Information about effigy: Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait, by Raphael Maklouf

Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait, by Raphael Maklouf

In 1982 the British Royal Mint invited 17 artists to submit portrait models to be considered as a replacement for the Arnold Machin ("Second") portrait of Queen Elizabeth II. The Royal Mint Advisory Committee on the Design of Coins, Medals, Seals and Decorations considered 38 models. The Committee selected a group of models by Raphael Maklouf as most promising.

A revised model was recommended by the Committee and accepted by the Queen for use on circulating United Kingdom coinage from 1 January 1985. Although it is not mandatory for other Commonwealth countries to use the same portrait as the United Kingdom uses, most of them decided that the Maklouf effigy would be adopted on their coinage too from 1985.

According to the Royal Mint, "The couped portrait - cut off at the neck - shows the Queen with the royal diadem which she wears on her way to and from the State Opening of Parliament. Unlike the Gillick and Machin portraits of The Queen, Raphael Maklouf’s portrait also included a necklace and earrings. Having been accused by some of sculpting The Queen ‘flatteringly young’, the artist responded that such critics had misunderstood his intention which was ‘to create a symbol, regal and ageless’.

A close examination reveals the artist’s initials, RDM, on the truncation of the neck. The inclusion of the middle letter - for David - was to ensure that the signature would not be misinterpreted as a reference to The Royal Mint."

This "Third Portrait" of Queen Elizabeth II was superseded in most Commonwealth countries by Ian Rank-Broadley's design in 1998. The exception was Fiji, which became a republic in 1987 and was later suspended from the Commonwealth, so was not authorised to use the new portrait; even though the country was a republic, it continued to feature the Maklouf effigy of Queen Elizabeth II on its coinage until 2010.

Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait, by Raphael Maklouf - showing 100 of 585 coins (Page 1 of 6)
CountryNameMintageLegend
Australia Ten Dollars 1985 137,557 ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1985
Australia Two Cents 1985 32,600,000 ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1985
Australia Twenty Cents 1985 2,775,000 ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1985
Australia One Cent 1985 45,900,000 ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1985
Australia One Dollar 1985 96,200,000 ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1985
Australia Fifty Cents 1985 1,075,000 ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1985
Australia Ten Cents 1985 2,175,000 ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1985
Australia Two Hundred Dollars 1985 45,877 ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1985
Australia Five Cents 1985 (mint sets only) 245,000 ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1985
United Kingdom Double Sovereign 1985 (Proof only) 5,849 ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · F · D
United Kingdom Twenty Pence 1985 74,554,089 ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D ·
United Kingdom Sovereign 1985 (Proof only) 11,393 ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · F · D
United Kingdom Half Sovereign 1985 (Proof only) 9,951 ELIZABETH II DEI · GRA · REG · F · D
United Kingdom Two Pence 1985 107,393,390 ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1985
United Kingdom Five Sovereigns 1985 19,756 ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · F · D
United Kingdom Ten Pence 1985 (mint sets only) 280,390 ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1985
United Kingdom One Pound 1985 Leek and Diadem 228,735,989 ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1985
United Kingdom Fifty Pence 1985 962,493 ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1985
United Kingdom Five Pence 1985 (mint sets only) 280,390 ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1985
United Kingdom One Penny 1985 200,885,635 ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1985
Australia One Dollar 1986 Year of Peace 25,167,000 ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1986
Australia Five Cents 1986 (mint sets only) 247,000 ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1986
Australia Two Cents 1986 (mint sets only) 247,000 ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1986
Australia Ten Cents 1986 (mint sets only) 247,000 ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1986
Australia Twenty Cents 1986 (mint sets only) 247,000 ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1986
Australia Fifty Cents 1986 (mint sets only) 247,000 ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1986
Australia One Cent 1986 (mint sets only) 247,000 ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1986
Australia Two Hundred Dollars 1986 31,952 ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1986
Fiji Two Cents 1986 1,700,000 ELIZABETH II FIJI 1986
Fiji One Cent 1986 3,400,000 ELIZABETH II FIJI 1986
Fiji Five Cents 1986 1,200,000 ELIZABETH II FIJI 1986
Fiji Fifty Cents 1986 160,000 ELIZABETH II FIJI 1986
Fiji Ten Cents 1986 740,000 ELIZABETH II FIJI 1986
Fiji Twenty Cents 1986 360,000 ELIZABETH II FIJI 1986
New Zealand One Dollar 1986 Royal Visit 52,500 ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1986
New Zealand Ten Cents 1986 (mint sets only) 28,000 ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1986
New Zealand Twenty Cents 1986 12,528,000 ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1986
New Zealand Fifty Cents 1986 5,228,000 ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1986
New Zealand One Cent 1986 25,028,000 ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1986
New Zealand Two Cents 1986 (mint sets only) 28,000 ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1986
New Zealand Five Cents 1986 18,028,000 ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1986
New Zealand One Dollar 1986 Kakapo 73,500 ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1986
United Kingdom One Penny 1986 370,260,951 ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1986
United Kingdom Two Pounds 1986 XIII Commonwealth Games 8,484,005 ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D · TWO POUNDS ·
United Kingdom Ten Pence 1986 (mint sets only) 271,821 ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1986
United Kingdom Fifty Pence 1986 (mint sets only) 271,821 ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1986
United Kingdom Sovereign 1986 (Proof only) 5,079 ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · F · D
United Kingdom Five Pence 1986 (mint sets only) 271,821 ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1986
United Kingdom Twenty Pence 1986 (mint sets only) 271,821 ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D ·
United Kingdom Half Sovereign 1986 (Proof only) 4,575 ELIZABETH II DEI · GRA · REG · F · D
United Kingdom Five Sovereigns 1986 7,723 ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · F · D
United Kingdom Two Pence 1986 169,239,321 ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1986
United Kingdom One Pound 1986 Flax and Diadem 10,701,230 ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1986
Australia One Cent 1987 127,000,000 ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1987
Australia One Dollar 1987 (mint sets only) 270,000 ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1987
Australia Five Cents 1987 73,570,000 ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1987
Australia Twenty Cents 1987 (mint sets only) 270,000 ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1987
Australia Ten Cents 1987 (mint sets only) 270,000 ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1987
Australia Two Cents 1987 (mint sets only) 270,000 ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1987
Australia Fifty Cents 1987 (mint sets only) 270,000 ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1987
Fiji Fifty Cents 1987 160,000 ELIZABETH II FIJI 1987
Fiji Five Cents 1987 1,200,000 ELIZABETH II FIJI 1987
Fiji Two Cents 1987 1,700,000 ELIZABETH II FIJI 1987
Fiji One Cent 1987 3,400,000 ELIZABETH II FIJI 1987
Fiji Twenty Cents 1987 360,000 ELIZABETH II FIJI 1987
Fiji Ten Cents 1987 740,000 ELIZABETH II FIJI 1987
New Zealand Twenty Cents 1987 14,028,000 ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1987
New Zealand One Dollar 1987 National Parks 73,500 ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1987
New Zealand One Cent 1987 27,528,000 ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1987
New Zealand Two Cents 1987 36,278,000 ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1987
New Zealand Ten Cents 1987 21,028,000 ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1987
New Zealand Five Cents 1987 40,028,000 ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1987
New Zealand Fifty Cents 1987 3,628,000 ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1987
United Kingdom One Penny 1987 500,207,084 ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1987
United Kingdom Ten Pence 1987 (mint sets only) 261,084 ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1987
United Kingdom One Pound 1987 Oak Tree and Diadem 39,632,193 ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1987
United Kingdom Gold Half Ounce 1987 Britannia unknown ELIZABETH ' II ' DEI ' GRATIA ' REGINA ' F ' D ' 50 ' POUNDS '
United Kingdom Gold Quarter Ounce 1987 Britannia unknown ELIZABETH ' II ' DEI ' GRATIA ' REGINA ' F ' D ' 25 POUNDS '
United Kingdom Half Sovereign 1987 (Proof only) 8,187 ELIZABETH II DEI · GRA · REG · F · D
United Kingdom Gold Tenth-Ounce 1987 Britannia unknown ELIZABETH ' II ' DEI ' GRATIA ' REGINA ' F ' D ' 10 POUNDS '
United Kingdom Gold Ounce 1987 Britannia unknown ELIZABETH ' II ' DEI ' GRATIA ' REGINA ' F ' D ' 100 ' POUNDS '
United Kingdom Twenty Pence 1987 137,711,084 ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D ·
United Kingdom Fifty Pence 1987 (mint sets only) 261,084 ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1987
United Kingdom Sovereign 1987 (Proof only) 9,979 ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · F · D
United Kingdom Two Pence 1987 218,361,834 ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1987
United Kingdom Five Sovereigns 1987 5,694 ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · F · D
United Kingdom Double Sovereign 1987 (Proof only) 1,801 ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · F · D
United Kingdom Five Pence 1987 48,481,084 ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1987
Australia Fifty Cents 1988 Coat of Arms unknown ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1988
Australia Five Cents 1988 103,400,000 ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1988
Australia One Cent 1988 108,400,000 ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1988
Australia Five Cents 1988 Cook Islands Mule 2 ELIZABETH II COOK ISLANDS 1988
Australia Twenty Cents 1988 (mint sets only) 346,000 ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1988
Australia Fifty Cents 1988 Bicentenary 8,206,000 ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1988
Australia One Dollar 1988 Australian Bicentenary 21,600,000 ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1988
Australia Two Dollars 1988 160,700,000 ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1988
Australia Two Cents 1988 29,011,000 ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1988
Australia Ten Cents 1988 49,006,000 ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1988
Cook Islands Five Cents 1988 Australia Mule unknown ELIZABETH II COOK ISLANDS 1988
New Zealand One Dollar 1988 Penguin 63,500 ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1988
Showing 1 to 100 of 585 Coins.
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Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait, by Raphael Maklouf: Details
Year1985
Personal InformationQueen Elizabeth II
Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait, by Raphael Maklouf: Photos
ImageDetails
Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait, by Raphael Maklouf: Photo New Zealand 1994 50 cents New Zealand 1994 50 cents
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author: Heritage Auction Galleries
Notes: Gold.
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