One Penny (Ironside design, Bronze), Coin Type from United Kingdom - detailed information

One Penny (Ironside design, Bronze), Coin Type from United Kingdom (issued 1971 - 1992)
Coin TypeOne Penny (Ironside design, Bronze)

The United Kingdom 1p coin was one of three new coins introduced into general circulation on the 15 February 1971 when the United Kingdom adopted a new decimal currency system. The other two new coins were the 1/2p and 2p coins (5p, 10p and 50p had been introduced earlier).

To avoid confusion between the old and new coinage all three coins initially had the word "NEW" incorporated into the reverse design; this was later removed.

The one penny coin is currently the lowest circulating denomination of the British (decimal) Pound Sterling, after the half penny was demonetised in 1984.

The first copper-plated steel 1p coins were struck in 1992. The reason for this change was the increase in the price of metals on the world markets. The newer coins have a mild steel core and are electroplated with copper - consequently they are magnetic while the bronze ones are not.

The composition of (these) bronze coins is: 97% copper, 2.5% zinc, 0.5% tin. Coins of this type are still current and circulate in parallel with the new ones. One penny and two pence coins are legal tender only up to the sum of 20p; this means that it is permissible to refuse payment of sums greater than this amount in 1p and 2p coins in order to settle a debt.

Obverse
United Kingdom / One Penny (Ironside design, Bronze) - obverse photo

Effigy of the ruling British monarch, legend (in Latin), date.

Obverse Inscription ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
Reverse
United Kingdom / One Penny (Ironside design, Bronze) - reverse photo

Within a beaded circle, a crowned portcullis with chains - an adaptation of the Badge of King Henry VII and now the Badge of the Palace of Westminster.

Around above, the denomination NEW PENNY (before 1983) or ONE PENNY (1983 and later); below, the value as a numeral: 1.

Reverse Inscription 1 NEW PENNY (1971 - 1982) or 1 ONE PENNY (1983 and later)
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone
Coin Type: One Penny (Ironside design, Bronze) - (21) Coins
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
One Penny 1971 1,522,016,250 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1971
One Penny 1972 (Proof only) 150,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1972
One Penny 1973 280,296,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1973
One Penny 1974 330,992,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1974
One Penny 1975 221,704,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1975
One Penny 1976 300,260,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1976
One Penny 1977 285,623,800 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1977
One Penny 1978 292,856,100 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1978
One Penny 1979 459,081,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1979
One Penny 1980 416,447,400 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1980
One Penny 1981 301,900,300 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1981
One Penny 1982 100,603,800 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1982
One Penny 1983 243,746,900 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1983
One Penny 1984 155,024,965 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1984
One Penny 1985 200,885,635 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1985
One Penny 1986 370,260,951 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1986
One Penny 1987 500,207,084 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1987
One Penny 1988 793,705,381 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1988
One Penny 1989 658,305,273 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1989
One Penny 1990 529,229,158 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1990
One Penny 1991 206,587,719 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1991
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One Penny (Ironside design, Bronze): Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling
Sub-type ofOne Penny
From1971
To1992
Face Value1 (x Penny)
CurrentNo
MaterialBronze
DesignerChristopher Ironside
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size20.320 mm
Thickness1.520 mm
Mass3.564 g
One Penny (Ironside design, Bronze): Photos
ImageDetails
Coin, Great Britain, Elizabeth II, Penny, 1984
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source
Coin, Great Britain, Elizabeth II, Penny, 1984
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source