Information about mint: Monnaie de Paris (Paris Mint)

Monnaie de Paris (Paris Mint) (864 - present)

The Monnaie de Paris (Paris Mint), created in 864, is the oldest French institution. Administratively speaking, the "Direction of Coins and Medals" - the national mint - is an administration of the French government charged with issuing coins as well as producing medals and other similar items. Many ancient coins are housed in the collections maintained there.

Though in the Middle Ages there were numerous other mints in provincial cities officially issuing legitimate French coinage struck in the name of the ruler. For several centuries, the number of royal workshops varied. Some were repeatedly closed and reopened due to financial crises, while the needs of the king (financing wars, etc) and new territories annexed by the crown also caused frequent fluctuations in how many were active at any one time. During all this time, the Monnaie de Paris was always the prime issuer.

At the end of 1689 there were 22 mints in total, yet barely two years later this number had risen to 27.
The regional workshops gradually disappeared and in 1870 only three remained: Bordeaux, Paris and Strasbourg. By 1878, only Monnaie de Paris was still in operation.

While they existed as branch mints, the separate mints (some in occupied territory now in other countries) had the following mint marks:

Paris (A or no mint mark), 1795 - present
Metz (AA), 1797 - 1800
Rouen (B), 1796 - 1846; 1853 - 1857
Beaumont-le-Roger (B), 1941 - 1973
Strasbourg (BB), 1797 - 1870
Castelsarrasin (C), 1914; 1943 - 1946
Genua / Genova, Italy (CL), 1813 - 1814 (First Empire)
Lyon (D), 1796 - 1840; 1848 - 1858
Genève / Geneva, Switzerland (G), 1800 - 1805 (First Empire)
La Rochelle (H), 1803 - 1835
Limoges (I), 1797 - 1835
Bordeaux (K), 1797 - 1803
Bayonne (L), 1798 - 1835
Toulouse (M), 1803 - 1836
Marseille (M/A), 1801 - 1809
Perpignan (Q), 1797 - 1835
Orléans (R), 1797
Nantes (T), 1797 - 1820; 1826 - 1835
Lille (W), 1798 - 1846; 1853 - 1857
Ütrecht, Netherlands (a fish), 1812 - 1813 (First Empire)
Turin / Torino, Italy (U),1803 - 1813 (First Empire)
Rome, Italy (Crown / R), 1812 - 1813 (First Empire)

French money was also minted in London, UK (R) in 1815 (before the Restoration), Bruxelles / Brussels, Belgium (mint mark B. in 1874, B in a circle in 1939), and in the Philadelphia Mint, USA in 1944 due to the German occupation of France at the time.

The mint traditionally also puts privy marks on its coins one for the mint master (or equivalent title) and one for the chief engraver:

At different times, the Paris Mint was governed by the following people:
(with the title of Prepositus monetae Parisiansis):
1225 - 1226 Marcellus
1270 Pierre Barbez
1296 Thomas Buchart
1296 - 1311 Régnier Le Flamant
1296 - 1315 Guillaume Le Flamant

(with the title of Cussorum Moneta):
1315 - 1326 Pierre de Mante
1329 - 1337 post vacant
1436 - 1437 Jacques Cœur
1426 - 1485 Pierre Fromont
1488 - 1490 Martin Vivat
1489 - 1512 Laurent Sureau
1541 - 1555 Bastien de Riberolles

(with the title of Président de la Cour des Monnaies):
1555 Claude Bourgeois
1558 Jean Le Lieur
1571 François du Lion
1590 Claude Fauchet
1599 Guillaume Le Clerc
1610 Guillaume Lusson
1610 Jacques Poitevin
1642 André du Pajot
1662 Nicolas Cotignon
1664 Jacques Hosdier
1715 Louis Hosdier
1727 Étienne-Alexandre Choppin de Gouzangre
1772 René Choppin d’Arnouville
1781 - 1791 Étienne Jean Benoît Thevenin de Tanlay
1791 Jean Dupeyron de La Coste

(with the title of Directeur de fabrication de la Monnaie):
1794 Augustin Dupré
1794 Jean-Jacques-Joseph Anfrye
1795 - 1797 (An IV - An V - Revolutionary Year IV to Revolutionary Year V) Alexandre Roettiers de Montaleau
1797 (An V- Revolutionary Year V) - 1820 Charles de L’Espine
1821 - 1842 Jean-Pierre Collot
1843 - 1845 Alain Étienne Cambry
15 June 1845 - 13th October 1860 Charles Louis Dierickx (pointing hand)
1861 - 1879 Alfred Renouard de Bussière (bee)

(with the title of Directeur des monnaies et médailles):
1871 Zéphirin Camélinat
1875 - 1891 Jean-Louis Ruau
1891 - 1893 Georges de Liron d'Airolles
1893 - 1900 Alfred de Foville
1900 - 1907 François Arnauné14
1914 - 1915 Émile Jacquin
1915 - 1918 Louis Martin
1918 - 1925 Sylvestre Bouvier
1925 - 1927 Louis Formerie
1927 - 1934 Michel Dally
1934 - 1946 Étienne Moneclaey
1946 - 1952 Louis Vallon
1951 - 1952 Marcel Renaud
1952 - 1957 Yves Malecot
1957 - 1962 Robert Labonnelie
1962 - 1984 Pierre Dehaye
1984 - 1987 Jacques Campet
1987 - 1991 Patrice Cahart
1992 - 1995 Pierre Consigny
1995 - 1999 Emmanuel Constans
1999 - 2002 Françoise Saliou
2002 - 2007 Dov Zerah

(with the title of Président-Directeur général de la Monnaie):
2007 - 2017 Christophe Beaux
2017 - 2018 Aurélien Rousseau
27 November 2018 - present Marc Schwartz

The position of Engraver General of Currency was created in 1547, at a time when there were mints scattered all over France. Back in those days the Engraver General used to cut the original punches, which were then sent out to all the different mints. Since 2000, the title is "Responsable de l'Atelier de Gravure" - Head of the Engraving workshop.

Chief engravers and their privy marks:
1547 - 1557 Marc Béchot
1557 - 1582 Claude de Héry
1582 - 1599 Philippe Danfrie (the elder)
1599 - 1604 Philippe Danfrie (the younger)
1605 - 1625 Nicolas Briot
1626 - 1630 Pierre Régnier
1630 - 1646 Jehan Darmand, also called L'Orphelin
1646 - 1672 Jean Warin
1672 - 1681 François Warin
1682 - 1703 Joseph Roettiers
1704 - 1727 Norbert Roettiers
1727 - 1753 Joseph-Charles Roettiers
1753 - 1772 Charles-Norbert Roettiers
1772 - 1774 Joseph-Charles Roettiers
1774 - 1791 Pierre-Simon-Benjamin Duvivier
1791 - 1803 (An IV - An XI) Augustin Dupré
1803 (An XI) -1816 Pierre-Joseph Tiolier
11 September 1816 - 31 December 1842 Nicolas-Pierre Tiolier (horse head and star)
1 January 1843 - 14 February 1855 Jacques-Jean Barre (greyhound)
27 February 1855 - 31 December 1878 Désiré-Albert Barre (anchor)
4 October 1870 - 23 June 1871 Bertrand Marchais - interim Chief Engraver, from Bordeaux
1 January 1879 - 31 December 1879 Jean-Auguste Barre (anchor with a bar)
1880 - 1896 Jean Lagrange (fasces)
1896 - 1930 Henry Patey (torch)
1931 - 1958 Lucien Bazor (bird's wing)
October 1957 - April 1974 Raymond Joly (owl)
April 1974 - February 1994 Émile Rousseau (dolphin)
3 February 1994 - 28 February 2001 Pierre Rodier (bee)
2001 - 2002 Gérard Buquoy, head of the engraving workshop (horseshoe)
2002 - 2003 Serge Levet, head of the engraving workshop (stylised heart)
2004 - 2010 Hubert Larivière, head of the engraving workshop (hunting horn, a wave and a fish)
2011 - 2020 Yves Sampo, head of the engraving workshop (pentagon rosette with stylised letters ag mp ys, for Atelier de Gravure, Monnaie de Paris and Yves Sampo)
July 2022 - present Joaquin Jimenez (square whose upper left quarter is occupied by a smaller square - symbolising his initials JJ, plus a stylised rhinoceros head)

Coin Types predominantly or exclusively minted by: Monnaie de Paris (Paris Mint) (9)
Coins struck by: Monnaie de Paris (Paris Mint) (139)
CountryYearNameMintageMint Mark
France, Kingdom of 1702 Double Louis d'Or 1702 unknown None
France, Kingdom of 1703 Double Louis d'Or 1703 unknown None
France, Kingdom of 1717 Quarter Ecu 1717 unknown None
France, Kingdom of 1723 Double Louis d'Or 1723 unknown None
France, Kingdom of 1755 Two Sols 1755 unknown None
Monaco 1837 Five Centimes 1837 unknown None
Monaco 1838 One Decime 1838 unknown None
Switzerland 1850 Five Francs 1850 250,000 Letter A
Switzerland 1850 Two Francs 1850 2,500,000 Letter A
Switzerland 1850 One Franc 1850 2,875,000 Letter A
Switzerland 1850 Half Franc 1850 2,250,000 Letter A
Switzerland 1850 Two Centimes (Rappen) 1850 7,290,000 Letter A
Switzerland 1850 One Centime (Rappen) 1850 2,270,000 Letter A
Switzerland 1851 Five Francs 1851 250,000 Letter A
Switzerland 1851 One Franc 1851 2,875,000 Letter A
Switzerland 1851 Half Franc 1851 2,250,000 Letter A
Switzerland 1851 Two Centimes (Rappen) 1851 3,720,000 Letter A
Switzerland 1851 One Centime (Rappen) 1851 2,730,000 Letter A
France, First Restoration and Second Kingdom 1858 Half Franc 1858 unknown Letter A
Monaco 1878 Twenty Francs 1878 unknown None
Monaco 1879 Twenty Francs 1879 50,000 None
Monaco 1882 One Hundred Francs 1882 5,000 None
Monaco 1884 One Hundred Francs 1884 15,000 None
Monaco 1886 One Hundred Francs 1886 15,000 None
France 1887 One Hundred Francs 1887 234 None
France 1889 Five Francs Gold 1889 40 Letter A
France 1889 Fifty Francs 1889 100 None
France 1889 Fifty Francs Gold 1889 100 Letter A
Monaco 1891 One Hundred Francs 1891 20,000 None
Switzerland 1894 Two Francs 1894 700,000 Letter A
Switzerland 1894 One Franc 1894 1,200,000 Letter A
Switzerland 1894 Half Franc 1894 800,000 Letter A
Monaco 1895 One Hundred Francs 1895 20,000 None
France 1896 One Hundred Francs 1896 400 None
Monaco 1896 One Hundred Francs 1896 unknown None
Russia, Empire of 1896 One Rouble 1896 12,000,000 None
Cretan State 1900 Twenty Lepta 1900 1,250,000 Letter A
Cretan State 1900 Ten Lepta 1900 2,000,000 Letter A
Cretan State 1900 Five Lepta 1900 4,000,000 Letter A
Cretan State 1900 Two Lepta 1900 793,079 Letter A
Cretan State 1900 One Lepton 1900 289,283 Letter A
Bulgaria 1901 Two Stotinki 1901 40,000,000 Cornucopia and Torch
Bulgaria 1901 One Stotinka 1901 20,000,000 Cornucopia and Torch
Cretan State 1901 Five Drachmai 1901 150,000 Cornucopia and Torch
Cretan State 1901 Two Drachmai 1901 175,000 Cornucopia and Torch
Cretan State 1901 One Drachma 1901 500,000 Cornucopia and Torch
Cretan State 1901 Fifty Lepta 1901 600,000 Cornucopia and Torch
Cretan State 1901 Two Lepta 1901 707,000 Letter A
Cretan State 1901 One Lepton 1901 1,710,717 Letter A
Monaco 1901 One Hundred Francs 1901 15,000 None
Monaco 1904 One Hundred Francs 1904 10,000 None
Montenegro, Kingdom of 1909 Five Perpera 1909 unknown None
Montenegro, Kingdom of 1909 One Perper 1909 unknown None
Uruguay 1930 Five Pesos 1930 unknown None
French Indochina 1939 One Cent 1939 unknown None
Monaco 1945 Twenty Francs 1945 1,100 None
French Somaliland 1948 Five Francs 1948 500,000 None
French Somaliland 1948 Five Francs 1948 Essai 2,000 None
French Somaliland 1948 One Franc 1948 Essai 2,000 None
French Somaliland 1948 Two Francs 1948 Essai 2,104 No mint mark
Madagascar, French 1948 Two Francs 1948 unknown None
Monaco 1950 Ten Francs 1950 unknown None
Monaco 1950 Ten Francs Gold 1950 500 None
Monaco 1950 One Hundred Francs 1950 1,700 None
Monaco 1950 Fifty Francs 1950 450 None
Monaco 1950 Fifty Francs 1950 Pattern 1,700 None
French Somaliland 1952 Twenty Francs 1952 500,000 No mint mark
French Somaliland 1952 Twenty Francs 1952 Essai 1,200 None
Monaco 1956 One Hundred Francs 1956 500 None
French Somaliland 1959 Five Francs 1959 500,000 None
French Somaliland 1959 One Franc 1959 500,000 None
French Somaliland 1959 Twenty Francs 1959 500,000 None
Monaco 1960 Five Francs 1960 500 None
Monaco 1960 One Franc 1960 Pattern unknown None
Monaco 1960 One Franc Gold 1960 Pattern 500 None
Monaco 1960 One Franc 1960 unknown None
Monaco 1960 Five Francs 1960 Pattern 500 None
Monaco 1960 Five Francs Gold 1960 Pattern 500 None
Monaco 1962 Twenty Centimes Gold 1962 Pattern 502 None
Monaco 1962 Ten Centimes Gold 1962 Pattern 502 None
Monaco 1962 Fifty Centimes 1962 Pattern 1,200 None
Monaco 1962 Fifty Centimes Gold 1962 Pattern 502 None
French Somaliland 1965 Ten Francs 1965 Essai 2,000 None
Monaco 1965 Half Franc 1965 2,000 None
Monaco 1965 Half Franc Gold 1965 Pattern 1,000 None
Monaco 1965 Half Franc 1963 Pattern 2,000 None
Monaco 1966 Ten Francs 1966 Marriage Anniversary 24,000 None
Monaco 1966 Two Hundred Francs 1966 1,000 None
Monaco 1966 Five Francs Gold 1966 Pattern 500 None
Monaco 1966 Ten Francs 1966 Pattern 100 None
Monaco 1966 Ten Francs 1966 100 None
Monaco 1971 Five Francs Gold 1971 500 None
Monaco 1971 Five Francs Gold 1971 Pattern 500 None
Monaco 1971 Five Francs 1971 1,000 None
Monaco 1974 One Hundred Francs 1974 25,000 None
Monaco 1974 Fifty Francs 1974 1,000 None
Monaco 1974 Five Francs Gold 1974 Pattern 1,000 None
Monaco 1974 Ten Francs Gold 1974 Pattern 1,000 None
Monaco 1974 Three Thousand Francs 1974 5,000 None
Monaco 1976 One Centime 1976 1,600 None
Showing 1 to 100 of 139 coins.
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Monnaie de Paris (Paris Mint): Details
From Year864
CountryFrance
LocationPessac, Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Web(official site)
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Mint Marks used by: Monnaie de Paris (Paris Mint)
Cornucopia and Torch

Strictly speaking, this is not a mint mark but two separate privy marks. A small cornucopia is the privy mark of the Director of the Paris Mint. A small torch is the privy mark of Henri-Auguste Patey, Chief Engraver of the Paris Mint 1896 - 1926. They are usually placed separately on a coin.

Letter A

The usual mint mark for the Paris Mint was the letter A. It was also combined with privy marks for the Director of the Mint and the Chief Engraver.

No mint mark

On some coins, the Paris Mint has no mint mark.