United Kingdom: Coin Type Fifty Pence (Large) - detailed information

United Kingdom: Coin Type Fifty Pence (Large) (issued 1969 - 1997)
Coin TypeFifty Pence (Large)

The British decimal fifty pence (50p) coin - often pronounced fifty pee - is a unit of currency equalling one half of a pound sterling. It is a seven-sided coin formed as an equilateral-curve heptagon, or Reuleaux polygon - a curve of constant width, meaning that the diameter is constant across any bisection. This shape, which was revolutionary at the time, made it easily distinguishable from round coins both by feel and by sight, while its constant breadth allowed it to roll in vending machines.

The denomination was introduced in October 1969 when the 50p joined the 5p (shilling) and 10p (florin) coins in circulation, leaving only the three copper coins to be introduced on 15 February 1971 to complete the new series of decimal coins; unlike other coin types at the time though, the 50 pence coin was not made equivalent to a pre-decimal coin (it was the same as a crown in value but not in appearance or size).

Twenty pence and fifty pence coins are legal tender only up to the sum of £10; this means that it is permissible to refuse payment of sums greater than this amount in 20p and 50p coins in order to settle a debt.

With the introduction of smaller 5p and 10p coins in 1990 and 1992 respectively, the 50p became the largest coin in circulation. In October 1994 the Government announced a further review of the United Kingdom coinage. The results revealed a requirement for a smaller 50p coin, which was duly introduced on 1 September 1997. The older (large) coins were removed from circulation and demonetised in 1998. The design of the new (small) type remained unchanged.

The large 50p has also been used on three occasions to celebrate important events, each being commemorated by a new reverse design.

Obverse
United Kingdom / Fifty Pence (Large) - obverse photo

Portrait of the ruling British monarch, legend (in Latin), date.

Obverse InscriptionELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
Reverse
United Kingdom / Fifty Pence (Large) - reverse photo

The reverse features a figure of Britannia - traditional on British coinage since 1672. She is seated beside a lion, with a shield decorated with the crosses of the union flag resting against her right side, holding a trident in her right hand and an olive branch in her left hand, with the figure 50 below (in exergue) and the inscription NEW PENCE (1962-1982) or FIFTY PENCE (1982-1997) around above.

Reverse Inscription50 NEW PENCE (1962-1982) or 50 FIFTY PENCE (1982-1997)
EdgePlain
Edge InscriptionNone
All Coins of Type: Fifty Pence (Large) (27)
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Fifty Pence 1969 188,400,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1969
Fifty Pence 1970 19,461,500 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1970
Fifty Pence 1971 (Proof only) 350,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1971
Fifty Pence 1972 (Proof only) 150,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1972
Fifty Pence 1974 (Proof only) 100,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1974
Fifty Pence 1975 (Proof only) 100,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1975
Fifty Pence 1976 43,846,500 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1969
Fifty Pence 1977 49,729,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1977
Fifty Pence 1978 72,091,600 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1978
Fifty Pence 1979 58,761,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1979
Fifty Pence 1980 89,229,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1980
Fifty Pence 1981 74,105,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1981
Fifty Pence 1982 51,623,800 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1982
Fifty Pence 1983 63,569,804 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1983
Fifty Pence 1984 (Proof and mint sets only) 265,340 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1984
Fifty Pence 1985 962,493 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1985
Fifty Pence 1986 (Proof and mint sets only) 271,821 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1986
Fifty Pence 1987 (Proof and mint sets only) 261,084 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1987
Fifty Pence 1988 (Proof and mint sets only) 213,381 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1988
Fifty Pence 1989 (Proof and mint sets only) 163,273 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1989
Fifty Pence 1990 (Proof and mint sets only) 181,658 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1990
Fifty Pence 1991 (Proof and mint sets only) 130,119 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1991
Fifty Pence 1992 (Britannia, in sets only) 140,747 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1992
Fifty Pence 1993 (Proof and mint sets only) 123,025 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1993
Fifty Pence 1995 (Proof and mint sets only) 166,286 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1995
Fifty Pence 1996 (Proof and mint sets only) 154,082 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1996
Fifty Pence 1997 (Large, proof and sets only) 190,305 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1997
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Royal Mint Bullion
Royal Mint Bullion
Fifty Pence (Large): Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling
Sub-type ofFifty Pence
From1969
To1997
Face Value50 (x Penny)
CurrentNo (demonetised 1998)
MaterialCuproNickel
DesignerChristopher Ironside
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeHeptagon
Size (mm)30
Thickness (mm)1.7800
Mass (g)13.5000
Fifty Pence (Large): Photos
ImageDetails
Coin, Great Britain, Elizabeth II, 50 Pence, 1984
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source
Coin, Great Britain, Elizabeth II, 50 Pence, 1984
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source