Maundy Penny (Pre-decimal), Coin Type from United Kingdom - detailed information

Maundy Penny (Pre-decimal), Coin Type from United Kingdom (issued 1817 - 1970)
Coin TypeMaundy Penny (Pre-decimal)

The Maundy Penny coin is the smallest denomination of Maundy money - coins specially minted in varying (but always small) mintage for ceremonial purposes and not intended as circulating currency. They are usually handed by the British monarch in person to selected deserving individuals once every year. They are issued in "prooflike" condition and usually remain in it, especially the more recent ones. Each recipient receives two purses: a red one with ordinary coins, and a white purse containing a particular amount (which varies every year) made up of one, two, three and four pence Maundy coins. Since the amounts are not always divisible by ten, the number (and mintage) of the respective denominations differ; in other words, they cannot always all be cleanly combined into a number of full sets. Note also that the coins are initially in purses; the sets that appear on the market are made from these later, and are not issued as sets by the Royal Mint.

The Royal Maundy is an ancient ceremony which has its origin in the commandment Christ gave after washing the feet of his disciples on the day before Good Friday. The commandment (also known as a "mandatum" from which the word Maundy is derived) "that ye love one another" (John XIII 34) is still recalled regularly by Christian churches throughout the world. The ceremony of washing the feet of the poor which was accompanied by gifts of food and clothing can be traced back to the fourth century.

Maundy money has remained in much the same form since 1670, and the coins used for the Maundy ceremony have traditionally been struck in sterling silver, save for the brief interruptions of King Henry VIII’s debasement of the coinage and the general change to 50% silver coins in 1920. The sterling silver standard (92.5%) was resumed following the Coinage Act of 1946. The current reverse was designed by Jean Baptiste Merlen in 1822 and has been issued every year since then with only minor modifications.

As there is no record of any denomination higher than one penny (then struck for circulation in silver) being used in the Maundy gift before 1731, sets from before then are most likely ordinary circulation strikes. At that time, coins used for the Maundy money distribution were indistinguishable from those struck for circulation. It was not until 1752 that coins not struck for circulation were used for the Maundy distribution. In a time when little silver was being struck by the Royal Mint, the coins distributed might bear a previous year's date.

To evade statutory prohibitions on the striking of silver coin during the Napoleonic Wars, all Maundy pieces issued from 1800 to 1815 bear the date 1800, though most were struck later. When the date was finally changed in 1816, after the prohibition ended, the size of the coins was slightly reduced, as the Royal Mint implemented a change from striking 62 shillings of silver coin from one troy pound of sterling silver to 66 shillings.The last year in which no Maundy coins were struck was 1821.

In 1689, the Royal Mint began using a design for the reverse of the four low-denomination silver coins depicting a crowned numeral. The designer is unknown (Richard Lobel, in his catalogue of British coins, suggests the artist was George Bower, an employee of the Royal Mint whose medals bear similar characteristics), but his work has endured, in a revised form, for over three hundred years. In 1822 an amended reverse was introduced, and has been struck every year since then in all four denominations.

The 1822 reverse design, which places the crowned numeral within an oak wreath was done by Jean Baptiste Merlen. This design is still struck each year, though the crown was altered in 1888, as was the appearance of the numeral "2" on the twopence. These changes were made by Royal Mint engraver Leonard Charles Wyon.

The original composition of the coins was sterling (0.925) silver. In common with all British silver coins, the fineness was reduced to 0.500 in 1921. In 1947 silver was removed from all circulating British coinage in favour of cupronickel, but as it was felt to be inappropriate to strike Maundy coins in base metal, their fineness was restored to 0.925.

On Decimal Day 15 February 1971, the pound sterling became decimalised, with 100 new pence instead of 20 shillings of 12 pence (240 pence) in a pound. No change was made to the design of the Maundy pieces, and all Maundy pieces, both pre- and post-Decimal Day are deemed denominated in new pence, more than doubling the face value of the pre-1971 pieces. The series continues as a decimal penny.

Obverse
United Kingdom / Maundy Penny (Pre-decimal) - obverse photo

Effigy of the ruling British monarch, legend (in Latin).

Obverse Inscription Legend of the ruling monarch
Reverse
United Kingdom / Maundy Penny (Pre-decimal) - reverse photo

Within an open oak wreath, the numeral value 1 [penny].

Above the value, St Edward's Crown. Named after Saint Edward the Confessor, it has been traditionally used to crown English and British monarchs at their coronations since the 13th century (with a two-century gap between 1689 and 1911).

Divided by the value, the date of issue: [year].

Reverse Inscription 1 [year]
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone
Coin Type: Maundy Penny (Pre-decimal) - (152) Coins (Page 1 of 2)
Coin NameReverseObverseDetails
Penny 1817 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1817 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1817 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 10,000
Penny 1818 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1818 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1818 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 9,504
Penny 1820 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1820 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1820 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 7,920
Penny 1822 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1822 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1822 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 12,000
Penny 1823 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1823 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 13,000
Penny 1824 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1824 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 9,504
Penny 1825 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1825 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 8,712
Penny 1826 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1826 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1826 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 8,712
Penny 1827 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1827 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1827 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 7,920
Penny 1828 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1828 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 7,920
Penny 1829 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1829 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 7,920
Penny 1830 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1830 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 7,920
Penny 1831 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1831 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1831 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 10,000
Penny 1832 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1832 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 8,712
Penny 1833 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1833 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 8,712
Penny 1834 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1834 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 8,712
Penny 1835 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1835 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 8,712
Penny 1836 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1836 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1836 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 8,712
Penny 1837 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1837 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 8,712
Penny 1838 (Maundy) Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,158
Penny 1839 (Maundy) Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,125
Penny 1840 (Maundy) Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,125
Penny 1841 (Maundy) Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 2,574
Penny 1842 (Maundy) Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,125
Penny 1843 (Maundy) Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,158
Penny 1844 (Maundy) Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,158
Penny 1845 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1845 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1845 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,158
Penny 1846 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1846 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1846 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,158
Penny 1847 (Maundy) Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,488
Penny 1848 (Maundy) Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,488
Penny 1849 (Maundy) Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,158
Penny 1850 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1850 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1850 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,158
Penny 1851 (Maundy) Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,158
Penny 1852 (Maundy) Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,488
Penny 1853 (Maundy) Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,158
Penny 1854 (Maundy) Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,158
Penny 1855 (Maundy) Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,158
Penny 1856 (Maundy) Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,158
Penny 1857 (Maundy) Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,158
Penny 1858 (Maundy) Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,158
Penny 1859 (Maundy) Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,158
Penny 1860 (Maundy) Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,158
Penny 1861 (Maundy) Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,158
Penny 1862 (Maundy) Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,158
Penny 1863 (Maundy) Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,158
Penny 1864 (Maundy) Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,158
Penny 1865 (Maundy) Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,158
Penny 1866 (Maundy) Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,158
Penny 1867 (Maundy) Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,158
Penny 1868 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1868 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1868 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,158
Penny 1869 (Maundy) Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,488
Penny 1870 (Maundy) Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,569
Penny 1871 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1871 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1871 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,627
Penny 1872 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1872 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,119
Penny 1873 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1873 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1873 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,162
Penny 1874 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1874 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1874 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 5,578
Penny 1875 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1875 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,154
Penny 1876 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1876 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,862
Penny 1877 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1877 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1877 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,850
Penny 1878 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1878 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 5,735
Penny 1879 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1879 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1879 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 5,202
Penny 1880 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1880 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 5,199
Penny 1881 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1881 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1881 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 6,001
Penny 1882 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1882 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,146
Penny 1883 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1883 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 5,096
Penny 1884 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1884 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 3,353
Penny 1885 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1885 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 5,791
Penny 1886 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1886 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1886 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 6,785
Penny 1887 (Maundy) Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,888
Penny 1888 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1888 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 9,528
Penny 1889 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1889 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 6,088
Penny 1890 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1890 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 8,613
Penny 1891 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1891 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1891 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 10,000
Penny 1892 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1892 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 8,524
Penny 1893 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1893 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1893 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 10,832
Penny 1894 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1894 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 9,385
Penny 1895 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1895 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1895 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 8,877
Penny 1896 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1896 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1896 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 8,476
Penny 1897 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1897 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 9,388
Penny 1898 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1898 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1898 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 9,147
Penny 1899 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1899 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 13,561
Penny 1900 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1900 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1900 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 9,571
Penny 1901 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1901 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1901 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 11,928
Penny 1902 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1902 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1902 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 10,117
Penny 1903 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1903 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 9,729
Penny 1904 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1904 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1904 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 11,568
Penny 1905 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1905 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1905 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 10,998
Penny 1906 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1906 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 11,065
Penny 1907 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1907 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1907 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 11,132
Penny 1908 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1908 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 9,929
Penny 1909 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1909 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 2,428
Penny 1910 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1910 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 2,755
Penny 1911 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1911 (Maundy) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Penny 1911 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,635
Penny 1912 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1912 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,616
Penny 1913 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1913 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,590
Penny 1914 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1914 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,651
Penny 1915 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1915 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,441
Penny 1916 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1916 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,499
Penny 1917 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1917 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,478
Penny 1918 (Maundy) United Kingdom / Penny 1918 (Maundy) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,479
Showing 1 to 100 of 152 Coins.
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Maundy Penny (Pre-decimal): Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
From1817
To1970
Face Value1 (x Penny)
CurrentYes
Material0.925 Silver
DesignerJean Baptiste Merlen
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationCoin Alignment (Axis 6)
Size11.000 mm
Mass0.470 g
Maundy Penny (Pre-decimal): Photos
ImageDetails
Coin - Penny, George III, Great Britain, 1818
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George III reverse (1817 - 1820).
Source
Coin - Penny (Maundy), Elizabeth II, Great Britain, 1957
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Source
Coin - Penny (Maundy), Elizabeth II, Great Britain, 1957
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Queen Elizabeth II (1954 - 1970).
Source
Coin - Penny, George III, Great Britain, 1818
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George III (1817 - 1820).
Source
Coin - Penny, George IV, Great Britain, 1826
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George IV (1822 - 1830).
Source
Coin - Penny (Maundy), William IV, Great Britain, 1836
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King William IV (1831 - 1837).
Source
Great Britain 1868 penny KM-727
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Queen Victoria, Young Head (1838 - 1887).
Source
Great Britain 1893 penny KM-775
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Queen Victoria, Veiled Head (1893 - 1901).
Source
Coin - Penny (Maundy), George V, Great Britain, 1932
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George V (1911 - 1936).
Source