New Zealand: Coin Type Halfpenny - detailed information

New Zealand: Coin Type Halfpenny (issued 1940 - 1965)
Coin TypeHalfpenny

Initially, British and Australian coins circulated in New Zealand. The devaluation of the New Zealand pound relative to sterling in the 1930s led to the issue of distinct New Zealand coins in 1933, in denominations of 3d, 6d, 1s, 2s (the florin) and 2½s (the half-crown), minted in 50% silver until 1946 and in cupro-nickel from 1947. In 1940, bronze ½d and 1d coins were introduced.

All these denominations were the same size and weight as their equivalents in the Australian and UK coinage (although Australia never minted the half-crown).

The specifications for the coin were (in measurement units of the time):

Diameter of Coin: 1.003 inches
Standard Weight: 87.5 grains

The composition of the metal was:
1940-1941, 1945-1959: 95.5% copper, 3% tin and 1.5% zinc
1942-1945, 1959-1965: 97% copper, 0.5% tin and 2.5% zinc.

In regards to statistics, it has to be noted that the mintage figures provided by the Reserve Bank of New Zealand include, in some cases (like the 1953 mintages), the proof issue of the year while in most other cases they do not.

According to the Reserve Bank of New Zealand, the total mintage of the denomination during its existence was 49,251,800 (49 mln). Counting the (few) known proof mintages, the total mintage adds up to 49,276,815 (49 mln).

Obverse

Effigy of the monarch, legend.

During the existence of the denomination, ruling monarchs were King George VI and Queen Elizabeth II.

After the Independence of India in 1947, the title "Emperor" was dropped from the legend of King George VI.

Obverse Inscription
Reverse

A Māori hei-tiki (neck pendant) with ornamental tukutuku patterns on each side.

The reverse of this coin was designed by Leonard Cornwall Mitchell (1901-1971), born in Wellington. He was an important 20th Century New Zealand commercial artist and graphic designer. He completed a signwriting apprenticeship in Palmerston North, then worked at the "Government Publicity Department". Designed posters, booklet covers as well as coins as designing over 90 NZ stamps. Father of artist and owner of Wellington's mid century "Lambton Art Galleries" Victor Leonard William Mitchell.

Reverse InscriptionNEW ZEALAND HALF PENNY [year]
EdgePlain
Edge InscriptionNone
Notes

References to additional information:

[Book] Pepping, Robert. 2017. New Zealand History Coined. Wellington, New Zealand. pp 80-87.

All Coins of Type: Halfpenny (24)
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Halfpenny 1940 3,432,005 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR
Halfpenny 1941 960,000 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR
Halfpenny 1942 1,920,000 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR
Halfpenny 1944 2,035,200 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR
Halfpenny 1945 1,516,800 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR
Halfpenny 1946 3,120,000 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR
Halfpenny 1947 2,726,400 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR
Halfpenny 1949 1,766,400 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget KING GEORGE THE SIXTH
Halfpenny 1950 1,425,600 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget KING GEORGE THE SIXTH
Halfpenny 1951 2,342,400 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget KING GEORGE THE SIXTH
Halfpenny 1952 2,400,000 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget KING GEORGE THE SIXTH
Halfpenny 1953 727,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN · ELIZABETH · THE · SECOND +
Halfpenny 1954 240,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN · ELIZABETH · THE · SECOND +
Halfpenny 1955 240,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN · ELIZABETH · THE · SECOND +
Halfpenny 1956 1,200,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN · ELIZABETH · THE · SECOND +
Halfpenny 1957 1,440,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN · ELIZABETH · THE · SECOND +
Halfpenny 1958 1,920,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN · ELIZABETH · THE · SECOND +
Halfpenny 1959 1,920,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN · ELIZABETH · THE · SECOND +
Halfpenny 1960 2,400,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN · ELIZABETH · THE · SECOND +
Halfpenny 1961 2,880,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN · ELIZABETH · THE · SECOND +
Halfpenny 1962 2,880,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN · ELIZABETH · THE · SECOND +
Halfpenny 1963 1,680,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN · ELIZABETH · THE · SECOND +
Halfpenny 1964 2,880,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN · ELIZABETH · THE · SECOND +
Halfpenny 1965 5,225,010 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN · ELIZABETH · THE · SECOND +
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Halfpenny: Details
CountryNew Zealand
CurrencyNew Zealand Pound
From1940
To1965
Face Value1/2 (x Penny)
CurrentNo (demonetised 1967)
MaterialBronze
DesignerLeonard Cornwall Mitchell
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
Size (mm)25.4800
Mass (g)5.6699
Halfpenny: Photos
ImageDetails
Proof Coin - 1/2 Penny, New Zealand, 1940
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Tiki reverse (1940 - 1965).
Source
Proof Coin - 1/2 Penny, New Zealand, 1940
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George VI, Emperor (1940 - 1947).
Source
Proof Coin - 1/2 Penny, New Zealand, 1949
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George VI (1949 - 1952).
Source
New Zealand 1960 1/2 penny
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Queen Elizabeth II (1953 - 1965).
Source