New Zealand: Information

New Zealand (1840 - )

New Zealand (Aotearoa) is an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.

The country geographically comprises two main landmasses - that of the North Island, or Te Ika-a-Māui, and the South Island, or Te Waipounamu - and numerous smaller islands. New Zealand is situated some 1,500 kilometres east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and roughly 1,000 kilometres south of the Pacific island areas of New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga. Because of its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. During its long isolation, New Zealand developed a distinctive biodiversity of animal, fungal and plant life. The country's varied topography and its sharp mountain peaks, such as the Southern Alps, owe much to the tectonic uplift of land and volcanic eruptions. New Zealand's capital city is Wellington, while its most populous city is Auckland.

In 1840, representatives of the United Kingdom and Māori chiefs signed the Treaty of Waitangi, which declared British sovereignty over the islands. In 1841, New Zealand became a colony within the British Empire and in 1907 it became a dominion; it gained full independence in 1947, but the British monarch remained the head of state.

New Zealand: List of Rulers.
Reign / RuleFromToCoins Issued
Queen Victoria 6 February 1840 22 January 1901
King Edward VII 22 January 1901 6 May 1910
King George V 6 May 1910 20 January 1936 19
King Edward VIII 20 January 1936 11 December 1936
King George VI 11 December 1936 6 February 1952 91
Queen Elizabeth II 6 February 1952 9 September 2022 554
King Charles III 9 September 2022 24
Buy Austrian Silver Philharmonics Online
Buy Austrian Silver Philharmonics Online
New Zealand: Details
Official NameNew Zealand
FlagFlag of New Zealand
Coat of ArmsCoat of Arms of of New Zealand
WikiSee Wikipedia page
Flag of Tokelau Tokelau 1889
Flag of Cook Islands Cook Islands 1965
Flag of Niue Niue 1974
New Zealand: Currencies Used