy Austrian Silver Philharmonics Online
Buy Austrian Silver Philharmonics Online
Halfpenny: Details
CountryNew Zealand
CurrencyNew Zealand Pound
From1940
To1965
Face Value1/2 (x Penny)
CurrentNo (demonetised 1967)
MaterialBronze
DesignerLeonard Cornwall Mitchell
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
Size25.4800 mm
Mass5.6699 g
Halfpenny: Photos
ImageDetails
Halfpenny: Photo Proof Coin - 1/2 Penny, New Zealand, 1940 Proof Coin - 1/2 Penny, New Zealand, 1940
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Tiki reverse (1940 - 1965).
Source
Halfpenny: Photo Proof Coin - 1/2 Penny, New Zealand, 1940 Proof Coin - 1/2 Penny, New Zealand, 1940
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George VI, Emperor (1940 - 1947).
Source
Halfpenny: Photo Proof Coin - 1/2 Penny, New Zealand, 1949 Proof Coin - 1/2 Penny, New Zealand, 1949
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George VI (1949 - 1952).
Source
Halfpenny: Photo New Zealand 1960 1/2 penny New Zealand 1960 1/2 penny
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Queen Elizabeth II (1953 - 1965).
Source