One Centime (Rappen), Coin Type from Switzerland - detailed information

One Centime (Rappen), Coin Type from Switzerland (issued 1850 - 2006)
Coin TypeOne Centime (Rappen)

The One Centime coin was the smallest circulating denomination of the Swiss Franc from its inception in 1850 until it was demonetised at the end of 2006. Given that Switzerland has four official languages, the sub-unit of the Franc has four different names; it is centime (c.) in French, Rappen (Rp.) in German, centesimo (ct.) in Italian and rap (rp.) in Romansh. Some English-language catalogues call the coin a "1 Rappen" coin, but the English-language publications of the Swiss National Bank and Swissmint prefer the word "1 centime".

Swissmint states that the first version of the coin was designed by Alexander Hutter and engraved by Jean-Jacques Barre of Monnaie de Paris (the Paris Mint), where Swiss coins were struck for the first couple of years after their introduction. This was used for almost a century until, in November 1947, the Swiss Federal Mint (now Swissmint) put out a call for new designs of the one and two centime coins, for which Josef Tannheimer won the first prize. Starting in 1948, these coins were minted with his designs, until they were discontinued in 2006 and 1974 respectively. Coins carrying the first design were demonetised on 1st February 1952.

Excluding the years of the Second World War, when coins were struck of zinc between 1942 and 1946, the size and composition of the 1 centime coin did not change; it was made of a bronze alloy of 95% copper, 4% tin and 1% zinc.

The 1-centime coin was still produced until 2006, albeit in ever decreasing quantities, but its importance declined. Those who could justify the use of 1-centime coins for monetary purposes could obtain them at face value; any other user (such as collectors) had to pay an additional four centimes per coin to cover the production costs, which had exceeded the actual face value of the coin for many years. The coin fell into disuse in the late 1970s and early 1980s, but was only officially fully withdrawn from circulation and declared to be no longer legal tender on 1 January 2007.

Obverse
Switzerland / One Centime (Rappen) - obverse photo

The first type obverse (1850 - 1946), designed by Alexander Hutter and engraved by Jean-Jacques Barre, features at its centre within a beaded circle the Swiss Coat of Arms (equilateral wide "Swiss" cross on a rounded triangular shield, thin vertical lines being a heraldic representation of the red background), with a broad-brimmed feathered hat on top, on a laurel branch (left) and an oak branch (right). The legend HELVETIA (the Latin name of the female personification of Switzerland) is around above. The date is around below.

The second type obverse (1948 - 2006), designed by Josef Tannheimer, features at its centre the Swiss cross only. The legend · HELVETIA · (larger than on earlier coins) is around above, separated by dots from the date around below.

Obverse Inscription HELVETIA [year]
Reverse
Switzerland / One Centime (Rappen) - reverse photo

The first type reverse (1850 - 1946), designed by Alexander Hutter and engraved by Jean-Jacques Barre, features at its centre within a beaded circle the numeral 1 representing the value, surrounded by a laurel wreath. The mint mark, A for the Paris Mint in 1850 and 1851, or B for Swissmint (previously known as the Bern / Berne Mint or the Federal Mint of Switzerland) thereafter, is under the ribbon tying the wreath.

The second type reverse (1948 - 2006), designed by Josef Tannheimer, features at its centre the numeral 1 representing the value, partly overlaid on an ear of wheat. The mint mark B for Swissmint is under the value, except for the years between 1970 to 1985 (incl.) when a mint mark was not displayed.

Reverse Inscription 1
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone
Coin Type: One Centime (Rappen) - (128) Coins (Page 2 of 2)
Coin NameMintageSymbolLegend
One Centime (Rappen) 1979 1,025,000 Swiss Cross · HELVETIA · 1979
One Centime (Rappen) 1980 1,040,000 Swiss Cross · HELVETIA · 1980
One Centime (Rappen) 1981 4,945,000 Swiss Cross · HELVETIA · 1981
One Centime (Rappen) 1982 6,665,000 Swiss Cross · HELVETIA · 1982
One Centime (Rappen) 1983 4,042,000 Swiss Cross · HELVETIA · 1983
One Centime (Rappen) 1984 4,009,000 Swiss Cross · HELVETIA · 1984
One Centime (Rappen) 1985 3,039,000 Swiss Cross · HELVETIA · 1985
One Centime (Rappen) 1986 2,031,000 Swiss Cross · HELVETIA · 1986
One Centime (Rappen) 1987 1,028,000 Swiss Cross · HELVETIA · 1987
One Centime (Rappen) 1988 2,029,000 Swiss Cross · HELVETIA · 1988
One Centime (Rappen) 1989 2,031,000 Swiss Cross · HELVETIA · 1989
One Centime (Rappen) 1990 1,032,000 Swiss Cross · HELVETIA · 1990
One Centime (Rappen) 1991 536,000 Swiss Cross · HELVETIA · 1991
One Centime (Rappen) 1992 528,000 Swiss Cross · HELVETIA · 1992
One Centime (Rappen) 1993 523,000 Swiss Cross · HELVETIA · 1993
One Centime (Rappen) 1994 2,023,000 Swiss Cross · HELVETIA · 1994
One Centime (Rappen) 1995 6,024,000 Swiss Cross · HELVETIA · 1995
One Centime (Rappen) 1996 1,023,000 Swiss Cross · HELVETIA · 1996
One Centime (Rappen) 1997 1,022,000 Swiss Cross · HELVETIA · 1997
One Centime (Rappen) 1998 1,021,000 Swiss Cross · HELVETIA · 1998
One Centime (Rappen) 1999 1,021,000 Swiss Cross · HELVETIA · 1999
One Centime (Rappen) 2000 1,026,000 Swiss Cross · HELVETIA · 2000
One Centime (Rappen) 2001 1,528,000 Swiss Cross · HELVETIA · 2001
One Centime (Rappen) 2002 2,030,000 Swiss Cross · HELVETIA · 2002
One Centime (Rappen) 2003 1,528,000 Swiss Cross · HELVETIA · 2003
One Centime (Rappen) 2004 1,529,000 Swiss Cross · HELVETIA · 2004
One Centime (Rappen) 2005 1,529,000 Swiss Cross · HELVETIA · 2005
One Centime (Rappen) 2006 30,000 Swiss Cross · HELVETIA · 2006
Showing 101 to 128 of 128 Coins.
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One Centime (Rappen): Details
CountrySwitzerland
CurrencySwiss Franc
Sub-types One Centime (Rappen), Hutter Design
One Centime (Rappen), Tannheimer Design
From1850
To2006
Face Value1 (x Centime)
CurrentNo (demonetised 2007)
MaterialBronze
Designer
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size16.000 mm
Thickness1.100 mm
Mass1.500 g
One Centime (Rappen): Photos
ImageDetails
Coin, Switzerland, Rappen 1900
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Notes: First reverse, bronze (1850 - 1941).
Source
Coin, Switzerland, Rappen 1944
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Notes: First reverse, zinc (1942 - 1946).
Source
Coin, Switzerland, Rappen 1949
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Notes: Second reverse (1948 - 2006).
Source
Coin, Switzerland, Rappen 1900
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Notes: First obverse, bronze (1850 - 1941).
Source
Coin, Switzerland, Rappen 1944
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Notes: First obverse, zinc (1942 - 1946).
Source
Coin, Switzerland, Rappen 1949
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Notes: Second obverse (1948 - 2006).
Source