Information about currency: Swiss Franc

Swiss Franc (1850 - present)
Currency NameSwiss Franc
System1 Franc = 100 Rappen

The franc (sign: Fr. or SFr.; German: Franken, French and Romansh: franc, Italian: franco; code: CHF) is the currency and legal tender of Switzerland and Liechtenstein; it is also legal tender in the Italian exclave Campione d'Italia. The Swiss National Bank (SNB) issues banknotes and the federal mint Swissmint issues coins.

Although 22 cantons and half-cantons issued coins between 1803 and 1850, less than 15% of the money in circulation in Switzerland in 1850 was locally produced, with the rest being foreign, mainly brought back by mercenaries. In addition, some private banks also started issuing the first banknotes, so that in total, at least 8000 different coins and notes were in circulation at that time, making the monetary system extremely complicated.

In order to solve this problem, the new Swiss Federal Constitution of 1848 specified that the federal government would be the only entity allowed to make money in Switzerland. This was followed two years later by the first Federal Coinage Act, passed by the Federal Assembly on 7 May 1850, which introduced the franc as the monetary unit of Switzerland. The franc was introduced at par with the French franc. It replaced the different currencies of the Swiss cantons, some of which had been using a franc (divided into 10 batzen and 100 centimes) which was worth  1 1⁄2 French francs.

The smaller denomination, a hundredth of a franc, is a Rappen (Rp.) in German, centime (c.) in French, centesimo (ct.) in Italian, and rap (rp.) in Romansh. The ISO code of the currency used by banks and financial institutions is CHF, although Fr. is also widely used by businesses and advertisers; some use SFr. for Swiss Franc; the Latinate "CH" stands for Confoederatio Helvetica.

Given the different languages used in Switzerland, Latin is used for language-neutral inscriptions on the coins.

Coin Types in currency: Swiss Franc (20)
Coin TypeTypeFromToSub-typesCoins
Five Francs Regular Circulating 1850 7 118
Two Francs Regular Circulating 1850 3 107
One Franc Regular Circulating 1850 3 113
Half Franc Regular Circulating 1850 3 114
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) Regular Circulating 1850 3 117
Ten Centimes (Rappen) Regular Circulating 1850 4 131
Five Centimes (Rappen) Regular Circulating 1850 5 140
Two Centimes (Rappen) Regular Circulating 1850 1974 2 65
One Centime (Rappen) Regular Circulating 1850 2006 2 128
Twenty Francs, Gold Regular Circulating 1897 1949 2 44
Ten Francs, Gold (Vreneli) Regular Circulating 1911 1922 8
One Hundred Francs, Gold (Vreneli) Regular Circulating 1925 1925 1
Fifty Francs, Gold (Pattern) Pattern 1955 1959 3
Twenty-five Francs, Gold Pattern 1955 1959 3
Twenty Francs, Silver Non-Circulating Legal Tender 1991 13
Five Francs, Bimetallic Non-Circulating Legal Tender 1999 2003 6
Fifty Francs Non-Circulating Legal Tender 2001 4
Ten Francs, Bimetallic Non-Circulating Legal Tender 2004 18
Quarter Franc Non-Circulating Legal Tender 2020 1
Unsorted Other 16
Royal Mint
Royal Mint
Swiss Franc: Details
Issued BySwitzerland
Swiss Franc: Users
Flag of Switzerland Switzerland Swiss Franc 1850
Flag of Liechtenstein Liechtenstein Swiss Franc 1920
Swiss Franc: Related Currencies
Flag of Liechtenstein Liechtenstein Liechtenstein Franc 1920