One Penny 1991, Coin from United Kingdom - detailed information

One Penny 1991, Coin from United Kingdom
CoinOne Penny 1991

The one penny coin is currently the lowest circulating denomination of the British (decimal) Pound Sterling, after the half penny was demonetised in 1984. It was one of three new coins introduced into general circulation on the 15 February 1971 when the United Kingdom adopted a new decimal currency system. The other two new coins were the 1/2p and 2p coins (5p, 10p and 50p had been introduced earlier).

To avoid confusion between the old and new coinage all three coins initially had the word "NEW" incorporated into the reverse design; this was later removed.

Bronze was replaced for new coins with copper-plated steel in 1992. In 2008, a new design was introduced. The original coins are still current though, and circulate in parallel with the new ones. Coins issued in 1991 have now been circulating for 28 years.

One penny and two pence coins are legal tender only up to the sum of 20p; this means that it is permissible to refuse payment of sums greater than this amount in 1p and 2p coins in order to settle a debt.

MintRoyal Mint Mintage206,587,719 (206.6 million), Rarity: C (Common)
Obverse
United Kingdom / One Penny 1991 - obverse photo

Crowned bust of Queen Elizabeth II wearing a pearl necklace, facing right (effigy known as the "Third Portrait"); incuse in tiny letters on neck truncation, the designer's initials RDM (for Raphael David Maklouf).

Around, the monarch's legend and the date: ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1991. Translated from Latin: Elizabeth the Second, by the grace of God, Queen, Defender of the Faith 1991.

Obverse Inscription ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1991
Reverse
United Kingdom / One Penny 1991 - reverse photo

Within a beaded circle, a crowned portcullis with chains (an adaptation of the Badge of Henry VII and now the Badge of the Palace of Westminster); around above, the denomination ONE PENNY; below, the value as a numeral: 1.

Reverse Inscription 1 ONE PENNY
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone
One Penny 1991: Known varieties
Variety In mint sets
Mintage 74,975 (included in total)
Variety Proof FDC
Mintage 55,144 (included in total)
Details

Issued in standard packaging or in red leather cases.

One Penny 1991: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Royal Mint 28th March 2019 Mint link
Royal Mint 28th March 2019 Mintage link Circulation mintage
Spink, Coins of England and the United Kingdom Mintage Proof and sets mintage
Spink, Coins of England and the United Kingdom Varieties Proof FDC, mint sets
All (51) Coins of Country: United Kingdom, Type: One Penny
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
One Penny 1971 1,522,016,250 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1971
One Penny 1972 (Proof only) 150,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1972
One Penny 1973 280,296,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1973
One Penny 1974 330,992,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1974
One Penny 1975 221,704,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1975
One Penny 1976 300,260,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1976
One Penny 1977 285,623,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1977
One Penny 1978 292,856,100 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1978
One Penny 1979 459,081,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1979
One Penny 1980 416,447,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1980
One Penny 1981 301,900,300 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1981
One Penny 1982 100,603,800 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1982
One Penny 1983 243,746,900 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1983
One Penny 1984 155,024,965 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1984
One Penny 1985 200,885,635 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1985
One Penny 1986 370,260,951 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1986
One Penny 1987 500,207,084 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1987
One Penny 1988 793,705,381 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1988
One Penny 1989 658,305,273 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1989
One Penny 1990 529,229,158 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1990
One Penny 1991 206,587,719 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1991
One Penny 1992 254,007,747 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1992
One Penny 1993 602,713,025 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1993
One Penny 1994 844,078,692 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1994
One Penny 1995 303,480,286 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1995
One Penny 1996 723,994,142 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1996
One Penny 1997 397,064,305 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1997
One Penny 1998 739,929,862 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 1998
One Penny 1999 891,608,840 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 1999
One Penny 2000 1,060,610,219 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2000
One Penny 2001 928,805,113 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2001
One Penny 2002 601,567,309 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2002
One Penny 2003 539,592,512 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2003
One Penny 2004 739,883,637 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2004
One Penny 2005 536,440,263 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2005
One Penny 2006 524,742,798 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2006
One Penny 2007 548,132,093 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2007
One Penny 2008 (Ironside design) 180,772,577 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2008
One Penny 2008 (Dent design) 508,072,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2008
One Penny 2009 556,552,800 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2009
One Penny 2010 609,693,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2010
One Penny 2011 431,044,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2011
One Penny 2012 227,234,500 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2012
One Penny 2013 260,834,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2013
One Penny 2014 464,836,020 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2014
One Penny 2015 (Fourth Portrait) 154,600,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2015
One Penny 2015 (Fifth Portrait) 418,201,016 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2015 ·
One Penny 2016 368,482,000 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2016 ·
One Penny 2017 240,999,600 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2017 ·
One Penny 2018 unknown Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2018 ·
One Penny 2019 unknown Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2019 ·
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One Penny 1991: Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling
Coin TypeOne Penny (Ironside design, Bronze)
Issued1991
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II
EffigyPortrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait)
Face Value1 (x Penny)
Mintage206,587,719 (206.6 million), Rarity: C (Common)
CurrentYes
MaterialBronze
DesignerChristopher Ironside
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationSame (Medal Alignment, Axis 0 / Axis 12)
Size (mm)20.3000
Thickness (mm)1.5200
Mass (g)3.5600
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One Penny 1991: Photos
ImageDetails
Coin, Great Britain, Penny, 1991
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source
Coin, Great Britain, Penny, 1991
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source
One Penny 1991: Catalogue Reference IDs