New Zealand: Coins Issued and Used

Showing only circulating coin types (regular coinage plus circulating commemoratives).

New Zealand (1947 - )
Information about what currencies were issued by New Zealand, with lists of coinage, as well as periods when foreign-issued currencies were used.
Currency: New Zealand Pound. Used in New Zealand: (1840 - 1967)
CurrencyNew Zealand Pound
PeriodNew Zealand Pound
Used1840 - 1967
Description

The pound (symbol £, or NZ£ for distinction) was the currency of New Zealand from 1840 until 1967, when it was replaced by the New Zealand dollar.

Like the British pound, it was subdivided into 20 shillings (symbol s) each of 12 pence (symbol d). As a result of the great depression of the early 1930s, the New Zealand agricultural export market to the UK was badly affected. The Australian banks, which controlled the New Zealand exchanges with London, decided to devalue the New Zealand pound in relation to sterling in the UK. By 1933, the New Zealand pound had fallen to a value of only 16 shillings sterling. In 1948 however, it was once again restored to its original sterling value. In 1967, New Zealand decimalised its currency, replacing the pound with the dollar at a rate of $2 = £1 (or $1 = 10s).

Crown (demonetised 1967)
3 coins (1935 - 1953)
Coin NameMintage
Waitangi Crown 1935 1,128
Royal Visit Crown 1949 200,020
Coronation Crown 1953 257,000
Half Crown (demonetised 1967)
21 coins (1933 - 1965)
Florin (demonetised 2006)
23 coins (1933 - 1965)
Coin NameMintage
Florin 1933 2,100,020
Florin 1934 2,850,020
Florin 1935 755,364
Florin 1936 150,000
Florin 1937 1,190,200
Florin 1940 500,000
Florin 1941 820,000
Florin 1942 150,000
Florin 1943 1,400,000
Florin 1944 140,000
Florin 1945 515,000
Florin 1946 1,200,000
Florin 1947 2,500,020
Florin 1948 1,750,000
Florin 1949 3,500,000
Florin 1950 3,500,000
Florin 1951 2,000,000
Florin 1953 257,000
Florin 1961 1,500,000
Florin 1962 1,500,000
Florin 1963 100,000
Florin 1964 2,000,000
Florin 1965 9,475,010
Shilling (demonetised 2006)
28 coins (1933 - 1965)
Coin NameMintage
Shilling 1933 2,000,020
Shilling 1934 3,400,020
Shilling 1935 1,680,364
Shilling 1937 890,200
Shilling 1940 500,000
Shilling 1941 360,000
Shilling 1942 240,000
Shilling 1943 900,000
Shilling 1944 480,000
Shilling 1945 1,030,000
Shilling 1946 1,060,000
Shilling 1947 2,800,020
Shilling 1948 1,000,000
Shilling 1950 600,000
Shilling 1951 1,200,000
Shilling 1952 600,000
Shilling 1953 207,000
Shilling 1955 200,000
Shilling 1956 800,000
Shilling 1957 800,000
Shilling 1958 1,000,000
Shilling 1959 600,000
Shilling 1960 600,000
Shilling 1961 400,000
Shilling 1962 1,000,000
Shilling 1963 600,000
Shilling 1964 1,400,000
Shilling 1965 4,525,010
Sixpence (demonetised 2006)
31 coins (1933 - 1965)
Coin NameMintage
Sixpence 1933 3,000,020
Sixpence 1934 3,600,020
Sixpence 1935 560,364
Sixpence 1936 1,580,000
Sixpence 1937 1,280,000
Sixpence 1939 700,000
Sixpence 1940 800,000
Sixpence 1941 440,000
Sixpence 1942 360,000
Sixpence 1943 1,800,000
Sixpence 1944 1,160,000
Sixpence 1945 940,000
Sixpence 1946 2,120,000
Sixpence 1947 3,200,020
Sixpence 1948 2,000,000
Sixpence 1950 800,000
Sixpence 1951 1,800,000
Sixpence 1952 3,200,000
Sixpence 1953 1,207,000
Sixpence 1954 1,200,000
Sixpence 1955 1,600,000
Sixpence 1956 2,000,000
Sixpence 1957 2,400,000
Sixpence 1958 3,000,000
Sixpence 1959 2,000,000
Sixpence 1960 1,600,000
Sixpence 1961 800,000
Sixpence 1962 1,200,000
Sixpence 1963 800,000
Sixpence 1964 3,800,000
Sixpence 1965 8,625,010
Threepence (demonetised 1967)
31 coins (1933 - 1965)
Coin NameMintage
Threepence 1933 6,000,020
Threepence 1934 6,000,020
Threepence 1935 40,364
Threepence 1936 2,760,000
Threepence 1937 2,880,200
Threepence 1939 3,000,000
Threepence 1940 2,000,000
Threepence 1941 1,760,000
Threepence 1942 3,120,000
Threepence 1943 4,400,000
Threepence 1944 2,840,000
Threepence 1945 2,520,000
Threepence 1946 6,080,000
Threepence 1947 6,400,020
Threepence 1948 4,000,000
Threepence 1950 800,000
Threepence 1951 3,600,000
Threepence 1952 8,000,000
Threepence 1953 4,007,000
Threepence 1954 4,000,000
Threepence 1955 4,000,000
Threepence 1956 4,800,000
Threepence 1957 8,000,000
Threepence 1958 4,800,000
Threepence 1959 4,000,000
Threepence 1960 4,000,000
Threepence 1961 4,800,000
Threepence 1962 6,000,000
Threepence 1963 4,000,000
Threepence 1964 6,400,000
Threepence 1965 4,225,010
Penny (demonetised 1967)
25 coins (1940 - 1965)
Coin NameMintage
Penny 1940 5,424,005
Penny 1941 1,200,000
Penny 1942 3,120,000
Penny 1943 8,400,000
Penny 1944 3,696,000
Penny 1945 4,764,000
Penny 1946 6,720,000
Penny 1947 5,880,000
Penny 1949 2,016,000
Penny 1950 5,784,000
Penny 1951 6,888,000
Penny 1952 10,800,000
Penny 1953 2,407,000
Penny 1954 1,080,000
Penny 1955 3,720,000
Penny 1956 3,600,000
Penny 1957 2,400,000
Penny 1958 10,800,000
Penny 1959 8,400,000
Penny 1960 7,200,000
Penny 1961 7,200,000
Penny 1962 6,000,000
Penny 1963 2,400,000
Penny 1964 18,000,000
Penny 1965 (mint sets only) 225,010
Halfpenny (demonetised 1967)
24 coins (1940 - 1965)
Coin NameMintage
Halfpenny 1940 3,432,005
Halfpenny 1941 960,000
Halfpenny 1942 1,920,000
Halfpenny 1944 2,035,200
Halfpenny 1945 1,516,800
Halfpenny 1946 3,120,000
Halfpenny 1947 2,726,400
Halfpenny 1949 1,766,400
Halfpenny 1950 1,425,600
Halfpenny 1951 2,342,400
Halfpenny 1952 2,400,000
Halfpenny 1953 727,000
Halfpenny 1954 240,000
Halfpenny 1955 240,000
Halfpenny 1956 1,200,000
Halfpenny 1957 1,440,000
Halfpenny 1958 1,920,000
Halfpenny 1959 1,920,000
Halfpenny 1960 2,400,000
Halfpenny 1961 2,880,000
Halfpenny 1962 2,880,000
Halfpenny 1963 1,680,000
Halfpenny 1964 2,880,000
Halfpenny 1965 5,225,010
Currency: Pound Sterling (pre-decimal). Used in New Zealand: (1840 - 1935)
CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
PeriodPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Used1840 - 1935
Description

In early 1840, Captain William Hobson, RN, the first Governor of New Zealand, extended British laws to New Zealand. This meant that certain sections of the Imperial Coinage Act, 1816 (UK) became relevant to the new colony. This allowed for the standard gold, silver and bronze British coins to circulate freely in New Zealand alongside the existing variety of foreign coins. British coins were made legal tender in terms of the above act by the passing of the English Laws Act in 1858.

The Coinage Act, 1933 governed the currency, coinage and legal tender in New Zealand, and meant that British coin ceased to be legal tender as at 1st February 1935. New Zealand then became the last and most remote of the self-governing dominions of the British Commonwealth to introduce its own coinage.

Currency: New Zealand Dollar. Used in New Zealand: (1967 - present)
CurrencyNew Zealand Dollar
PeriodNew Zealand Dollar
Used1967 - present
Description

Prior to the introduction of the New Zealand dollar in 1967, the New Zealand pound was the currency of New Zealand, which had been distinct from the pound sterling since 1933. The pound used the £sd system, in which the pound was divided into 20 shillings and one shilling was divided into 12 pence, which by the 1950s was considered complicated and cumbersome.

Switching to decimal currency had been proposed in New Zealand since the 1930s, although only in the 1950s did any plans come to fruition. In 1957, a committee was set up by the Government to investigate decimal currency. The idea fell on fertile ground, and in 1963, the Government decided to decimalise New Zealand currency.

The Decimal Currency Act was passed in 1964, setting the date of transition to 10 July 1967. Words such as "kiwi" and "zeal" were proposed to avoid confusion with the word "dollar", which many people at the time associated with the United States dollar. In the end, the word "dollar" was chosen anyway, and an anthropomorphic dollar note cartoon character called "Mr. Dollar" became the symbol of transition in a huge publicity campaign.

The Decimal Currency Act prescribed the designs, diameters, and standard weights of the decimal coins. The reverses of the new decimal coins were all designed by Reginald George James Berry (known as James) of Wellington. The obverse design was by Arnold Machin (later superseded by other effigies of Her majesty).

On Monday 10 July 1967 ("Decimal Currency Day"), the New Zealand dollar was introduced to replace the pound at a rate of two dollars to one pound (one dollar to ten shillings, ten cents to one shilling, 5⁄6 cent to a penny). Some 27 million new banknotes were printed and 165 million new coins were minted for the changeover.

One Dollar
56 coins (1967 - 2015). Showing first 50 only.
Coin NameMintage
One Dollar 1967 300,010
One Dollar 1969 Captain Cook 500,000
One Dollar 1970 Cook Islands 30,100
One Dollar 1970 Mount Cook (Royal Visit) 335,010
One Dollar 1971 50,000
One Dollar 1972 53,045
One Dollar 1973 53,000
One Dollar 1974 Commonwealth Games 533,000
One Dollar 1974 New Zealand Day 55,000
One Dollar 1975 50,000
One Dollar 1976 58,000
One Dollar 1977 Waitangi Day 117,000
One Dollar 1978 Opening of Parliament (Beehive) 156,000
One Dollar 1979 110,000
One Dollar 1980 Fantail 159,000
One Dollar 1981 Royal Visit 138,000
One Dollar 1982 Takahe Bird 100,000
One Dollar 1983 Royal Visit 57,000
One Dollar 1983 50 Years NZ Coinage 100,000
One Dollar 1984 Black Robin 95,000
One Dollar 1985 Black Stilt 85,000
One Dollar 1986 Royal Visit 52,500
One Dollar 1986 Kakapo 73,500
One Dollar 1987 National Parks 73,500
One Dollar 1988 Penguin 63,500
One Dollar 1989 Runner 43,600
One Dollar 1989 Gymnast 43,600
One Dollar 1989 Swimmer 43,600
One Dollar 1989 Weight lifter 43,600
One Dollar 1990 Treaty of Waitangi 60,000
One Dollar 1990 40,018,000
One Dollar 1991 10,035,000
One Dollar 1992 (mint sets only) 24,000
One Dollar 1993 (mint sets only) 25,000
One Dollar 1994 (mint sets only) 20,600
One Dollar 1995 (mint sets only) 9,560
One Dollar 1996 (mint sets only) 9,150
One Dollar 1997 (mint sets only) 6,282
One Dollar 1998 (mint sets only) 6,000
One Dollar 1999 (mint sets only) 4,999
One Dollar 2000 5,003,500
One Dollar 2001 (mint sets only) 4,274
One Dollar 2002 8,005,500
One Dollar 2003 4,004,496
One Dollar 2004 2,705,750
One Dollar 2005 2,006,250
One Dollar 2006 (mint sets only) 5,100
One Dollar 2007 (mint sets only) 9,000
One Dollar 2008 11,008,000
One Dollar 2009 (mint sets only) 3,500
Fifty Cents
54 coins (1967 - 2018). Showing first 50 only.
Coin NameMintage
Fifty Cents 1967 10,300,010
Fifty Cents 1968 (mint sets only) 75,000
Fifty Cents 1969 (mint sets only) 100,000
Fifty Cents 1970 (mint sets only) 50,010
Fifty Cents 1971 1,143,200
Fifty Cents 1972 1,431,045
Fifty Cents 1973 2,531,000
Fifty Cents 1974 1,223,000
Fifty Cents 1975 3,825,000
Fifty Cents 1976 2,027,000
Fifty Cents 1977 2,032,000
Fifty Cents 1978 2,038,000
Fifty Cents 1979 2,441,000
Fifty Cents 1980 8,044,000
Fifty Cents 1981 4,043,000
Fifty Cents 1982 6,043,000
Fifty Cents 1983 (mint sets only) 43,000
Fifty Cents 1984 2,040,000
Fifty Cents 1985 2,032,000
Fifty Cents 1986 5,228,000
Fifty Cents 1987 3,628,000
Fifty Cents 1988 8,824,000
Fifty Cents 1989 (mint sets only) 23,500
Fifty Cents 1990 (mint sets only) 28,000
Fifty Cents 1990 150th Anniversary 17,000
Fifty Cents 1991 (mint sets only) 35,000
Fifty Cents 1992 (mint sets only) 24,000
Fifty Cents 1993 (mint sets only) 25,000
Fifty Cents 1994 (mint sets only) 63,000
Fifty Cents 1995 (mint sets only) 14,000
Fifty Cents 1996 (mint sets only) 7,719
Fifty Cents 1997 (mint sets only) 6,282
Fifty Cents 1998 (mint sets only) 6,000
Fifty Cents 1999 (mint sets only) 4,999
Fifty Cents 2000 (mint sets only) 4,500
Fifty Cents 2001 5,004,274
Fifty Cents 2002 3,004,500
Fifty Cents 2003 2,504,496
Fifty Cents 2004 2,004,550
Fifty Cents 2005 1,005,250
Fifty Cents 2006 (large, mint sets only) 5,100
Fifty Cents 2006 70,200,000
Fifty Cents 2007 (mint sets only) 9,000
Fifty Cents 2008 (mint sets only) 8,000
Fifty Cents 2009 20,003,500
Fifty Cents 2010 (mint sets only) 3,500
Fifty Cents 2011 (mint sets only) 4,700
Fifty Cents 2012 (mint sets only) 4,500
Fifty Cents 2013 (mint sets only) 3,500
Fifty Cents 2014 8,000,000
Twenty Cents
51 coins (1967 - 2015). Showing first 50 only.
Coin NameMintage
Twenty Cents 1967 13,300,010
Twenty Cents 1968 (mint sets only) 75,000
Twenty Cents 1969 2,600,000
Twenty Cents 1970 (mint sets only) 50,010
Twenty Cents 1971 1,620,000
Twenty Cents 1972 1,539,000
Twenty Cents 1973 3,051,000
Twenty Cents 1974 4,535,000
Twenty Cents 1975 5,027,000
Twenty Cents 1976 7,527,000
Twenty Cents 1977 7,532,000
Twenty Cents 1978 2,538,000
Twenty Cents 1979 8,041,000
Twenty Cents 1980 9,044,000
Twenty Cents 1981 7,543,000
Twenty Cents 1982 17,543,000
Twenty Cents 1983 2,543,000
Twenty Cents 1984 1,543,000
Twenty Cents 1985 6,032,000
Twenty Cents 1986 12,528,000
Twenty Cents 1987 14,028,000
Twenty Cents 1988 12,524,000
Twenty Cents 1989 5,023,500
Twenty Cents 1990 5,028,000
Twenty Cents 1990 150th Anniversary 17,000
Twenty Cents 1991 (mint sets only) 35,000
Twenty Cents 1992 (mint sets only) 24,000
Twenty Cents 1993 (mint sets only) 25,000
Twenty Cents 1994 (mint sets only) 11,600
Twenty Cents 1995 (mint sets only) 12,060
Twenty Cents 1996 (mint sets only) 7,719
Twenty Cents 1997 (mint sets only) 6,282
Twenty Cents 1998 (mint sets only) 6,000
Twenty Cents 1999 (mint sets only) 4,999
Twenty Cents 2000 (mint sets only) 4,500
Twenty Cents 2001 (mint sets only) 4,274
Twenty Cents 2002 7,004,500
Twenty Cents 2003 (mint sets only) 4,496
Twenty Cents 2004 8,504,550
Twenty Cents 2005 4,005,260
Twenty Cents 2006 (large, mint sets only) 5,100
Twenty Cents 2006 116,600,000
Twenty Cents 2007 (mint sets only) 9,000
Twenty Cents 2008 80,008,000
Twenty Cents 2009 (mint sets only) 3,500
Twenty Cents 2010 (mint sets only) 3,500
Twenty Cents 2011 (mint sets only) 4,700
Twenty Cents 2012 (mint sets only) 4,500
Twenty Cents 2013 (mint sets only) 3,500
Twenty Cents 2014 23,000,000
Ten Cents
53 coins (1967 - 2016). Showing first 50 only.
Coin NameMintage
Ten Cents 1967 17,300,010
Ten Cents 1968 (mint sets only) 75,000
Ten Cents 1969 3,050,000
Ten Cents 1970 2,066,010
Ten Cents 1971 2,828,000
Ten Cents 1972 2,047,000
Ten Cents 1973 3,533,000
Ten Cents 1974 4,627,000
Ten Cents 1975 7,025,000
Ten Cents 1976 5,027,000
Ten Cents 1977 5,032,000
Ten Cents 1978 16,038,000
Ten Cents 1979 6,041,000
Ten Cents 1980 28,044,000
Ten Cents 1981 5,043,000
Ten Cents 1982 18,043,000
Ten Cents 1983 (mint sets only) 43,000
Ten Cents 1984 (mint sets only) 40,000
Ten Cents 1985 8,032,000
Ten Cents 1986 (mint sets only) 28,000
Ten Cents 1987 21,028,000
Ten Cents 1988 23,736,000
Ten Cents 1989 9,023,100
Ten Cents 1990 150th Anniversary 17,000
Ten Cents 1990 (mint sets only) 28,000
Ten Cents 1991 (mint sets only) 35,000
Ten Cents 1992 (mint sets only) 24,000
Ten Cents 1993 (mint sets only) 25,000
Ten Cents 1994 (mint sets only) 11,600
Ten Cents 1995 (mint sets only) 9,560
Ten Cents 1996 12,967,719
Ten Cents 1997 8,006,282
Ten Cents 1998 (mint sets only) 6,000
Ten Cents 1999 (mint sets only) 4,999
Ten Cents 2000 11,006,000
Ten Cents 2001 10,004,274
Ten Cents 2002 10,004,500
Ten Cents 2003 13,004,496
Ten Cents 2004 6,504,550
Ten Cents 2005 2,005,250
Ten Cents 2006 (large, mint sets only) 5,100
Ten Cents 2006 140,200,000
Ten Cents 2007 15,009,000
Ten Cents 2007 (tuatara) 15,000
Ten Cents 2008 (mint sets only) 8,000
Ten Cents 2009 30,003,500
Ten Cents 2010 (mint sets only) 3,500
Ten Cents 2011 20,404,700
Ten Cents 2012 20,400,000
Ten Cents 2013 27,003,500
Two Cents (demonetised 1990)
23 coins (1967 - 1988)
One Cent (demonetised 1990)
22 coins (1967 - 1988)
Coin NameMintage
One Cent 1967 120,300,010
One Cent 1968 (mint sets only) 75,000
One Cent 1969 (mint sets only) 100,000
One Cent 1970 10,080,010
One Cent 1971 10,020,000
One Cent 1972 10,063,045
One Cent 1973 15,063,000
One Cent 1974 35,043,000
One Cent 1975 60,024,991
One Cent 1976 20,011,000
One Cent 1977 (mint sets only) 32,000
One Cent 1978 15,038,000
One Cent 1979 35,041,000
One Cent 1980 40,044,000
One Cent 1981 10,043,000
One Cent 1982 10,043,000
One Cent 1983 40,043,000
One Cent 1984 30,040,000
One Cent 1985 40,032,000
One Cent 1986 25,028,000
One Cent 1987 27,528,000
One Cent 1988 (mint sets only) 24,000
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