Information about mint: Monnaie de Paris (Paris Mint)

Monnaie de Paris (Paris Mint) (864 - present)

The Monnaie de Paris (Paris Mint), created in 864, is the oldest French institution. Administratively speaking, the "Direction of Coins and Medals", the national mint is an administration of the French government charged with issuing coins as well as producing medals and other similar items. Many ancient coins are housed in the collections maintained there.

Though in the Middle Ages there were numerous other mints in provincial cities officially issuing legitimate French coinage struck in the name of the ruler. For several centuries, the number of royal workshops varied. Some were repeatedly closed and reopened due to financial crises, while the needs of the king (financing wars, etc) and new territories annexed by the crown also caused frequent fluctuations in how many were active at any one time. During all this time, the Monnaie de Paris was always the prime issuer.

At the end of 1689 there were 22 mints in total, yet barely two years later this number had risen to 27.
The regional workshops gradually disappeared and in 1870 only three remained: Bordeaux, Paris and Strasbourg. By 1878, only Monnaie de Paris was still in operation.

While they existed as branch mints, the separate mints (some in occupied territory now in other countries) had the following mint marks:

Paris (A or no mint mark), 1795 - present
Metz (AA), 1797 - 1800
Rouen (B), 1796 - 1846; 1853 - 1857
Beaumont-le-Roger (B), 1941 - 1973
Strasbourg (BB), 1797 - 1870
Castelsarrasin (C), 1914; 1943 - 1946
Genua / Genova, Italy (CL), 1813 - 1814 (First Empire)
Lyon (D), 1796 - 1840; 1848 - 1858
Genève / Geneva, Switzerland (G), 1800 - 1805 (First Empire)
La Rochelle (H), 1803 - 1835
Limoges (I), 1797 - 1835
Bordeaux (K), 1797 - 1803
Bayonne (L), 1798 - 1835
Toulouse (M), 1803 - 1836
Marseille (M/A), 1801 - 1809
Perpignan (Q), 1797 - 1835
Orléans (R), 1797
Nantes (T), 1797 - 1820; 1826 - 1835
Lille (W), 1798 - 1846; 1853 - 1857
Ütrecht, Netherlands (a fish), 1812 - 1813 (First Empire)
Turin / Torino, Italy (U),1803 - 1813 (First Empire)
Rome, Italy (Crown / R), 1812 - 1813 (First Empire)

French money was also minted in London, UK (R) in 1815 (before the Restoration), Bruxelles / Brussels, Belgium (mint mark B in a circle) in 1939, and in the Philadelphia Mint, USA in 1944 due to the German occupation of France at the time.

At different times, the Paris Mint was governed by the following people:
(with the title of Prepositus monetae Parisiansis):
Marcellus 1225 - 1226
Pierre Barbez 1270
Thomas Buchart 1296
Régnier Le Flamant 1296 - 1311
Guillaume Le Flamant 1296 - 1315

(with the title of Cussorum Moneta):
Pierre de Mante 1315 - 1326
Jacques Cœur 1436 - 1437
Pierre Fromont 1426 - 1485
Martin Vivat 1488 - 1490
Laurent Sureau 1489 - 1512
Bastien de Riberolles 1541 - 1555

(with the title of Président de la Cour des Monnaies):
Claude Bourgeois 1555
Jean Le Lieur 1558
François du Lion 1571
Claude Fauchet 1590
Guillaume Le Clerc 1599
Guillaume Lusson 1610
Jacques Poitevin 1637
André du Pajot 1642
Nicolas Cotignon 1662
Jacques Hosdier 1664
Louis Hosdier 1715
Étienne-Alexandre Choppin de Gouzangre 1727
René Choppin d’Arnouville 1772
Étienne Jean Benoît Thevenin de Tanlay 1781 - 1791
Jean Dupeyron de La Coste 1791

(with the title of Directeur de fabrication de la Monnaie):
Augustin Dupré 1794
Jean-Jacques-Joseph Anfrye 1794
Alexandre Roettiers de Montaleau 1795 - 1797 (Revolutionary Year IV to Revolutionary Year V)
Charles de L’Espine 1797 (Revolutionary Year V) - 1820
Jean-Pierre Collot 1821 - 1842
Alain Étienne Cambry 1843 - 1845
Charles Louis Dierickx, 15th June 1845 to 13th October 1860, privy mark: pointing hand
Alfred Renouard de Bussière 1861 - 1879, privy mark: bee

(with the title of Directeur des monnaies et médailles):
1871 Zéphirin Camélinat
1875 - 1891 Jean-Louis Ruau
1891 - 1893 Georges de Liron d'Airolles
1893 - 1900 Alfred de Foville
1900 - 1907 François Arnauné14
1914 - 1915 Émile Jacquin
1915 - 1918 Louis Martin
1918 - 1925 Sylvestre Bouvier
1925 - 1927 Louis Formerie
1927 - 1934 Michel Dally
1934 - 1946 Étienne Moneclaey
1946 - 1952 Louis Vallon
1951 - 1952 Marcel Renaud
1952 - 1957 Yves Malecot
1957 - 1962 Robert Labonnelie
1962 - 1984 Pierre Dehaye
1984 - 1987 Jacques Campet
1987 - 1991 Patrice Cahart
1992 - 1995 Pierre Consigny
1995 - 1999 Emmanuel Constans
1999 - 2002 Françoise Saliou
2002 - 2007 Dov Zerah

(with the title of Président-Directeur général de la Monnaie):
2007 - 2017 Christophe Beaux15
2017 - 2018 Aurélien Rousseau16
2018 - present Marc Schwartz

Coin Types predominantly or exclusively minted by: Monnaie de Paris (Paris Mint) (9)
Coins struck by: Monnaie de Paris (Paris Mint) (25)
CountryYearNameMintageMint Mark
Switzerland 1850 Two Francs 1850 2,500,000 Letter A
Switzerland 1850 One Franc 1850 2,875,000 Letter A
Switzerland 1850 Half Franc 1850 2,250,000 Letter A
Switzerland 1850 Two Centimes (Rappen) 1850 7,290,000 Letter A
Switzerland 1850 One Centime (Rappen) 1850 2,270,000 Letter A
Switzerland 1851 Two Francs 1851 1,250,000 Letter A
Switzerland 1851 One Franc 1851 2,875,000 Letter A
Switzerland 1851 Half Franc 1851 2,250,000 Letter A
Switzerland 1851 Two Centimes (Rappen) 1851 3,720,000 Letter A
Switzerland 1851 One Centime (Rappen) 1851 2,730,000 Letter A
Switzerland 1894 Two Francs 1894 700,000 Letter A
Switzerland 1894 One Franc 1894 1,200,000 Letter A
Cretan State 1900 Twenty Lepta 1900 1,250,000 Letter A
Cretan State 1900 Ten Lepta 1900 2,000,000 Letter A
Cretan State 1900 Five Lepta 1900 4,000,000 Letter A
Cretan State 1900 Two Lepta 1900 793,079 Letter A
Cretan State 1900 One Lepton 1900 289,283 Letter A
Bulgaria 1901 Two Stotinki 1901 40,000,000 Cornucopia and Torch
Bulgaria 1901 One Stotinka 1901 20,000,000 Cornucopia and Torch
Cretan State 1901 Five Drachmai 1901 150,000 Cornucopia and Torch
Cretan State 1901 Two Drachmai 1901 175,000 Cornucopia and Torch
Cretan State 1901 One Drachma 1901 500,000 Cornucopia and Torch
Cretan State 1901 Fifty Lepta 1901 600,000 Cornucopia and Torch
Cretan State 1901 Two Lepta 1901 707,000 Letter A
Cretan State 1901 One Lepton 1901 1,710,717 Letter A
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Monnaie de Paris (Paris Mint): Details
From Year864
CountryFrance
LocationParis
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Mint Marks used by: Monnaie de Paris (Paris Mint)
Cornucopia and Torch

Strictly speaking, this is not a mint mark but two separate privy marks. A small cornucopia is the privy mark of the Director of the Paris Mint. A small torch is the privy mark of Henri-Auguste Patey, Chief Engraver of the Paris Mint 1896 - 1926. They are usually placed separately on a coin.

Letter A

The usual mint mark for the Paris Mint was the letter A. It was also combined with privy marks for the Director of the Mint and the Chief Engraver.